Correct Answer : Option (A) - HAL
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has showcased two space equipment built by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), to be used in the first unmanned development launch of India’s manned space mission, Gaganyaan. Announced by the Indian central space agency earlier today, this is the second crew module fairing (CMF) that ISRO has taken delivery of for Gaganyaan.
The CMF is a protective structure that surrounds the actual housing for India’s to-be space scientists, built to withstand extreme conditions of heat, pressure and atmospheric friction. The structure will be tasked with keeping astronauts safe during the egress, ingress and landing procedures of the Gaganyaan mission.
Unnikrishnan Nair, director of ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC), took delivery of the CMF structure, as well as a high-altitude escape motor Thrust-transfer Structure (HTS). The latter will be tasked with firing an escape motor to keep humans aboard the mission safe, and work towards transferring the requisite engine power to a crew escape module — in case of failure of any equipment aboard ISRO’s mission.
HAL and ISRO Highlights :
* According to sources, ISRO received the CMF structure, which included the thrust-transfer structure for the high-altitude escape motor (HTS).
* It should be emphasised that the HTS will be crucial in triggering an escape motor. Throughout the mission, this technology will keep the astronauts secure. In the event that a mission fails, the motor will aid in transferring engine power to the crew escape module.
* A CMF structure from Bengaluru-based Alpha Design Technology Limited was delivered to ISRO in June.
* The CMF that ISRO received from HAL will be used during the first experiment, even though both of these CMFs will be employed in some capacity.
About Gaganyaan Mission :
* Gaganyaan mission, which translates to “Sky Craft” in Sanskrit, is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft that is meant to serve as the foundational spacecraft for the Indian Human Spaceflight Program.
* Gaganyaan mission, India’s long-delayed first human spaceflight project, will lift off in 2023.
* The Gaganyaan mission will send humans to space.
* The Gaganyaan mission would undergo a variety of testing and development flights, according to ISRO chairman S Somanath, who spoke recently following the launch of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLVC-53 )’s mission.
Source : Mint