Google News
November - 2022 Current Affairs

Correct Answer :   Varanasi

Union Minister Sarbananda Sonowal will inaugurate the PM Gati Shakti Multimodal Waterways Summit at Varanasi on 11 November, the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways said in a statement.
* The Indian Waterways Authority of India (IWAI), under the aegis of the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, Government of India is organizing the ‘PM Gati Shakti Multimodal Waterways Summit’ on 11- 12 November, 2022.  
* Sonowal will also unveil the inauguration and foundation stones of community jetties on National Waterways-1 (River Ganga) at Ravidas Ghat.  
* The minister said that the government under the leadership of PM Modi- is committed to the idea of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayaas. 

* Sonowal added that the PM Gati Shakti National Master Plan (NMP) is a transformative approach for improving logistics efficiency and reducing logistics cost to ensure first and last mile connectivity for seamless movement of people and goods.
*MoPSW had identified 101 projects estimated to cost around Rs. 62,627 crores under Gati Shakti NMP which are aimed to be completed by 2024, while the target for the nine high-impact projects costing Rs. 1,913 crore is by the end of this fiscal year(FFY 2022-2023).".

Source : Mint

Published On : November 10, 2022
IIT Kanpur
IIT Bombay
IIT Delhi
IIT Kharagpur

Correct Answer :   IIT Bombay

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay is the top educational institute in South Asia, as per the recently released QS Asia University Rankings 2023.

IIT Bombay bagged 40th position in the QS ranking followed by IIT Delhi which secured rank 46. The Asia University Ranking 2023 was released on Tuesday, November 8 by the international ranking agency - Quacquarelli Symonds.
A total of 19 institutes made it to the list of top 200 universities which include IIT Bombay (rank 40), IIT Delhi (rank 46), IISc Bangalore (rank 52), IIT Madras (53), IIT Kharagpur (61), IIT Kanpur (66) University of Delhi (85), IIT Rorkee (114), JNU (119), IIT Guwahati (124), VIT Vellore (173), University of Calcutta (181), Jadavpur University (182), Anna University (185), Chandigarh University (185), IIT Indore (185), BITS Pilani (188), Jamia Millia Islamia (188), and Amity University Noida (200).
A total of 118 institutes featured in the list are from India, China- 128, Japan- 106, South Korea- 88.

China's Peking University topped the list, the top 10 Asian universities are-National University of Singapore (rank 2), Tsinghua University, Beijing (rank 3), The University of Hong Kong (rank 4), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (rank 5), Fudan University, China (rank 6), Zhejiang University, China (rank 7), Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (rank 8), Universiti Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur (rank 9), Shanghai Jiao Tong University (rank 10)..

Source : NDTV

Published On : November 10, 2022
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Home Affairs
Ministry of Law and Justice

Correct Answer :   Ministry of Home Affairs

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has completed the Mother Tongue Survey of India (MTSI) with field videography of the country’s 576 languages.
“In order to preserve and analyse the original flavour of each indigenous Mother Tongue, it has been planned to set up a web-archive at the National Informatics Centre (NIC),” says the Home Ministry’s annual report for 2021-22.
What is the MTSI?
* According to the report, the Mother Tongue Survey of India is a project that “surveys the mother tongues, which are returned consistently across two and more Census decades”. It also documents the linguistic features of the selected languages.
* The report states that the NIC and the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) will be documenting and preserving the linguistic data of the surveyed mother tongues in audio-video files. Video-graphed speech data of Mother Tongues will also be uploaded on the NIC survey for archiving purposes.
How many “mother tongues” does India have, and what is spoken the most?
* As per an analysis of 2011 linguistic census data in 2018, more than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues.
* The category “mother tongue” is a designation provided by the respondent, but it need not be identical with the actual linguistic medium. After subjecting the 19,569 returns to linguistic scrutiny, edit and rationalisation, they were grouped into 121 mother tongues, the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, had earlier said.
* According to the 2011 linguistic census, Hindi is the most widely spoken mother tongue, with 52.8 crore people or 43.6 per cent of the population declaring it as the mother tongue. The next highest is Bengali, mother tongue for 9.7 crore individuals, and accounting for 8 per cent of the population..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : November 9, 2022
Rituraj Awasthi
Arup Kumar Goswami
S. Manikumar
P. V. Sanjay Kumar

Correct Answer :   Rituraj Awasthi

The Government of India on Monday(7th Nov 2022) constituted the Law Commission of India and appointed former Karnataka High Court Chief Justice "Rituraj Awasthi" as the chairperson.
* Centre also appointed former Kerala High Court judge Justice "KT Sankaran", Prof. Anand Paliwal, Prof. DP Verma, Prof. (Dr) Raka Arya and M Karunanithi as members of the Commission.
* The law panel has been lying vacant since the retirement of former Supreme Court judge Justice BS Chauhan in 2018.
* Justice Rituraj Awasthi was a judge of the Allahabad High Court and retired in July 2022 as the Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court.
* He had headed the HC bench which upheld the ban on wearing hijab by Muslim girls in government colleges in Karnataka.
* Rituraj Awasthi graduated in law from Lucknow University in 1986. He practised in civil, service and educational matters at the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court and has also worked as the Assistant Solicitor General of India..

Source : India Today

Published On : November 9, 2022
International Maritime Organisation
Food and Agriculture Organisation
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
World Meteorological Organisation

Correct Answer :   World Meteorological Organisation

Report titled ‘WMO Provisional State of the Global Climate 2022’ released (November 6, 2022) by the World Meteorological Organisation has stated that the rate of sea level rise has doubled since 1993.

The report was released at the 27th Conference of Parties at UNFCCC. WMO is a specialized agency of the UN. It is responsible for promoting international cooperation in atmospheric science, climatology, hydrology, and geophysics.
Warmest years :
* The past eight years were the warmest in record. This was caused because of the ever-increasing greenhouse gas concentration and accumulated heat.

* The global mean temperature in 2022 is around 1.15°C above the 1850-1900 pre-industrial average, ranging between 1.02°C to 1.28°C.

* This is close to 1.5°C – the lower limit set by the 2015 Paris Agreement mandate. The upper limit is 2°C.

* 2022 is slightly cooler when compared with the past few years because of the rare phenomenon of triple-dip cooling La Niña. This is likely to be 6th or 7th warmest year ever recorded.

* However, this temporary cooling will be reversed, leading to the occurrence of another warmest year.

Ocean heat and Sea Level Rise :
* Ocean heat was has risen to a record level in 2021 (the latest year assessed). The last two decades recorded the highest rate of ocean warming.

* The sea level rise has doubled within last 30 years since 1993. It had risen by nearly 10 mm since the beginning of 2020 to a new record high in 2022.

* The past 2.5 years alone account for around 10 per cent of the overall rise in sea level since the satellite measurement started nearly 3 decades ago.

* The year 2022 witnessed a record rate of melting of glaciers in the European Alps.

* The Greenland’s ice sheet lost its mass for the 26th consecutive year. The region witnessed rain instead of snowfall in September 2022 for the first time.
* Several glaciers are destined to perish since their melting is irreversible. This will adversely affect global water security.

* With the ever-continuing global warming, sea level is raising half to one meter per century. This is a major long-term threat to millions of people living in coastal regions and low-lying states.

South Asia
* South Asia, including India, is one of the worst affected regions in 2022 due to climate change.

* The region topped the chart in the “selected high impact events” of 2022.

* Temperature in India and Pakistan during pre-monsoon period was exceptionally high.

* This year, Pakistan had its hottest March and hottest April on record, resulting in reduced crop yields. The country also experienced unprecedented flooding during the monsoon season, with July and August being recorded as the wettest months nationally. About 9 per cent of the area were inundated during the peak flooding. Over 33 million were adversely affected and 7.9 million were displaced. The economically weak and other vulnerable communities are the worst affected.

* High temperature, wheat export ban and restrictions on rice exports in India threatened the global food industry and caused food insecurity in countries that rely on these goods as staple food. The country witnessed over 700 deaths in 2022 due to flooding and landslides and over 900 deaths because of lightning.

* Bangladesh witnessed the worst floods in 20 years. This negatively impacted over 7.2 million people, with 481,000 people displaced.

Published On : November 9, 2022
Amit Shah
Arvind Kejriwal
Droupadi Murmu
Narendra Modi

Correct Answer :   Narendra Modi

PM Narendra Modi has unveiled the logo, theme and website of India's G20 presidency in New Delhi on November 8, 2022.

About G20 logo :

* Logo takes inspiration from India’s national flag – saffron, white and green, and blue.
* It juxtaposes planet Earth with the lotus (National flower), that reflects growth amid challenges.

Below the G20 logo, word 'Bharat' is written in the Devanagari script.

Theme : 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam' or 'One Earth One Family One Future'..

Source : Economic Times

Published On : November 9, 2022
New Delhi
Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer :   Maharashtra

According to latest data, released by Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI), Maharashtra (60), New Delhi (42), and Goa (28) have the maximum MF penetration in India.

Reason : High income levels, Higher literacy rates, and Substantial inflows from corporations and high-networth individuals (HNIs).

* While Jharkhand is one of the top 10 states with 13%.

* AMFI determines MF penetration as the ratio of state assets managed by MFs to their Gross State Domestic Product..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : November 9, 2022
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer :   Kerala

Kerala has launched a scheme to reimburse the expense incurred by the nascent startup ventures to procure technology licenses from government research institutions in the country to commercialise and scale up their products.
Under the project titled 'Technology Transfer Scheme', implemented through Kerala Startup Mission (KSUM), the government will reimburse upto Rs 10 lakh to startups purchasing or sourcing technology from government research institutions and working on them to develop products that could be commercialised.
KSUM CEO, Anoop Ambika, said this scheme will help startups in the State to gain greater access to know-how required for turning their ideas into marketable products.
KSUM, in a release said, it has invited applications from eligible startups to avail the benefits offered by the scheme.
"This is a highly rewarding scheme that will encourage our startups to innovate on their ideas without bothering about the cost involved," Ambika said.
As part of the fiscal support scheme, 90 per cent of the technology fee paid by startups to the research institutions from where technology licenses are purchased or sourced will be reimbursed..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : November 9, 2022
USD 100 million
USD 150 million
USD 170 million
USD 200 million

Correct Answer :   USD 100 million

UAE-based bank Emirates NBD on Monday(7th Nov 2022) announced an additional USD 100 million investment in its India operations, and added two more branches in Chennai and Gurugram.
The lender, having the largest presence in the Middle East region, has so far invested USD 300 million in the last five years of its operations in India in three tranches, its group head for international and group strategy, Neeraj Makin.
Its country chief executive for India Sharad Agarwal said its current presence is not as a wholly-owned subsidiary, which is preferred by RBI for units of foreign lenders, and added that its focus is on the corporate and trade segment and not the retail side.
Makin said it may add 2-3 more branches, including one in Kolkata, over the next 18 months and will definitely infuse more capital if it happens.
Agarwal said at present, its overall balance sheet stands at Rs 5,500 crore, which includes a loan book of Rs 3,000 crore and investment book of Rs 1,500 crore.

By FY24, it is targeting to take the overall balance sheet to USD 1 billion (Rs 8,000 crore), have a loan book of Rs 5,500 crore and Rs 2,500 crore investment book.
On the liabilities front, it depends a lot on the 3.5 million strong Indian diaspora in the UAE and the remittances which originate from there, he noted.
Makin said Emirates NBD is targeting the banking opportunities coming out of the growing trade between India and the UAE, and also along other corridors like India-Saudi Arabia, India-Turkey and other pockets where it has a presence..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : November 9, 2022
7th November
8th November
9th November
10th November

Correct Answer :   9th November

National Legal Services Day is observed on November 9, every year to commemorate the commencement of Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987. This act came into force on the same day in 1995.

On National Legal Services Day, legal awareness camps are held to bring awareness to people about the availability of free legal aid. Currently, there are six authorities or institutions that are established to provide free legal aid to poor and weaker sections of society. Here is everything you need to know about the day:
Legal Services Day History : The Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 was enacted on October 11, 1987. It came into effect on November 9, 1995.
National Legal Services Day was commenced by the Supreme Court of India in 1995. Their aim was to assist and provide free legal help and support to the weaker sections of society. The Supreme Court also wanted to commemorate the enactment of the Legal Services Authorities Act.
On September 12, 1998, the First Annual Meet of the State Legal Services Authorities (NALSA) was held at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. This meeting was presided over by Dr Justice AS Anand, the then Executive Chairman, NALSA, Justice SB Majmudar, Judge, Supreme Court of India and Chairman, Supreme Court Legal Services Committee, the Members of the Central Authority and the Executive Chairmen and Member Secretaries of the State Legal Services Authorities.
Aim : The aim was to examine the progress of on-going schemes which had been initiated by NALSA. Along with that decisions were taken to strengthen and streamline legal aid programmes in the country.
In 2021, there was a six-weeks long Pan India Legal Awareness and Outreach Campaign from October 2 to November 14. This included Door-to-Door Campaigns, Legal Awareness Programs, awareness through Mobile Vans and awareness through Legal Aid Clinics.
The year was also marked with ‘Legal Services Week’ observed from November 8 to November 14. According to the Ministry of Law and Justice’s official website, over 38 crore citizens were surveyed, interacted or made aware of their rights. On the Legal Services Day the same year, a national-level event was also organized by National Legal Services Authority. This marked the launch of the iOS version of the Legal Services Mobile Application. Along with it, there was also a launch of an online portal for filing Legal Aid applications, made accessible in 10 languages.
Legal Services Day Significance : Legal Service Day is commemorated to raise awareness among people about the various provisions under the Legal Services Authorities Act. It is also to remind them of the right of the litigants.
These free legal services are provided before Civil, Criminal and Revenue Courts, Tribunals or any other authority exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions.
National Legal Services Day also aims to empower the poor and disadvantaged sections of society to seek and demand justice services. As well as to enable key justice service providers to effectively serve the poor and disadvantaged..

Source : News18

Published On : November 9, 2022