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Defence - General Knowledge Questions
A)
Rudram-II
B)
Astra-II
C)
Prithvi-II
D)
BrahMos-II

Correct Answer :   Rudram-II

India successfully test-fired an air-surface anti-radiation missile from a Su-30MKI fighter jet. The Rudram-II anti-radiation supersonic missile is developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

The flight test met all the trial objectives, validating the propulsion system and control & guidance algorithm. Rudram missile is the first indigenously developed anti-radiation missile designed to target enemy ground radars (surveillance, tracking) and communication stations in Suppression of  Enemy Air Defence (SEAD) missions.

The Rudram-II is the latest version after the mark-1 version was tested four years ago by Su-30MKI, the backbone of India's fighter fleet.

An indigenously developed solid-propelled air-launched missile system, Rudram-II is one of the finest and meant to neutralise many types of enemy assets. India currently operates the Russian Kh-31, an anti-radiation missile. The Rudram missiles will replace the Kh-31s.

"The performance of the Rudram-II missile has been validated from the flight data captured by range tracking instruments like electro-optical systems, radar and telemetry stations deployed by Integrated Test Range, Chandipur at various locations, including the on-board ship," a statement said.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated DRDO, IAF and industry on the successful test-flight of Rudram-II. The successful test has consolidated the role of the RudraM-II system as a force multiplier to the Armed Forces, he said.



The missile can be launched from a range of altitudes and can pick up enemy radio frequencies and signals from radars from a range of over 100 km. The missile can operate in Lock-On-Before/After-Launch systems. The internal guidance system of the missile allows it to direct itself toward the target after the launch.

Rudram-I :

The Rudram-1 version was test-fired from Sukhoi in 2020 off the east coast of Odisha. The Rudram-1 version has two seekers - A passive-homing head seeker, which can detect and classify targets over a range of radio frequencies and one Millimetre Wave (MMW) seeker that helps the missile to operate in different weather conditions.

The mark-1 version has a range of 100-150 km and can reach up to speeds of Mach 2 (two times the speed of sound). It has a launch altitude range of 1 km to 15 km.

In 2022, the Indian Air Force proposed the acquisition of the Next Generation Anti-Radiation Missile (NGARM) in a ?1,400 crore deal. Reports suggest the missile can be launched from the Mirage 2000 multirole fighter aircraft. Adani Defence has partnered with DRDO in mass-producing the Rudram-I missile..

Source : NDTV

A)
Israel
B)
United Kingdom
C)
United States
D)
Russian

Correct Answer :   Russian

The Indian Army is poised to elevate its air defense capabilities with the impending delivery of the Russian Igla-S Very Short Range Air Defense (VSHORAD) systems. This acquisition, featuring a technology transfer agreement between Adani Defence Systems and Technologies Limited (ADSTL) and Russia’s Rosoboronexport, represents a significant advancement in India’s defense preparedness.

What is Igla-S VSHORAD Systems?

The Igla-S VSHORAD system, a portable missile system, is specifically designed to counter low-altitude aerial threats, including aircraft, helicopters, and drones, in close proximity. Its integration into the Indian Army’s arsenal addresses critical gaps in the nation’s air defense grid. The procurement package includes 48 launchers, 100 missiles, and supplementary equipment such as night vision gear and a testing facility.

Progress Towards Self-Sufficiency in Defense Manufacturing :

A noteworthy aspect of this acquisition is the partial assembly of the Igla-S systems in India, underscoring a significant stride towards enhanced self-sufficiency in defense manufacturing. While the missiles are sourced from Russia, the local assembly of specific components signifies progress towards indigenous production capabilities, aligning with the government’s vision for Make in India initiatives.

Resolution of Payments Dispute and Streamlined Collaborations :

The anticipated delivery of the Igla-S systems in late May follows the resolution of a prolonged payments dispute between India and Russia, which had previously hindered several defense agreements. This breakthrough, facilitated through the utilization of national currencies, is expected to streamline future collaborations between the two nations and enhance bilateral defense cooperation.

Additional Advancements in Defense Capabilities :

In addition to the Igla-S acquisition, the Indian Army is gearing up to receive the initial delivery of one of two Israeli Hermes-900 Medium Altitude Long Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in the upcoming month. These advancements, combined with ongoing efforts to develop domestic defense systems, underscore India’s commitment to strengthening the capabilities of its armed forces and safeguarding its security amidst dynamic geopolitical shifts.

A)
Assam
B)
Meghalaya
C)
Rajasthan
D)
Uttarakhand

Correct Answer :   Meghalaya

The 7th edition of the India-France joint military exercise 'Shakti' is being organised at Umroi in Meghalaya.

This military exercise is being conducted from 13 to 26 May 2024.

The military exercise 'Shakti' is conducted between the two countries every two years. Its last edition was held in France in November 2021.

A)
HAL
B)
ISRO
C)
DRDO
D)
None of these

Correct Answer :   DRDO

India has successfully test fired Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) anti-submarine missile system off the Balasore coast of Odisha.

SMART is a next generation missile-based light weight torpedo delivery system. It has been designed and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

A)
Visakhapatnam
B)
Kochi
C)
Cuttack
D)
Chennai

Correct Answer :   Visakhapatnam

Indian Navy conducted 'Exercise Poorvi Lehar' off the eastern seaboard under the leadership of Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command.

Its objective is to evaluate the preparedness of the Indian Navy to deal with the maritime security challenges in the region.

The Eastern Naval Command is one of the three command-level formations of the Indian Navy. Its headquarter is in Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh).

A)
Nepal
B)
Thailand
C)
Bangladesh
D)
Philippines

Correct Answer :   Philippines

India on Friday (19th April 2024) delivered the first batch of BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines, in reflection of the growing military ties between the two countries amid China's military muscle-flexing in the South China Sea.

The supplies came over two years India signed a $375 million deal with the Southeast Asian nation to supply the weapon systems.

A C-17 Globemaster transport aircraft of the Indian Air Force (IAF) transported the missile and the launchers to the Philippines for the country's marine forces, official sources said.

Under the January 2022 deal, India will supply three batteries of the missiles, their launchers and related equipment.

It was the first export of the BrahMos missile by India.

A few other countries including Argentina have also shown interest in procuring BrahMos missiles from India.

BrahMos Aerospace Pvt Ltd, an India-Russian joint venture, produces the supersonic cruise missiles that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land platforms.

BrahMos missile flies at a speed of 2.8 Mach or almost three times the speed of sound.

India has been looking at further expanding defence ties with the Philippines against the backdrop of growing global concerns over China's increasing military assertiveness in the South China Sea.


Both India and the Philippines have been emphasising the need for peaceful settlement of disputes in the South China Sea and for adherence to international law, especially the UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea).

The twin sides are also favouring implementation of an arbitral award by a UN court on the South China Sea.

The UN's Permanent Court of Arbitration, adjudicating the Philippines' case against China's territorial claims in the South China Sea, ruled in favour of Manila. However, China refused to accept the verdict.

There have been growing global concerns over China's sweeping claims of sovereignty over all of the South China Sea, a huge source of hydrocarbons.

Several countries in the region including Vietnam, the Philippines and Brunei, have counterclaims.

As part of efforts to boost military ties with the Philippines, India has decided to post a defence attache to that country along with Ethiopia, Mozambique, Poland and Ivory Coast..

Source : Business Standard

A)
HAL
B)
DRDO
C)
ISRO
D)
Skyroots

Correct Answer :   DRDO

The long-range Nirbhay cruise missile was successfully test-fired off the Odisha coast on Thursday (18th April 2024).

The missile, also known as Indigenous Technology Cruise Missile (ITCM), is equipped with an indigenous propulsion system and the Manik turbofan engine.



The missile is indigenously developed by Bengaluru-based DRDO laboratory Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE).

The test was conducted by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.

This successful flight test also established the reliable performance of the indigenous propulsion system developed by the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE), Bengaluru.

During the test, all subsystems of the weapon performed as per expectations. The missile performance was monitored by several Range Sensors like Radar, Electro Optical Tracking System (EOTS) and Telemetry deployed by ITR at different locations to ensure complete coverage of the flight path.

The missile followed the desired path using waypoint navigation and demonstrated very low-altitude sea-skimming flight. The flight of the missile was also monitored by IAF Su-30-Mk-I aircraft..

Source : India Today

A)
DRDO
B)
HAL
C)
ISRO
D)
Skyroots

Correct Answer :   DRDO

A state-of-the-art Submersible Platform for Acoustic Characterisation and Evaluation (SPACE) was inaugurated by Secretary, Department of Defence (R&D) and Chairman DRDO Dr Samir V Kamat at Underwater Acoustic Research Facility, Kulamavu in Idukki, Kerala on April 17, 2024. The SPACE, set up by the Naval Physical & Oceanographic Laboratory of DRDO, has been designed as a premier testing and evaluation hub for sonar systems destined for Indian Navy onboard various platforms including ships, submarines and helicopters.

 The SPACE marks a milestone in naval technology advancement. It will consist of two distinct assemblages - a platform which floats on the water surface, and a submersible platform which can be lowered to any depth upto 100 m using winch systems. Upon completion of operations, the submersible platform can be winched up and docked with the floating platform.

 The SPACE will mainly be utilised for evaluation of complete sonar system, allowing for quick deployment and easy recovery of scientific packages such as sensors and transducers. It will be suitable for survey, sampling, and data collection of air, surface, mid-water, and reservoir floor parameters using modern scientific instrumentation. It will cater to the needs of data processing and sample analyses in modern, well equipped scientific laboratories heralding a new era of Anti-Submarine Warfare research capabilities..

Source : PIB

A)
Brazil
B)
Uzbekistan
C)
Germany
D)
Mongolia

Correct Answer :   Uzbekistan

Aimed at bolstering military collaboration with Central Asian nations, Army Chief General Manoj Pandey has embarked on an important four-day visit to Uzbekistan from April 15 – 18, 2024.

His itinerary includes inaugurating an IT lab established by India for the Uzbekistan Army and overseeing the fifth iteration of the Dustlik exercise, a joint endeavour between the two nations’ armed forces. Notably, both India and Uzbekistan are active members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO organization).

During his stay, General Pandey will engage with senior military leaders, including Uzbekistan’s Defence Minister Lieutenant General Bakhodir Kurbanov and Army Chief (Deputy Defence Minister) Major General Khalmukhamedov Shukhrat.

 
Source : Financial Express

A)
India-Zambia
B)
India-Uzbekistan
C)
India-Kazakhstan
D)
India-Afghanistan

Correct Answer :   India-Uzbekistan

The fifth edition of the India-Uzbekistan Joint Military Exercise DUSTLIK is set to commence on April 15, 2024, in Termez District, Uzbekistan. This exercise marks another milestone in the strategic partnership between the two nations, fostering mutual cooperation and enhancing military capabilities.

Overview of Exercise DUSTLIK 2024 :

Participating contingents from the Indian Armed Forces and the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan will undergo joint training sessions during the two-week-long exercise. The focus will be on sharing best practices in subconventional operations under UN mandates, aiming to bolster operational effectiveness and coordination between the two armies.

Previous Editions and Objectives :

The fourth edition of the joint military exercise took place on February 20 last year at the Foreign Training Node, Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand. It emphasized the exchange of expertise and experiences, particularly in areas relevant to peacekeeping operations. With 45 soldiers from each side participating, the exercise aimed at promoting positive relations and camaraderie between the Indian Army and the Uzbekistan Army.

Composition and Participation :

The Indian Army contingent comprises troops from an infantry battalion from the Garhwal Rifles Regiment, showcasing India’s commitment to the exercise and the partnership with Uzbekistan. Since its inception in November 2019, the DUSTLIK exercise has evolved as a platform for fostering military-to-military ties and enhancing interoperability between the two nations.