ARTS & CULTURE
A)
Assam
B)
Tripura
C)
Mizoram
D)
Manipur

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Manipur

Note :

Union Tourism Minister G Kishan Reddy Monday(21st Nov 2022) inaugurated the ‘Manipur Sangai Festival 2022’ at the Sangai Ethnic Park, Moirang Khunou in Bishnupur district.

* The 10-day-long festival will be held in 13 venues across six districts in the northeastern state till November 30, 2022.
 
* Speaking at the event, the Union minister expressed his gratitude for being able to participate in the festival. “I am lucky to meet groups of 33 different communities in one place, who have come to represent their communities in the festival,” he said.
 
* G Kishan Reddy invited people across the country to visit the state and witness the beauty of the festival. He also appreciated the chief minister, his cabinet colleagues, MLAs, and other officials for organising the festival. The tourism minister further stated that he would convey to Prime Minister Narendra Modi that the festival is being celebrated in a grand manner.
 
* The Union minister hailed the natural beauty of Manipur. He further said the Union Government had been taking up initiatives for the development of the Northeast.
 
* Manipur Chief Minister "N Biren Singh" said the festival is celebrated as the ‘Festival of Oneness’ to encourage a sense of belongingness, and pride in ownership of the land among the people..

Source : Indian Express

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A)
Bhai Dooj
B)
Chhath Puja
C)
Dhanteras
D)
Karva Chauth

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Chhath Puja

Note :

Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival dedicated to the Surya Dev and Shashthi Devi. Chhath Puja is celebrated after Diwali for four days. It is mainly celebrated in Bihar, Jharkhand, and eastern Uttar Pradesh in India and some parts of Nepal. Chhath Puja is also known as Surya Shashthi, Chhath Mahaparv, Chhath Parv, Dala Puja, Pratihar, and Dala Chhath.
 
Chhath Puja 2022 Date : Chhath Puja 2022 celebrations have begun on 28th October 2022 and will continue till 31st October 2022. The Shashthi tithi begins at 5:49 am on 30th October 2022. The tithi ends at 3:27 am on 31st October.
 
Chhath Puja 2022 Significance Chhath Puja holds special significance because during Chhath Parv we worship the source of energy, Surya Dev. The rituals of Chhath Puja are followed for four days which include the following activities.
 
Kaddu Bhaat or Nahai Khai - The first day of Chhat Puja is known as Kaddu Bhaat or Nahai Khai. During this day, the Paravaitin (the main worshipper who observes fast) cooks the Satvik Kaddu Bhaat which is served as ‘Bhog’ to the sun god in the afternoon.

Kharana - The second day of Chhath Puja is known as Kharana in which the Paravaitin cooks roti and rice kheer and serves it as ‘Bhog’ to the Moon-god or Chandradevta.

Arghya - During the third day of Chhath Puja, a full-day fast without water is observed. The main ritual of the day is to offer Arghya to the setting sun.

Dusri Arghya or Usha Arghya - On the final day of Chhath Chhath Puja, the 36 hours long fast is broken after giving Arghya to the sun. The Arghya is offered to the rising sun.

  Show Answer
A)
Karnataka
B)
Assam
C)
Haryana
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Haryana

Note :

Haryana is all set to become home to the world's largest museum of Harappan culture. Rakhigarhi is a village in Hisar district of "Haryana", situated some 150 km from Delhi. The village is also a famous archaeological site from the Indus Valley civilisation period.
 
On Sunday(11th Sep 2022), Chief Minister of the state Manohar Lal Khattar reviewed the ongoing construction work. He also instructed the officials of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to finish the excavation work as soon as possible. As per officials, the museum will display some 5000-year-old Indus Valley artifacts.
 
For those who don’t know, the village of Rakhigarhi was part of the Indus Valley Civilisation from 2600-1900 BC. Not only this, the place was one of the largest settlements of the ancient civilisation located in the Ghaggar-Hakra River plain. However, the site remains largely unexcavated and only about five percent of the village has been excavated till date..

Source : Times of India

  Show Answer
A)
Odisha
B)
Chhattisgarh
C)
Rajasthan
D)
Maharashtra

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Odisha

Note :

* Nuakhai is an annual harvest festival in Odisha. Nuakhai is celebrated to welcome the approaching new season and welcome the season’s new rice. Nuakhai is celebrated a day after Ganesh Chaturthi, and it is one of the most awaited festivals in Odisha.

* This year(2022) the festival is being celebrated today on 1 September, 2022. The Goddess of Western Odisha, Maa Samaleswari will be offered with new crop or ‘Nabanna’ between 10:56 AM to 11:10 AM.

Nuakhai is made of two words, Nua which means new, and Khai which means food. The festival altogether means celebrating the season’s new rice harvested by hardworking farmers. The people in the western part of Odisha celebrate Nuakhai with zeal and excitement.
 
Nuakhai marks the harvest of new rice paddy and people across the socio-economic strata celebrate this festival.

People of western Odisha have agriculture as their main occupation, therefore Nuakhai is a very important festival for them. The celebration of Nuakhai begins with cleaning and decorating the households. People wear new and traditional clothes which are made of Sambalpuri fabrics.

Once the Nabanna is given to the goddess, people enjoy the Nabanna, distribute Nua or rice grains to family and friends, and offer their greetings to mother earth for providing food. The celebration is followed by ‘Nuakhai Juhar’ where young members of the family touch the feet of elders seeking their blessings..

Source : Times of India

  Show Answer
A)
Giddha
B)
Garba
C)
Lavani
D)
Bhangra

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Garba

Note :

India has nominated the dance form Garba to be inscribed on UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage list. UNESCO( United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Director Eric Falt said that after the inclusion of 'Durga Puja' on the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage representative last year, India has now nominated 'Garba' for 2022.
 
He said, the next meeting of UNESCO is in November & hopefully there will be yet another beautiful Indian festival Garba inscribed on UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage list.

India was elected by UNESCO to serve on the distinguished Intergovernmental Committee of the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in July. India garnered a whopping 110 votes from 155 State Parties that finalised its selection..

Source : AIR

  Show Answer
A)
Rijksmuseum
B)
Louvre Museum
C)
Van Gogh Museum
D)
Scotland Museum

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Scotland Museum

Note :

Scotland Museums in the Scottish city of Glasgow on Friday(19th Aug 2022) signed an agreement with the Indian government to repatriate seven stolen artefacts to India.
 
Glasgow Life, a charitable organisation which runs the city's museums, had confirmed the handover earlier this year and the arrangement was formalised at a transfer of ownership ceremony at the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in the presence of Acting Indian High Commissioner to the UK Sujit Ghosh.
 
The seven antiquities to now find their way back to India include a ceremonial Indo-Persian talwar or sword, believed to date back to the 14th century, and an 11th century carved stone door jamb taken from a temple in Kanpur.
 
We are delighted that our partnership with Glasgow Life has resulted in a decision to restitute Indian artefacts from Glasgow museums to India, said Ghosh..

Source : Business Standard

  Show Answer
A)
Manipur
B)
Meghalaya
C)
Tripura
D)
Nagaland

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Tripura

Note :

Kharchi Festival is back with all its pomp and fervour. This year, the festival will be celebrated with much grandeur as it was halted for the past two years due to the covid-19 pandemic
 
* It is a 7-day-long celebration which will begin on July 7 and will end on July 13, 2022. The festivity will take place in Agartala, West Tripura district.
 
* Khar means sin and chi means cleaning. Therefore, it is known as the cleaning of sins festival. In Kharchi Festival, 14 deities are worshipped. The festivity will take place at Chaturdash Devata Mandie, located 8kn away from the celebration. 
 
* The 14 gods which are prayed to during the festivity are Saraswati, Durga, Lakshmi, Shiva, Durga, Kartikeya, Brahma, Ganesh, Ganga, Agni, Himadri, Prithvi, Samudra and Kamadeva.
 
* The festival begins with the head priest and others, carrying these 14 deities to the river. After the holy ceremony of bathing them is over, the idols are brought back to Chaturdash temple with flowers, petals and other elements which are used during the puja. Out of 14 idols, 11 idols are kept inside Andarmahal once the festivity gets over. Only three idols are worshipped throughout the year..

Source : Outlookindia

  Show Answer
A)
Assam
B)
Odisha
C)
Telangana
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Odisha

Note : In Hinduism, the Jagannath Rath Yatra is one of the important festivals. The Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha, organises this Rath Yatra. Jagannath Rath Yatra is held every year on the second day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Ashadha, as per the Hindu calendar. Every year, thousands of devotees flock to the yatra.

2022 Jagannath Rath Yatra : July 1, 2022

  Show Answer
A)
Meghalaya
B)
Nagaland
C)
Tripura
D)
Assam

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Assam

Note :

Guwahati : The annual Ambubachi Mela at Assam’s famed Kamakhya Temple began on Wednesday(22nd June 2022) with devotees allowed to participate after a gap of two years.
 
As a part of the rituals, the temple doors were symbolically closed for four days with the ‘Pravritti’ on Wednesday(22nd June 2022), Maa Kamakhya Devalaya’s head priest or ‘Bor Doloi’ Kabinath Sarma said.
 
Nivriti’ or the opening of the door will take place on the morning of June 26, he said.
 
In view of the devastating floods in the state, the festival is being observed in a subdued manner this time.
 
“As the auspicious Ambubachi Mela begins from today, I pray to Maa Kamakhya to bless everyone with good health, happiness & prosperity, besides help us ward off all evils,” Chief Minister "Himanta Biswa Sarma" tweeted..

Source : The Print

  Show Answer
A)
Goa
B)
Assam
C)
Meghalaya
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Goa

Note :

The people of Goa has celebrated(24th June 2022) the "Sao Joao" festival, the feast of St John the Baptist with traditional enthusiasm after a two-year coronavirus-induced gap.

The festival is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, who baptised Lord Jesus on the river of Jordan and is celebrated at the onset of monsoon. Siolim, a village in North Goa, hosts a traditional canoe parade on the occasion of Sao Joao.
 
About the festival :

A large number of people participated in the boat parade in Siolim village of Goa’s Bardez taluka, marking the beginnng of revelry in the ‘Sao Joao’ festival.

Traditionally, people jump into the well but since the wells are fast disappearing, people prefer to celebrate it in swimming pools. The festival is marked to herald the monsoon season in the state every year in June. People are often seen having a great time by enjoying and dancing in the artificial rain which adds charm to the celebrations..

Source : Hindustan Times

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