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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
Japan
B)
USA
C)
Brazil
D)
Indonesia

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Brazil


The 18th G20 Summit successfully concluded in New Delhi on 10th September 2023 with India handing over the Presidency to Brazil. In the closing ceremony, Prime Minister Narendra Modi handed over the ceremonial gavel to the President of Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva.

Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Modi expressed confidence that under the Presidency of Brazil, the G20 forum would be able to achieve the common goals. He also proposed a virtual session of the G20 forum at the end of November to review the progress of the agenda decided in this Summit.
 
After receiving the gavel, President of Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva appreciated India's efforts in leading the G20 presidency saying that India gave the voice to issues of interest to emerging countries. He welcomed the African Union as a full member of the group.
 

Speaking during the third session, namely One Future,  Prime Minister Modi raised the issue of reforms in the United Nations Security Council by emphasizing on a new global structure.

He also highlighted the need to expand the mandate of Multilateral Development Banks and to develop global standards to regulate crypto currencies. He urged the member nations to work towards the Green Development Pact, Action Plan on Sustainable Development Goals, and Digital Public Infrastructure..

Source : AIR

Published On : September 11, 2023
A)
Indore
B)
Delhi
C)
Kolkata
D)
Ahmedabad

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Indore


IIM Indore has entered into a game-changing partnership with the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The collaboration signifies a commitment to foster excellence and innovation in these critical domains.

The MoU, inked online on September 6, 2023, by Prof. Himanshu Rai, Director, IIM Indore, and Shri Ved Mani Tiwari, Chief Executive Officer of NSDC, is poised to redefine skill development, entrepreneurship, and research in India, aligning the visions of both institutions and leveraging their collective prowess to shape the nation’s skilling ecosystem.

IIM Indore’s vision is not just limited to academic excellence; it is about elevating livelihood opportunities and income levels for families and households across the nation. Prof. Rai emphasized that this collaboration is set to create a unique social impact model backed by pioneering projects that employ innovative approaches.


These initiatives will provide professional support to underserved regions, communities, individuals, and Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), thereby nurturing a skilled ecosystem primed for market success.

A cornerstone of this transformative MoU is its focus on robust research endeavors. “We will embark on joint research activities, encompassing surveys and qualitative research methods, to gain profound insights into industry dynamics and stakeholder needs”, he said. This synergy will identify industry trends, bridge gaps, and gather invaluable data to guide strategic decision-making..

Source : iimidr

Published On : September 11, 2023
A)
Philippines and Thailand
B)
United States and Vietnam
C)
Malaysia and South Korea
D)
United Kingdom and Japan

Correct Answer : Option (B) - United States and Vietnam


The United States and Vietnam have signed a deal on semiconductor supply chains to expand the capacity of the semiconductor ecosystem in Hanoi, in support of the US industry.

The White House in a statement, 10th Sep 2023, said that the US  recognizes Vietnam’s potential to play a critical role in building resilient semiconductor supply chains, particularly to expand capacity in reliable partners where it cannot be re-shored to the United States and further promote manufacturing and industry development at home under the US CHIPS Act.

The White House also said that a newly-signed Memorandum of Cooperation on Semiconductor Supply Chains, Workforce and Ecosystem Development will formalize this bilateral partnership to expand the capacity of the semiconductor ecosystem in Vietnam, in support of US industry.

The US and Vietnam also announced the launch of comprehensive workforce development initiatives in Vietnam that jointly develop hands-on teaching labs and training courses for semiconductor assembly, testing, and packaging.

The US government will provide initial seed funding of 2 million US Dollars to launch the initiatives, in conjunction with future support from the Government of Vietnam and the private sector.

After attending the G20 Summit in India, the US President departed for Vietnam and within a few hours of reaching there, he held a press conference where Biden discussed how China has been trying to change the rules of the game in various aspects, including trade..

Source : AIR

Published On : September 11, 2023
A)
7th September
B)
8th September
C)
9th September
D)
10th September

Correct Answer : Option (D) - 10th September


The World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is observed on September 10 every year and raises awareness about the far-reaching consequences of suicides. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, more than 700,000 suicides are registered worldwide every year.

This World Suicide Prevention Day also serves as a reminder that preventing suicides is a public health priority, and urgent actions are required to curb the increasing suicide rates. This day is an occasion to raise awareness about the mental health issues that could be behind suicides and the far-reaching consequences of taking one's own life on one's own family and society at large.

Theme : The theme for the World Suicide Prevention Day from 2021-2023“ is Creating Hope Through Action

This theme serves as a powerful call to action and a reminder that there is an alternative to suicide and that through our actions we can encourage hope and strengthen prevention.

Suicide is a major public health problem with far-reaching social, emotional, and economic consequences.

The combined efforts of the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) resulted in this day being established as a global observance. The day was established following WHO's 1999 campaign for preventing suicides worldwide.

On this day, IASP, WHO, and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) organise events to spread awareness about the societal stigmas that lead to suicidal thoughts and behaviour. This helps in early identification of such problems so that proper help can be provided. Therefore, World Suicide Prevention Day plays an important role in the initiative to curb the increasing suicide rates in the world.


Suicide rate in India :

According to the August 2022 data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a total of 1.64 lakh suicides were registered in India in 2021. The numbers are shocking as they show a significant increase of 6.1 cases per one lakh population compared to the 2020 figures. The suicide rate in India in 2021 was recorded at 12 per one lakh population as against the rate of 11.3 per one lakh population in 2020.

Moreover, this data is the highest since the start of reporting of suicides by the NCRB in 2021, and it's a matter of serious concern. The majority of suicides were reported in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, and Karnataka, as these five states accounted for a huge 50.4 percent of suicide cases recorded in the country.

Most of these suicides were fueled by the economic downturn during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Several factors like pay cuts, layoffs, and uncertain income spurred male suicides. The male-to-female ratio of suicide victims stood at 72.5 as against 27.4, respectively, which was significantly higher compared to 2020’s ratio of 70.9 against 29.1..


Source : CNBC

Published On : September 10, 2023
A)
Google Cloud
B)
Microsoft Azure
C)
GitHub
D)
Amazon Web Services

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Google Cloud


Google Cloud on Thursday (7th Sep 2023) announced its partnership with the government's computer emergency response unit CERT-In to train 1,000 government officials and provide 1 lakh cybersecurity certificate scholarships to learners.

The 'cyber force' of government officials will be trained in cyber defence best practices, including the use of generative AI, and conducting cybersecurity AI hackathons led by Google Cloud and Mandiant experts, the American technology giant said in a statement.

CERT-In Director General Sanjay Bahl said, "Cybersecurity is the cornerstone of our digital future, and harnessing the power of generative AI will help to stay ahead in this ever-evolving landscape.


The collaboration will ameliorate and crank up the generation of skilled manpower in the area of cybersecurity and generative AI in our country." Google Cybersecurity Certificates are taught by experts at Google and equip people with in-demand skills needed for jobs in cybersecurity, the statement said.

"We extend our gratitude to the ministry for their leadership and partnership. Together, we are facilitating essential skill development, and fostering collaborations to deliver new safe and secure services for Indians countrywide," said Google Cloud CEO Thomas Kurian..

Source : CNBC

Published On : September 10, 2023
A)
Australia
B)
Canada
C)
Switzerland
D)
United States

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Switzerland


Switzerland has once again claimed the title of the world's best country, according to the latest U.S. News & World Report's annual Best Countries rankings 2023.

This marks Switzerland's second consecutive year at the pinnacle and its sixth time overall as the No. 1 nation on the list. The rankings, released recently, reaffirm Switzerland's supremacy, closely followed by Canada at No. 2, Sweden at No. 3, Australia at No. 4, and the United States at No. 5. The United States has slipped one spot compared to its 2022 ranking.

In the 2023 rankings, European countries dominate the top tier, securing 16 of the top 25 spots. Notable shifts include Germany, which has fallen five spots since 2022, and Australia and New Zealand, both climbing three places year over year. The Middle East is represented by the United Arab Emirates, while Asia boasts Japan, Singapore, China, and South Korea within the top 25.

The rankings are developed in collaboration with global marketing communications company WPP and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Based on a global survey encompassing 87 countries and more than 17,000 respondents, these rankings evaluate countries based on 73 attributes such as dynamism, safety, economic stability, and commitment to social justice. Notably, Cyprus, Honduras, and Zimbabwe have made their debut in the rankings, while El Salvador rejoins the list after being absent in 2022.


Switzerland's enduring popularity is underlined by its consistent performance across various subrankings, securing a place in the top 25 for all 10 subrankings and ranking within the top 10 for half of them. Switzerland excels particularly in entrepreneurship (No. 6), quality of life (No. 6), social purpose (No. 8), and cultural influence (No. 8). It also claims the top spot for being open for business.

Meanwhile, the United States has slipped to the fifth position, despite steadily climbing from No. 8 to No. 4 between 2019 and 2022. The U.S. remains strong in several subrankings, such as entrepreneurship and cultural influence, largely attributed to the global appeal of President Joe Biden and his policies..

Source : Mint

Published On : September 10, 2023
A)
20th
B)
19th
C)
18th
D)
17th

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 18th


In the run-up to the 18th G20 Summit, a one-day conference themed "Transnational Grid Interconnections for One Sun, One World, One Grid (OSOWOG)" convened in New Delhi on 6 September 2023.

* The conference, spearheaded by the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), a 'Maharatna' company under the Ministry of Power, Government of India, sought to explore the potential of cross-border energy connectivity and collaboration, read the Ministry of Power press release.

* In a virtual address to the conference, Union Minister for Power and New & Renewable Energy, R. K. Singh, underscored India's commitment to leveraging transnational grid interconnections to harness solar energy efficiently, read the release.

* Singh emphasized that such initiatives, like OSOWOG, will enable nations to harness the abundant energy resources of the sun, particularly as the world transitions toward renewable energy sources, read the release.

* He highlighted that OSOWOG has the potential to make round-the-clock renewable energy more cost-effect, reducing the need for energy reserves and ultimately lowering electricity costs for the populace while ensuring energy access to millions who currently lack it, read the release.

* The Minister expressed his optimism, stating, "Once we have OSOWOG, no one will ever have to go without electricity. This will unite the world and ensure energy access to the millions of people who do not have access."

* The conference featured a distinguished panel of experts, both domestic and international, who provided insights into the significance of transnational grid interconnections.

* Waleed S. Alsuraih from The World Bank emphasized the potential for interregional grids' integration in the Middle East & Africa, highlighting the role of the Pan Arab Electricity Market (PAEM) in connecting South Asia via GCC, the European Union, and Africa, read the release.

* Pankaj Batra, Senior Advisor at IRADe, presented the ASEAN perspective, highlighting the complementary energy resources of SAARC, BIMSTEC, and ASEAN countries that can be tapped through transnational interconnections..

Source : Economic Times

Published On : September 10, 2023
A)
2023
B)
2024
C)
2026
D)
2028

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 2024


The G20 leaders on Saturday (9th Sep 2023) expressed their commitment to conduct discussions for having a "fully and well-functioning" dispute settlement system of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) by 2024.

Besides formulating norms for global exports and imports, the Geneva-based 164-member multi-lateral body adjudicates trade disputes among the member countries. The dispute settlement mechanism of the WTO has been derailed due to a non-functional appellate body since December 2019.

''We reiterate the need to pursue WTO reform to improve all its functions through an inclusive member-driven process, and remain committed to conducting discussions with a view to having a fully and well-functioning dispute settlement system accessible to all members by 2024," the G20 declaration said. It said that the leaders expressed commitment to work constructively to ensure positive outcomes at the WTO's Thirteenth Ministerial Conference (MC13).

MC, which is the highest decision-making body of the WTO, is scheduled to meet in February next year (2024) in Abu Dhabi.

There are two main ways to settle a dispute once a complaint has been filed in the WTO -

First : The countries find a mutually agreed solution, particularly during the phase of bilateral consultations;

Second : Through adjudication which includes ruling by a panel and if not satisfied, challenging that ruling at the appellate body.

The appellate body is the apex institution for adjudicating disputes. Smooth functioning of the WTO's dispute settlement mechanism hit a roadblock when the US blocked appointments of members in the appellate body (AB). Though the AB stopped functioning on December 10, 2019, the panels are still working..

Source : Devdiscourse

Published On : September 10, 2023
A)
Amit Shah
B)
Nitin Gadkari
C)
Rajnath Singh
D)
Narendra Modi

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Narendra Modi


India-Middle East-Europe' economic corridor including shipping and railway links will be launched soon. The first-of-its-kind economic corridor will be a historic initiative on cooperation on connectivity and infrastructure involving India, UAE, Saudi Arabia, EU, France, Italy, Germany, and the US.

Biden, Indian "Prime Minister Narendra Modi" and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen announced the project during the annual Group of 20 summit of the world's top economies. The project is part of an initiative called the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment.

The White House report stated that the rail deal will link shipping and rail lines from India to Europe through the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Israel.

"The 'India-Middle East-Europe' economic corridor is historic. It will be the most direct connection till date that will make trade faster," said Ursula von der Leyen, European Commission President, at the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment (PGII) and India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor programme at Bharat Mandapam.



 ‘An India - Middle East - Europe economic corridor will make trade between India and Europe 40% faster", Ursula von der Leyen added. Von der Leyen described the project as a “green and digital bridge across continents and civilizations." She added that it includes cables to transmit electricity and data.

The plans to build a rail and shipping corridor linking India with the Middle East and Europe is an ambitious project aimed at fostering economic growth and political cooperation.

“This is a big deal," said US President Joe Biden. “This is a really big deal."

The corridor would help to boost trade, transport energy resources and improve digital connectivity. It would include India, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Israel and the European Union, said Jake Sullivan, Biden's national security adviser..

Source : Mint

Published On : September 10, 2023
A)
Ministry of Culture
B)
Ministry of Finance
C)
Ministry of Corporate Affairs
D)
Ministry of Home Affairs

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Ministry of Culture


On the eve of the G20 leadership summit, the culture ministry on Friday (8th September 2023) launched a portal of the mega exhibition—‘Bharat: The Mother of Democracy’—to be held at Bharat Mandapam for global leaders attending the conference.

The content on the history of democracy in India showcasing 7,000 years of democratic ethos starting from the Sindhu-Saraswati civilisation to 2019 is available in 16 languages including German, French, Spanish, Arabic, Portuguese, Italian, Turkish, and Russian besides English and Hindi.

The portal is divided into five sections and 22 sub-sections starting from Sindhu-Saraswati Civilisation (6000-2000BCE), Mahajanapada and Gantantra (7-8 BCE), Vijaynagar Empire (14-16 century), and Mughal emperor Akbar reign (1556-1605) to Constitution of India (1947) and Elections in Modern India (1952 onwards). Each section has a brief with images.    

The visitors can also download a brochure in the language of their choice. The catalogue also has the message of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The website-- www.motherofdemocracyg20.com-- is curated by the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), which is a centre for research, academic pursuit and dissemination in the field of the arts under the ministry.

“In Bharat that is India, the view or the will of the people in governance has been the central part of life since earliest recorded history…According to the Indian ethos, democracy comprises the values of harmony, freedom of choice, freedom to hold multiple ideas, acceptability, equality, governance for the welfare of the people, and inclusivity in society. All of these allow its common citizens to lead a dignified life,” states the introduction of the portal..

Source : New Indian Express

Published On : September 10, 2023