DISEASES
A)
IIT Delhi
B)
IIT Roorkee
C)
IIT Raurkela
D)
IIT Hyderabad

Correct Answer : Option (D) - IIT Hyderabad

Note : India's first Rapid electronic Covid-19 RNA Test kit that allows self-testing at home called 'COVIHOME' has been developed by a research group at the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IIT Hyderabad).

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A)
Platelets
B)
Erythrocytes
C)
Mast cells
D)
lymphocytes

Correct Answer : Option (D) - lymphocytes

Note : The HIV virus continuously invades and destroys T-cells  (lymphocytes). Eventually the body can't replace the T-cells fast enough, and the  immune  system  deteriorates.  When  the immune  system has deteriorated to the point that it is unable to fight off diseases, a person is diagnosed with AIDS.

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A)
plane
B)
convex
C)
concave
D)
plano-convex

Correct Answer : Option (C) - concave

Note : The mirror which is used by the ENT specialist (Otolaryngologist) is a concave mirror. Because the concave mirror combines all the rays from the object and focuses the object rays in the desired part of the eye.

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A)
the disease process occurs gradually over a long period
B)
the virus remains in equilibrium with the host without causing a disease
C)
viral replication is unusually slow
D)
All of the above

Correct Answer : Option (A) - the disease process occurs gradually over a long period

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A)
Nephrology
B)
Dermatology
C)
Rheumatology
D)
Paediatrician

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Dermatology

Note : A dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating the skin, hair, and nails.

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A)
Virion
B)
Capsid
C)
Envelope
D)
None of the above

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Capsid

Note : A virus is made up of a core of genetic material, either DNA or RNA, surrounded by a protective coat called a capsid which is made up of protein. Sometimes the capsid is surrounded by an additional spikey coat called the envelope.

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A)
Sulphur
B)
Calcium
C)
Carbon
D)
Phosphorous

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Sulphur

Note : Copper and sulfur are still widely used. Most other fungicides used today are organic compounds and thus contain carbon.

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A)
Microbes
B)
Infectees
C)
Pathogens
D)
None of the above

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Pathogens

Note : A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms. Some common pathogens in each group are listed in the column on the right.

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A)
U-235
B)
P-30
C)
I-131
D)
Co-60

Correct Answer : Option (C) - I-131

Note : Yttrium-90 is used for treatment of cancer, particularly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and liver cancer, and it is being used more widely, including for arthritis treatment. Lu-177 and Y-90 are becoming the main RNT agents. Iodine-131, samarium-153, and phosphorus-32 are also used for therapy.

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A)
H₅N₁
B)
H₇N₁
C)
H₇N₅
D)
H₇N₆

Correct Answer : Option (A) - H₅N₁

Note : Bird flu is caused by a type of influenza virus that rarely infects humans. More than a dozen types of bird flu have been identified, including the two strains that have most recently infected humans — H₅N₁ and H₇N₉

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