OCEANS & SEAS
A)
Iran
B)
Pakistan
C)
China
D)
India

Correct Answer : Option (D) - India

Note :

India and its partners in the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or Quad along with Canada and South Korea are participating in the multinational exercise Sea Dragon at Guam in the Western Pacific.
 
The exercise, primarily focused on Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) training, will involve more than 270 hours of in-flight training and activities ranging from tracking simulated targets to tracking a US Navy submarine. Each event will be graded and the country scoring the highest points will receive the Dragon Belt award.
 
The wargame, being held at Andersen Air Force Base in Guam, includes contingents from the Indian Navy, the US Navy, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force and the South Korean Navy.

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A)
Atlantic Circulation
B)
Atlantic Overturning Circulation
C)
Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
D)
North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

Note : A study published in Nature Climate Change notes that the North Atlantic Ocean circulation, known officially as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), is losing its stability. The AMOC is a large system of ocean currents. It is the Atlantic branch of the ocean conveyor belt or Thermohaline circulation (THC), and distributes heat and nutrients throughout the world’s ocean basins.

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A)
Indian Ocean
B)
Pacific Ocean
C)
Atlantic Ocean
D)
Southern Ocean

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Indian Ocean

Note : The Agulhas Current flows is the western boundary current of the southwest Indian Ocean. It flows south along the east coast of Africa from 27°S to 40°S. It is narrow, swift and strong.

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A)
Caspian sea
B)
Caribbean sea
C)
Black sea
D)
Baltic sea

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Baltic sea

Note : Volcanic eruption does not occur in the Baltic Sea. This Baltic Sea anomaly looks like a harbor with a pair of stairways and a couple of slot- like boat launches that lead to deeper water.

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A)
Lowthian Green
B)
Harry Hess
C)
F.B. Taylor
D)
A. Holmes

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Harry Hess

Note : The concept of sea floor spreading was first propounded by Harry Hess. Harry Hammond Hess was a geologist and United States Navy officer in World War II. Considered one of the "founding fathers" of the unifying theory of plate tectonics. Rear Admiral Harry Hammond Hess was born on May 24, 1906 in New York City.

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A)
Benguela current
B)
Peru current
C)
Kuroshio current
D)
Labrador current

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Kuroshio current

Note : Kuroshio current also known as Japan current is a north-flowing ocean current on the west side of the North Pacific Ocean. It transports the warm water northwards towards the polasr region. The warm waters of the Kuroshio Current sustain the coral reefs of Japan, the northernmost coral reefs in the world.

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A)
New Guinea
B)
Baffin
C)
Sumatra
D)
Greenland

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Greenland

Note :

* Greenland (836,330 sq miles/2,166,086 sq km)
* New Guinea (317,150 sq miles/821,400 sq km)
* Borneo (288,869 sq miles/748,168 sq km)
* Madagascar (226,756 sq miles/587,295 sq km)
* Baffin (195,928 sq miles/507,451 sq km)
* Sumatra (171,069 sq miles/443,066 sq km)
* Honshu (87,992 sq miles/227,898 sq km)... etc,.

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A)
Pacific Ocean
B)
Atlantic Ocean
C)
Arctic Ocean
D)
Indian Ocean

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Pacific Ocean

Note : Pacific Ocean holds almost 50% of total water on the planet. The Pacific Ocean holds more than half of the Earth's open water supply. In fact, the Pacific Ocean's basin, or the land below sea level, is so large that it could hold all of the world's continents. The world's second largest body of water, the Atlantic Ocean. 

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A)
Indian Ocean
B)
Atlantic Ocean
C)
Arctic Ocean
D)
Pacific Ocean

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Pacific Ocean

Note : The Pacific Ocean has the most coral reefs. Reef-building corals are restricted in their geographic distribution by factors such as the temperature and the salinity (salt content) of the water.

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A)
Mexico
B)
Cuba
C)
Guatemala
D)
Nicaragua

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Cuba

Note : Guantánamo Bay (Spanish: Bahía de Guantánamo) is a bay in Guantánamo Province at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the largest harbor on the south side of the island and it is surrounded by steep hills which create an enclave that is cut off from its immediate hinterland.

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