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November - 2022 Current Affairs
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Ministry of Rural Development
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Correct Answer :   Ministry of Rural Development

Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) has signed an MoU with Gurugram-based Veddis Foundation to support setting up of effective governance systems under the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana - National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM), strengthen State capacities, establish innovative models and implement the national strategy for Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) and SHG convergence.
The partnership with MoRD and Veddis Foundation for three years is non-financial in nature.
MoRD signs MoU with Veddis Foundation under DAY- NRLM : 

* The MoU was signed between MoRD and the Gurugram-based Veddis Foundation.

* The MoU was signed by Joint Secretary Rural Livelihoods, Ms. Nita Kejrewal from MoRD, and Mr. Murugan Vasudevan, CEO, of Veddis Foundation.

* The meeting was chaired by Secretary, of Rural Development, Shri Nagendra Sinha.

* Joint Secretary Rural Livelihoods Ms. Nita Kejrewal said that working with various stakeholders with an aligned vision will help MoRD to improve.

* As per the MoU, Veddis Foundation will establish a PMU in the Rural Livelihood (RL) Divison of the Ministry of Rural Development for the next five years.

* Veddis Foundation has put in place PMUs in the State Rural Livelihoods Mission (SRLMs) of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Manipur.

* One of the initial focuses as part of the MoU is an annual report on the state of SRLMs in which various SRLMs are expected to be evaluated based on a ‘Governance Index’..

Source : PIB

Published On : November 12, 2022

Correct Answer :   2023

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Thursday(10th Nov 2022) said his government is aiming at making Odisha slum-free by the end of 2023.
* He launched a survey using drones to facilitate a process to provide land deeds to slum-dwellers in five municipal areas across the state.
* The land survey was taken in Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Berhampur, Rourkela and Sambalpur civic body areas under the state government’s ‘Jaga Mission’ programme.
* During an event here, Patnaik declared Hinjili and Digapahandi towns in Gajman district as “slum free” and dedicated 707 ‘Biju Adarsh Colonies’ in 33 urban areas.
* “All the slums in the state will be converted into model colonies and Odisha will be made slum-free by December 2023,” he said.
* Patnaik also stated that land rights will be given to 2.5 lakh slum families of the state by the next year.
* For the land survey using drones, the authorities of ‘Jaga Misson’ also signed an MoU with Tata Steel Foundation to identify slum dwellers and areas under the jurisdiction of the five municipal corporations.
* Tata Steel Foundation will provide technical support for the purpose, Patnaik said.
* Expressing happiness over the slum-free status of Hinjili, the CM’s constituency, and Digapahandi, Patnaik said the slum-dwellers are being provided land rights for their houses in ‘Biju Adarsh Colonies’ which are being built across the state.
* The CM claimed that the Odisha’s ‘Jaga Mission’ programme has got global recognition and applause from the Centre.
* Over 1.70 lakh families of slum areas in 105 cities and towns have so far been given land rights under the programme..

Source : The Print

Published On : November 12, 2022
Green Climate Fund

Correct Answer :   NIIFL

National Investment and Infrastructure Fund Limited (NIIFL) on Thursday(10th Nov 2022) announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) to promote and enhance Japanese investments into India.
“The MoU outlines a partnership framework between NIIFL and JBIC which is considering the establishment of a bilateral India-Japan Fund (IJF).

JBIC and the Government of India will invest in the India-Japan Fund, which will make equity investments in environmental preservation and low carbon emission strategies."
The fund will also enhance cooperation between the two countries by investing in strategic partnerships between Japanese and Indian companies and promoting business collaboration across multiple sectors in India.
“In addition, JBIC will consider providing debt financing under their Global action for Reconciling Economic growth and Environmental preservation (GREEN) initiative to investee companies of funds managed by NIIFL".
“We are delighted to partner with JBIC for this initiative. The climate sector and the energy transition in India will offer significant opportunities for investment and the India-Japan Fund, which is expected to be operational early next year, will participate in these opportunities and promote collaboration between Indian and Japanese companies. 
Through this partnership we aim to support the economic and environmental cooperation between India and Japan, which should translate to increased investment by Japanese companies and investors into India," said Sujoy Bose, Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer, NIIFL..

Source : Mint

Published On : November 12, 2022
PV Sindhu
Virat Kohli
Neeraj Chopra
Saikhom Mirabai Chanu

Correct Answer :   Neeraj Chopra

Olympic medalist, Neeraj Chopra has been appointed as the ‘Friendship Ambassador’ by Switzerland Tourism. To showcase and promote the adventurous, sporty, and stunning outdoors of Switzerland to Indian travellers.

* Chopra will share his experiences in the country to showcase it as the ideal destination for outdoors and the best destination for hiking, biking, soft and extreme adventure and of course snow sports, the board said in a statement.
* He was also visited the Olympic Museum in Lausanne, where he donated his gold-winning javelin.
* With this he hopes to encourage more people to take up the sport.
* Since 2017, he has been travelling in Switzerland to participate in competitions..

Source : Mint

Published On : November 11, 2022
Tamil Nadu
West Bengal

Correct Answer :   Jharkhand

Jharkhand Assembly 11th Nov 2022 has passed a bill to raise the total reservation offered to different categories to 77 percent.
The assembly passed an amendment to the Jharkhand Reservation of Vacancies in Posts and Services Act, 2001, raising the reservations for STs, SCs, EBCs, OBCs and Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in government jobs from the present 60 percent.
The bill proposes that the state will urge the Centre for changes in the Ninth Schedule of Constitution.
In the proposed reservation, local people of the Scheduled Castes (SC) community will get a quota of 12 percent, Scheduled Tribes (STs) will get 28 percent, Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs) 15 percent, OBCs 12 percent, and EWS barring those from the other reserved categories 10 percent.
At present, the STs get a 26 percent reservation in Jharkhand, while SCs get 10 percent quota.
The OBCs currently get a 14 percent quota in the state, and increasing it was an electoral promise of all mainstream parties in 2019, including the ruling alliance of JMM, Congress and RJD.
The bill was passed amid protests by MLAs of the BJP.
Chief Minister "Hemant Soren" termed the legislation a "suraksha kavach" (safety shield) for the state's people who foiled conspiracies by the opposition..

Source : NDTV

Published On : November 11, 2022
Life Science Data Centre
Indian Biotech Data Centre
Indian Biological Data Centre
Indian Life Science Data Centre

Correct Answer :   Indian Biological Data Centre

India's first national repository for "life science data", generated from publicly-funded research in the country, was unveiled here on Thursday(10th Nov 2022) by Science and Technology Minister "Jitendra Singh".
The 'Indian Biological Data Centre' (IBDC), established at the Regional Centre of Biotechnology here, has data storage capacity of four petabytes and is also home to the 'Brahm' High Performance Computing facility.
A data disaster recovery site has been set up at the National Informatics Centre, Bhubaneshwar.
Prof Sudhanshu Vrati, Executive Director of IBDC, said the life sciences data was till now stored in data repositories in Europe and the US, and a need was felt to house the data within the country.
The computational infrastructure at IBDC has also been made available for researchers interested in performing computational-intensive analysis.
Singh said that IBDC has started nucleotide data submission services via two data portals viz. the 'Indian Nucleotide Data Archive (INDA)' and 'Indian Nucleotide Data Archive - Controlled Access (INDA-CA)' and has accumulated over 200 billion (one billion = 100 crore) bases from 2,08,055 submissions from more than 50 research labs across the country..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : November 11, 2022
Vallabhbhai Patel
Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Correct Answer :   Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

National Education Day is commemorated on November 11 every year. It is to memorialize the birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Minister for Education in independent India.

The day celebrates his exemplary contributions to the field of education and institution building. National Education Day is marked around all educational institutions to raise awareness about the importance of literacy.
Many educational institutions hold workshops, seminars, essay writing, and other events to commemorate the day. This year(2022) is going to mark the 14th National Education Day in India.
National Education Day 2022 Theme : This year’s theme for International Day of Education is “Changing Course, Transforming Education.” The day will be commemorated with the aim to highlight the most important transformations that have to take place to realize everyone’s fundamental right to education. 
It will also aim to showcase how to build a more sustainable, inclusive and peaceful future.
National Education Day History : Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was elected as India’s first Education Minister in 1947. He was also inducted into the Constituent Assembly to draft India’s constitution. Under Maulana Azad’s tenure, several measures were taken to promote primary and secondary education, and scientific education, as well as the establishment of universities and promotion of avenues of research and higher studies.
In September 2008, the Ministry of Human Resource Development declared the birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to be nationally recognized as Education Day.

The day was to be commemorated to remember the contribution of Abul Kalam in laying the foundations of the education system in an independent India and for evaluating and improving the country’s current performance.
National Education Day Significance : Education is a fundamental human right. It is vital for every human being to have minimum education for a better life. National Education Day is commemorated with this value to make sure that every individual in India has access to education.
The day also helps raise awareness about the importance of education, especially when some parts of India are still struggling with issues like child labour and early marriages. This is of special importance for females, whose educations are overlooked more than boys..

Source : News18

Published On : November 11, 2022
Second Wednesday of November
Second Thursday of November
Second Friday of November
Second Saturday of November

Correct Answer :   Second Thursday of November

World Usability Day is observed annually on the second Thursday of November. It's also referred to as Make Things Easier Day and is being celebrated today, November 10, 2022.

World Usability Day is a one-day observance that aims at uniting communities of professional, industrial, educational, citizen, and governmental organisations for the shared goal of making sure that life's essential services and goods are easy to find and use.

Usability is a quality factor that evaluates a person's ability to utilise a product successfully and efficiently as well as how satisfied they are with the process.

The day promotes the principles of universal usability, usability engineering, user-centered design, and the responsibility of every user to demand better products.

The creation of user experience has been influenced by many people, not just engineers. Walt Disney is regarded as one of the earliest user experience designers. Disney dreamed of a world where advanced technology can be used to enhance people's lives. He was obsessed with creating enchanting, deep, nearly perfect user experiences.

Furthermore, Apple has also been a true pioneer in the user experience field from the release of the first iPod in 2001 through the iPhone in 2007.

World Usability Day History :  World Usability Day was established in 2005 by the Usability Professionals Association. The association was established in 1991 with 50 members and has since expanded to approximately 2,400 professionals worldwide.

These experts, stationed in different parts of the world, promote user experience (UX) concepts and approaches through annual international conferences, the 'Journal of Usability Studies' (JUS), and the 'User Experience Magazine'.

The foundational ideas of user experience can be traced back to Ancient Greece. According to National Today, there is evidence that Greek civilizations began utilising appropriate equipment in the construction of their tools and workplaces in the fifth century BC. Another significant player in the history of user experience design is Henry Dreyfuss, an American industrial engineer who wrote "Designing for People" in 1955, which essentially summarises user experience design.

World Usability Day2022 Theme : The theme for World Usability Day 2022 is 'Our Health'. The theme is intended to inspire individuals to study current and significant issues like the continuity of care, accessibility to treatment, telemedicine, systems for mental health, exercise, nutrition, and many more.

World Usability Day Significance : Celebration and education are the two main focuses of World Usability Day. It acknowledges the progress that has been made in designing usable goods and spreading awareness of how usability affects our daily lives. The focus of the day is improving how the world functions. The yearly celebration aims to engage the general public and propagate the usability message..

Source : News9live

Published On : November 11, 2022

Correct Answer :   Telangana

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights which is mandated to spread child rights literacy held a one day Orientation cum Sensitization programme on ‘Child Rights: Contemporary Challenges in Telangana’ in Hyderabad 9th Nov 2022 which was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Governor of Telangana and  Lt. Governor of Puducherry, Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan said that children are like flowers and they should be handled carefully with love and care.

She said, It is disheartening to see cases of sexual harassment of children. Saying that mere laws can't protect the children and the mind-set of society needs to change, the  Hon’ble Governer exhorted the parents to be a role model and mould the kids instead of just imposing conditions. “Happy and healthy children are the foundation of a progressive society” she opined.
The following issues were discussed during the workshop :
* Timely identification of children related issues.
* Lack of monitoring of Children Homes.
* Convergence and information sharing with all important stakeholders.
* Effective use of MASI portal.
* Emerging issues related to cyber safety of children.
* Child trafficking cases, knowledge sharing and their tracking for effecting action..

Source : PIB

Published On : November 11, 2022
8th Nov 2022
9th Nov 2022
10th Nov 2022
11th Nov 2022

Correct Answer :   8th Nov 2022

Sir David Butler, dubbed the “father of election science”, has died on Tuesday(8th Nov 2022) night at the age of 98. 
* He was born on the 17th of October 1924, Butler became a diligent student of philosophy, politics, and economics at New College, Oxford.

* His studies were disrupted when he was commissioned as a lieutenant to serve in the Second World War. Butler developed upon a long­forgotten Edwardian equation called “the cube rule” for his research on elections as an undergraduate.

* He discovered that he was able to estimate the total number of seats won from the polling numbers, enabling him to forecast the seats likely to be won by any party based on opinion polls.
* For the 1950 election, aged just 25, he was the in­house analyst on the BBC’s first ever TV election results programme, a job he retained until the 1979 election.

* Moreover, Butler gained recognition for his work on the swing concept—the percentage of votes that switch from one party to another between elections.

* In 1955, he introduced the swingometer to the BBC’s election night broadcast, which went on to become a staple of election coverage all over the world.
Born : 17 October 1924
Died : 8 November 2022

Source : Transcontinental Times

Published On : November 11, 2022