IPC Sections
IPC Section 11 : “Person”
The word “person” includes any Company or Association or body of persons, whether incorporated or not.
IPC Section 12 : “Public”
The word “public” includes any class of the public or any community.
IPC Section 13 : Definition of “Queen”
Repealed by the Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950.
IPC Section 14 : “Servant of Government”
The words “Servant of Government” denote any officer or servant continued, appointed or employed in India by or under the authority of Government.
IPC Section 15 : Definition of “British India”
Repealed(Rep) by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937.
IPC Section 16 : Definition of “Government of India”
Repealed by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937.
IPC Section 17 : “Government”
The word “Government” denotes the Central Government or the Government of a State.
IPC Section 18 : “India”
"India" means the territory of India excluding the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
IPC Section 19 : “Judge”
The word “Judge” denotes not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but also every person who is empowered by law to give, in any legal proceeding, civil or criminal, a definitive judgment, or a judgment which, if not appealed against, would be definitive, or a judgment which, if confirmed by some other authority, would be definitive, or who is one of a body of persons, which body of persons is empowered by law to give such a judgment.
 
illustrations
 
i)   A collector exercising jurisdiction in a suit under Act 10 of 1859, is a Judge.
ii)  A Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in respect of a charge on which he has power to sentence to fine or imprisonment with or without appeal, is a Judge.
iii) A member of a panchayat which has power, under Regulation VII, 1816, of the Madras Code, to try and determine suit, is a Judge.
iv) A Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in respect of a charge on which he has power only to commit for trial to another Court, is not a Judge.
IPC Section 20 : “Court of Justice”
The words “Court of Justice” denote a Judge who is empowered by law to act judicially alone, or a body of Judges which is empowered by law to act judicially as a body, when such Judge or body of Judges is acting judicially.
 
illustrations
 
i) A Panchayat acting under Regulation VII, 1816, of the Madras Code, having power to try and determine suits, is a Court of Justice.