ARTS & CULTURE
A)
Maharashtra
B)
Haryana
C)
Karnataka
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Haryana

Note : Rakhigarhi, the largest Indus Valley site in India, was discovered by archaeologists in 1998. It is a village in Hisar, Haryana, located about 150 kilometres from Delhi. It is one of the five iconic archaeological sites mentioned by Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman during her Budget Speech in February 2020.

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A)
35
B)
40
C)
47
D)
53

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 40

Note :

There are 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Dholavira and Ramappa Temple are the latest addition to the list under the ‘Cultural’ category. ‘Ramappa Temple’, Telangana and ‘Dholavira’, Gujarat which is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2021. This decision was made in the UNESCO World Heritage Committee’s 44th session held in China. In 2021 the total number of World Heritage Sites has increased from 38 to 40.
 
What is UNESCO World Heritage Site?
 
UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This is exemplified by the Convention regarding the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, accepted by UNESCO in 1972.
 
Criteria for UNESCO World Heritage Sites :
 
1. Human creative genius.
2. Interchange of values.
3. Testimony to cultural tradition.
4. Significance in human history.
5. Traditional human settlement.
6. Heritage associated with events of universal significance.
7. Natural phenomena or beauty.
8. Major stages of Earth’s history.
9. Significant ecological and biological processes.
10. The significant natural habitat for biodiversity.
 
List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India :
S.No Name of Sites Year Location
1 Ajanta Caves 1983 Maharashtra
2 Ellora Caves 1983 Maharashtra
3 Agra Fort 1983 Agra
4 Taj Mahal 1983 Agra
5 Sun Temple 1984 Orissa
6 Mahabalipuram Monuments 1984 Tamil Nadu
7 Kaziranga National Park 1985 Assam
8 Keoladeo National Park 1985 Rajasthan
9 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 Assam
10 Churches and Convents of Goa 1986 Goa
11 Monuments of Khajuraho 1986 Madhya
Pradesh
12 Monuments of Hampi 1986 Karnataka
13 Fatehpur Sikri 1986 Agra
14 Elephanta Caves 1987 Maharashtra
15 Great Living Chola Temples 1987 Tamil Nadu
16 Pattadakal Monuments 1987 Karnataka
17 Sundarbans National Park 1987 West Bengal
18 Nanda Devi & Valley of Flowers National Park 1988 Uttarakhand
19 Monuments of Buddha 1989 Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh
20 Humayun’s Tomb 1993 Delhi
21 Qutub Minar and its Monuments 1993 Delhi
22 Mountain Railways of Darjeeling, Kalka Shimla & Nilgiri 1999 Darjeeling
23 Mahabodhi Temple 2002 Bihar
24 Bhimbetka Rock Shelters 2003 Madhya Pradesh
25 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus 2004 Maharashtra
26 ChampanerPavagadh Archaeological Park 2004 Gujarat
27 Red Fort 2007 Delhi
28 Jantar Mantar 2010 Delhi
29 Western Ghats 2012 Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra
30 Hill Forts 2013 Rajasthan
31 Rani Ki Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) 2014 Gujarat
32 Great Himalayan National Park 2014 Himachal Pradesh
33 Nalanda 2016 Bihar
34 Khangchendzonga National Park 2016 Sikkim
35 Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (Capitol Complex) 2016 Chandigarh
36 The Historic City 2017 Ahmedabad
37 Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles 2018 Mumbai
38 The Pink City 2019 Jaipur
39 Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple 2021 Telangana
40 Dholavira 2021 Gujarat

  Show Answer
A)
TATA
B)
Google
C)
Amazon
D)
Flipkart

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Flipkart

Note :

* Flipkart has signed an MoU with the West Bengal government to support and train local artisans, weavers and handicraft makers.

* Aim : To leverage its e-commerce platform to scale up small businesses nationally.

* The agreement was signed with West Bengal's micro, small and medium enterprises and textiles department.

* Flipkart Samarth programme will empower artisans/weavers in the state.

Source : Financial Express

  Show Answer
A)
Narendra Modi
B)
Amarinder Singh
C)
Yogi Adityanath
D)
Mamata Banerjee

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Narendra Modi

Note :

Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that the Umiya Mata Temple, a religious site in Gujarat’s Junagadh, has now become a central focus for social consciousness. He explained that the temple helps the underprivileged members of the community by providing free health treatment as well as religious and social activities.
 
Important Points :
 
* On Ramnavami, Prime Minister Modi was virtually speaking at the 14th foundation day festivities of Umiya Mata Temple in Junagadh. Mr Modi also presided over the temple’s inauguration in 2008, when he was Gujarat’s, Chief Minister.

* Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged people to practise natural farming for the sake of future generations. He stated that we should not exploit our homeland for personal gain.

* He emphasised that just as we understand the necessity of water conservation, we must also realise the importance of preserving and nurturing our motherland through natural farming.

* Modi also urged people to take care of children, especially female children, by eating nutritious food. People might establish healthy child tournaments, he suggested, in order to raise awareness about nutritional food.

* Prime Minister Narendra Modi, speaking at the Azadi Ka Amrut Mahotsav, urged people to build 75 rural ponds in each district. He claims that these village ponds continue to play an important part in the economy of villages after 25 years. Umiya Mata is the Kuldevi of Gujarat’s Kadva Patidar community.

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A)
Odisha
B)
Sikkim
C)
Jharkhand
D)
Arunachal Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Jharkhand

Note : Sarhul is the festival of the New Year celebrated in the state of Jharkhand by the tribal communities as part of the local Sarna religion. It is celebrated in the Hindu month of Chaitra, three days after the appearance of the new moon. It is also a celebration of the beginning of spring. The word ”Sarhul” is connected with tree worship. It is a festival where nature is venerated. In the year 2022, it falls on 04 April, Monday.

  Show Answer
A)
Assam
B)
Bihar
C)
Punjab
D)
Rajasthan

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Rajasthan

Note :

The Gangaur festival is celebrated in Rajasthan and some parts of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and West Bengal. It is one of Rajasthan’s most important festivals and is observed with great fervour across the state. The women worship Gauri, the wife of Lord Shiva during the period of this festival which is from March to April. This festival celebrates the harvest, spring, childbearing, and marital fidelity.
 
The unmarried women worship Gauri to seek her blessings for finding a good husband. The married women worship her for health, welfare, happy married life, and long life of their husbands. On the first day of Chaitra, the day following Holi, this festival begins and continues for a period of 16 days.

  Show Answer
A)
1st April
B)
2nd April
C)
3rd April
D)
4th April

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 2nd April

Note :

Ugadi, also known as Yugadi, is a renowned South Indian festival mainly celebrated in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana to commemorate the beginning of a new year. The festival of Ugadi is celebrated on the first day of Chaitra month as per the Hindu calendar. This year, Ugadi falls on 2nd April 2022(Saturday). Likewise, on the same day, Gudi Padwa, the traditional New year of Maharashtra is enjoyed by the Marathi and Konkani Hindus.
 
On this glorious occasion, people traditionally decorate their house with mango leaves, garlands of flowers, prepare tasty foods, make vibrant rangoli and decorate them with floral designs in front of the door. Besides, they take a special oil bath to show their devotion to the gods and also wear new clothes.
 
HISTORY AND SIGNIFICANCE : The Ugadi term originated from Sanskrit, where the word ‘yuga’ means time and the word ‘adi’ denotes beginning. This means ‘the beginning of a new age’. It has been remarked as one of the prominent and historic Hindu festivals with some ancient texts and inscriptions recording important charitable donations to Hindu temples and community centres on this day.
 
According to the legends, this festival is named after Lord Brahma, said to be the creator of this universe on the day of Ugadi. Hence, this day also indicates the beginning of Satyajug. Not only that, but it also marks the beginning of Chaitra Navratri which leads up to Ram Navami, Lord Rama’s birthday.
 
Ugadi symbolises the beginning of spring and the arrival of mild summers. On the day of Ugadi, after offering prayer there is a ritual of consuming neem leaves. In some places, devotees even make a paste of neem leaves mixed with coriander seeds, tamarind and jaggery. It is believed that consuming the neem leaves will purify our blood and will also increase our immunity to fight diseases. Additionally, green chilli/pepper is eaten to control our anger..

Source : News18

  Show Answer
A)
The Horse Fair
B)
The Pyrenees
C)
Weaning the Calves
D)
Haymaking in the Auvergne

Correct Answer : Option (A) - The Horse Fair

Note : Rosa Bonheur was one of the most famous female painters of the nineteenth century. She was mainly a painter of animals. Her most well-known painting was ' The Horse Fair', which got her international recognition in 1853. It is exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

  Show Answer
A)
Gujarat
B)
Karnataka
C)
Telangana
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Telangana

Note : The Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India, has sanctioned Rs. 2.26 Crores for Medaram Jatara 2022 Festival in Telangana. In 2022, the festival is being held from February 16 to 19, 2022. Medaram Jatara is the second-largest fair in India, after the Kumbh Mela. The four day tribal festival is celebrated once in two years in the month of “Magha” (February) on the full moon day, in Medaram Village of Mulugu district in Telangana.

  Show Answer
A)
Ladakh
B)
Himachal Pradesh
C)
Arunachal Pradesh
D)
Jammu and Kashmir

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Arunachal Pradesh

Note : In Arunachal Pradesh, the celebration of the annual Torgya Festival started on January 30, 2022. The three-day traditional festival is exclusively held in Tawang Monastery of Arunachal Pradesh by the Monpa community.

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