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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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IIT Delhi
IIT Mumbai
IIT Roorkee
IIT Kharagpur

Correct Answer : Option (C) - IIT Roorkee

The MoU will be signed between the relief commissioner’s office and IIT Roorkee on the instructions of CM Adityanath with the aim to minimise casualties and shift people to safe places before the disaster strikes.

In a move aimed at bolstering disaster preparedness and mitigation efforts, the Uttar Pradesh government is set to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR) for enhanced disaster management. The MoU will be signed between the relief commissioner’s office and IIT Roorkee on the instructions of chief minister Yogi Adityanath with the aim to minimise casualties and shift people to safe places before the disaster strikes.

Under the proposed collaboration, IIT Roorkee’s seasoned professionals will impart specialised training to personnel at the relief commissioner’s office, equipping them with advanced skills and techniques in disaster management. Additionally, the institute will conduct comprehensive research to identify the root causes of prevalent disasters, enabling proactive measures to be implemented.

The impending MoU signifies a significant step towards fortifying the state’s resilience against natural calamities over the next five years, during which IIT Roorkee’s experts will spearhead critical research initiatives and capacity-building exercises, according to a UP government press release.

Moreover, IIT Roorkee’s involvement extends beyond disaster management to include assistance in land consolidation matters, said relief commissioner GS Naveen. Leveraging their technical acumen, experts from the institution will facilitate the resolution of land consolidation disputes, offering invaluable support in surveying and land measurement activities, he pointed out.

Through workshops, seminars, and training programs, this collaborative endeavor aims to foster innovation and develop bespoke solutions tailored to UP’s unique challenges. The MoU framework ensures equitable distribution of intellectual property rights, further enhancing the partnership’s transparency and effectiveness in driving sustainable disaster risk reduction measures..

Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : February 14, 2024
Tamil Nadu

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Odisha

The Odisha government has declared the Gupteswar forest in Koraput district as its fourth Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS).

The forest is adjacent to the Gupteswar Shiva temple in the Dhondrakhol reserve forest under the Jeypore forest division.

Earlier, the State government had declared Mandasaru in Kandhamal district, Mahendragiri in Gajpati, and Gandhamardan in Bargarh and Bolangir districts as Biodiversity Heritage Sites.

The Gupteswar forest site spread over 350 hectares of area is having sacred grooves traditionally worshiped by the local community and bestowed with a wide range of flora and fauna.

As per the biodiversity inventory and survey conducted by the Odisha Biodiversity Board, the site has 608 faunal species including 28 species of mammals, 188 species of birds, 18 species of amphibia, 48 species of reptiles, 45 species of pisces, 141 species of butterflies, 43 species of moths, 30 species of spiders, six species of scorpion, and 20 species of lower invertebrates.

“Significant faunal species such as mugger, kanger valley rock gecko, sacred grove bush frog, and avifauna like black baza, Jerdon’s baza, Malabar trogon, common hill myna, white-bellied woodpecker, and banded bay cuckoo have also been documented,” says the government.

The limestone caves of Gupteswar boast of eight species of bats out of the total 16 species found in southern Odisha.

“This site also has a rich floral diversity, including 182 species of trees, 76 species of shrubs, 177 species of herbs, 69 species of climbers, 14 species of orchids and threatened medicinal plants such as Indian trumpet tree, Indian snake root, Cumbi gum tree, garlic pear tree, Chinese fever vine, Rohituka tree, Jodpakli, Indian jointfir, a number of wild crop relatives of ginger and turmeric,” it said.

The State government has asked the Odisha Biodiversity Board to prepare a long-term plan for intensive conservation and development of these sites through direct participation of the local communities. An amount of ?35 lakh has been provided for preparation of the action plan and awareness building activities in the localities, the government said in a statement..

Source : The Hindu

Published On : February 14, 2024
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Odisha

The Odisha Cabinet on Monday (12th Feb 2024) approved the SWAYAM scheme, which is meant to provide interest-free loans to unemployed youths. However, the scheme has been rebranded for fresh launching and it is, in fact, a scheme of the Central Government, the BJP alleged on Tuesday (13th Feb 2024).

The State Government has tried to hijack yet another scheme of the Central Government. The scheme is to be launched soon ahead of general elections just to bias the youngsters and to grab votes, the party alleged.

“The programme through which the State Government will provide interest-free loans originally belongs to the Central Government. The Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises has a provision for granting loans up to a maximum limit of Rs 5 crore. Instead, the State Government has limited it to Rs 1 lakh only,” BJP State spokesperson Anil Biswal told mediapersons.

“Besides, the ruling party has failed in keeping its words. In its manifestoes during the 2009, 2014 and 2019 general elections, the BJD Government had committed to provide jobs to around 56 lakh unemployed youths which was subsequently not kept. The recently-announced assistance of Rs 1,000 each to the public distribution system (PDS) beneficiaries is in a sense ‘bribe’ to prospective voters,” Biswal added.

Notably, the Odisha Government has announced the launch of a scheme ‘Swatantra Yuva Udyami (SWAYAM)’ to promote self-employment opportunities among the young population in the State..

Source : Daily Pioneer

Published On : February 14, 2024
Paris, France
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
New York, United States
London, United Kingdom

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Dubai, United Arab Emirates

World Government Summit 2024, Dubai has unveiled groundbreaking agreements to introduce the world’s inaugural air taxi service, setting a new standard in urban transportation. This initiative, centered around the innovative Joby Aviation S4 aircraft, promises to revolutionize Dubai’s cityscape with its electric-powered, environmentally friendly design.

Key Features of the Joby Aviation S4 :

* Capacity : Designed to comfortably accommodate four passengers and a pilot.
* Propulsion : Equipped with six propellers powered by four battery packs.
* Range : Boasts a maximum range of 161 km and a top speed of 321 km per hour.
* Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) : Ideal for urban settings, minimizing space requirements and noise pollution.
* Sustainability : Zero operating emissions and swift recharge between flights.

Benefits of the Air Taxi Project :

* Reduced noise levels and enhanced passenger convenience.
* Sustainable and eco-friendly urban mobility solutions.
* Seamless integration into Dubai’s urban landscape.
* Commencement of operations slated for 2026, marking a significant milestone in Dubai’s urban mobility transformation.

UAE Signs Key Agreements on Investments and Taxation

* Alongside the air taxi initiative, the UAE, represented by the Ministry of Finance, has inked crucial agreements at the World Government Summit 2024, focusing on investment encouragement, taxation, and international cooperation.

Investment and Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements :

* Signed agreements with Kuwait, Bahrain, and Egypt, aimed at fostering investment protection and avoiding double taxation.
* Strengthening economic ties and promoting cross-border investment flows.

Source : AIR

Published On : February 14, 2024
Amit Shah
Piyush Goyal
Nirmala Sitharaman
Dharmendra Pradhan

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Dharmendra Pradhan

Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Minister of Education, Skill Development, and Entrepreneurship, inaugurated the National Conference on APAAR: One Nation One Student ID Card in New Delhi. This conference aimed to emphasize the importance of the APAAR ID as a universally recognized document for students across the nation. Pradhan highlighted the significance of Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) and their proliferation, both globally and within India, with 19 established DPIs in the country.

Key Points :

1. Significance of APAAR ID :

Dharmendra Pradhan stressed the significance of the APAAR ID as a prestigious and internationally recognized document for students nationwide.
* The APAAR ID aims to streamline student identification processes and enhance accessibility to educational services.

2. Growth of Digital Public Infrastructures :

* Pradhan highlighted the proliferation of Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) globally, with 53 such infrastructures across 16 countries.
* India has established 19 DPIs, reflecting the country’s commitment to leveraging digital technologies in education.

3. Role of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 :

* The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 was lauded for its facilitation of seamless integration and migration provisions within the education system.
* NEP 2020 emphasizes the importance of competency attainment through skill development alongside traditional knowledge acquisition.

4. Aspirational Nature of Competency Attainment :

* Pradhan emphasized the aspirational aspect of competency attainment through skill development, aligning with the goals set forth in NEP 2020.
* The statement highlighted the need to foster a holistic approach to education that combines theoretical knowledge with practical skills.

Published On : February 14, 2024

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 5th

Five years ago, on February 14, 2019, India witnessed a horrific attack in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir. A suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden SUV into a convoy of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel, claiming the lives of 40 brave jawans.

The convoy, carrying over 2,500 jawans, was returning from leave or heading to deployment areas when the attack occurred. This dark day left the nation scarred, igniting outrage and a deep sense of loss.

Let's honour the brave soldiers who gave their lives for our country and those who passed away protecting us. Here's a collection of touching videos and powerful images to pay tribute to these Indian soldiers who are forever in our hearts.


The nation remembers the 40 CRPF personnel who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty. Their courage and dedication to protecting the nation will forever be in our memories. Here are 20 quotes that pay tribute to their bravery:

* In the face of terror, we stand together and remain determined to fight against such awful acts. Pulwama will always remind us to stay strong against terror.
* Pulwama is a sad part of our history, reminding us of the sacrifices made by our brave soldiers. We will always remember their bravery."
* Pulwama is a name that brings pain but also shows our resilience. By honouring the fallen, we promise to stand united against those who want to harm our country.
* The Pulwama attack was a shock to our peace, but it couldn't shake our nation's determination. We remember, we mourn, and we stay strong.
* Pulwama is a clear sign of the sacrifices our soldiers make. Their bravery guides our commitment to protect our nation.
* On the Pulwama anniversary, we honour the heroes who gave their lives. Their sacrifice motivates us to create a future without terror.
* Pulwama is a painful memory, but it also shows how strong our nation is. We remember and honour those who died.
* As we think of the Pulwama attack, we unite against those who threaten our peace. The bravery of our armed forces is our guiding light.
* Pulwama reminds us of the bravery of our soldiers who sacrificed everything. Today, we remember and pay tribute to their commitment to our nation.
* The pain of Pulwama is deep, but so is our commitment to peace and unity. We stand together against terror.
* Pulwama shows us that freedom comes with a price. We salute the bravery of our soldiers who faced danger with courage. We'll never forget their sacrifice.
* Pulwama reminds us of the challenges our nation faces. We honour the brave soldiers we lost and vow to protect our peace.
* Pulwama showed us the heroism of our soldiers. Today, we honour their sacrifice and renew our pledge to defend our nation.
* On this day, we remember Pulwama and honour the bravery of our soldiers. Their sacrifice will always be remembered.
* Pulwama is a painful memory, but we pay tribute to the fallen heroes and promise to protect our nation.
* After Pulwama, we stand united, remembering the sacrifices of our brave soldiers. Their bravery will inspire generations.
* Pulwama was a tragedy, but it couldn't break our spirit. Today, we remember and pay tribute to the heroes who defended our peace bravely.
* On the Pulwama anniversary, we solemnly remember the sacrifice of our soldiers. Their courage continues to inspire us.
* Pulwama is a painful scar, but it shows our nation's spirit. We honour the fallen heroes who fought against terror.
* In the darkness of Pulwama, the heroes showed us the strength of our unity. Today, we remember their sacrifice and renew our commitment to a safer, stronger India.
* The Pulwama attack serves as a stark reminder of the sacrifices made by our brave security personnel. We must honour their memory by promoting peace, unity, and a strong fight against terrorism. Let their courage inspire us to build a safer and more secure future for all..

Source : India Today

Published On : February 14, 2024
Arunachal Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Assam

Assam, the state government has officially declared kaji nemu (Citrus limon), a variety of lemon unique to the region, as the ‘State Fruit’. The announcement was made by State Agriculture Minister Atul Bora, following a Cabinet meeting on February 12, underscoring the fruit’s cultural, traditional, and nutritional significance to the state and its people.

Cultural and Nutritional Gem of Assam

Kaji nemu, known for its juicy, aromatic nature, and immense nutritional value, holds a special place in Assam’s agricultural landscape. This citrus fruit, exclusive to Assam and parts of the northeast, is celebrated for its unique aroma and antioxidant properties, which have long enriched local cuisines and traditional practices.

A Boost for Local Farmers and Global Recognition

The decision to declare kaji nemu as the State Fruit comes as a strategic move to spotlight this agricultural jewel on the global stage. Assam has a dedicated community of farmers specializing in the cultivation of kaji nemu, with its demand steadily rising, especially in West Asian markets. The fruit’s ability to be produced throughout the year, peaking in two seasons, adds to its appeal and potential for boosting local economy and self-dependency in agricultural production.

Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma took to X to express his optimism about the announcement, stating, “With today’s announcement, it is set to shine on the global fruit map, boosting self-dependency & production.” This initiative is expected to further propel the Assam lemon into international markets, enhancing its recognition and demand.

Geographical Indication Tag

Adding to its accolades, kaji nemu received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2019, a testament to its unique quality and geographical origin. The GI tag not only protects the exclusive nature of the fruit but also assures a premium position in both national and international markets.

A Tradition of State Symbols

The declaration of kaji nemu as the State Fruit is part of Assam’s tradition of recognizing its natural heritage through state symbols. In February 2016, the Assam government declared the one-horned rhino as the State Animal, the white-winged wood duck as the State Bird, the hollong as the State Tree, and the foxtail orchid as the State Flower. These symbols play a crucial role in conservation efforts and in raising awareness about the state’s rich biodiversity.

Published On : February 14, 2024

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Cricket

Former India skipper Dattajiro Krishnarao Gaekwad also known as DK Gaekwad passed away at the age of 95 years on Tuesday (13th Feb 2024) morning. He was known as oldest living Indian cricketer before his death.

Gaekwad represented Baroda in the first-class cricket and under his leadership the team won the Ranji title back in the 1957-58 season. He became the oldest living Indian cricketer after the sad demise of Deepak Shodhan who passed away at the age of 87 years.

"The BCCI expresses its profound grief at the passing away of Dattajirao Gaekwad, former India captain and India's oldest Test cricketer. He played in 11 Tests and led the team during India's Tour of England in 1959. Under his captaincy, Baroda also won the Ranji Trophy in the 1957-58 season, beating Services in the final. The Board expresses its heartfelt condolences to Gaekwad's family, friends, and admirers," BCCI posted on X.

DK Gaekwad made his international debut in 1952. In the nine years of his international career he represented the country in 11 Test matches and scored 380 runs at an average of 18.42 with one fifty to his name.

The right-hand batter played a total of 110 games in first-class cricket where he went on to score 5788 runs at an average of 36.40 with 17 tons and 23 fifties. .

Source : DT Next

Published On : February 14, 2024
Narendra Modi
Draupadi Murmu
S Jaishankar
Rajnath Singh

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Narendra Modi

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, announced (13th Feb 2024) the launch of rooftop solar scheme for free electricity - PM Surya Ghar Muft Bijli Yojana.

The Prime Minister posted on X :

"In order to further sustainable development and people’s wellbeing, we are launching the PM Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana. This project, with an investment of over Rs. 75,000 crores, aims to light up 1 crore households by providing up to 300 units of free electricity every month."

"From substantive subsidies, which will be given directly to people’s bank accounts, to heavily concessional bank loans, the Central Government will ensure that there is no cost burden on the people. All stakeholders will be integrated to a National Online Portal which will further convenience."

"In order to popularise this scheme at the grassroots, Urban Local Bodies and Panchayats shall be incentivised to promote rooftop solar systems in their jurisdictions. At the same time, the scheme will lead to more income, lesser power bills and employment generation for people."

"Let’s boost solar power and sustainable progress. I urge all residential consumers, especially youngsters, to strengthen the PM - Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana by applying at-"

Source : PIB

Published On : February 14, 2024
February 10th
February 11th
February 12th
February 13th

Correct Answer : Option (D) - February 13th

February 13, 2024 marks the 145th birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu, a distinguished figure in India’s struggle for independence and a celebrated poet known as the “Nightingale of India.” This day is also recognized as the National Women’s Day as she played a pivotal role in advocating for women’s rights.

Born into a Bengali family in Hyderabad in 1879, Sarojini Naidu’s contributions to Indian politics, literature, and women’s rights are remembered and celebrated across the nation. As the first Governor of the United Provinces and a prominent poet, Naidu’s contributions have left an indelible mark on India’s history. Let us delve into the life and legacy of this remarkable woman.

Key Details About Sarojini Naidu :

* Date of birth: 13th February 1879
* Place of Birth: Sarojini Chattopadhyay
* Spouse: Govindarajulu Naidu
* Children: 5
* Nicknames : “Nightingale of India,” “Bharata Kokila” and “ Bulbul-e-Hind”
* Death: 2nd March 1949
* Place of Death: Hyderabad, British State

Sarojini Naidu – Early Life :

Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad, into a Bengali family. Her father, Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, was a distinguished scholar and the principal of Nizam College. From a young age, Naidu exhibited exceptional academic prowess, passing her matriculation examination with the highest rank at the age of twelve.

Sarojini Naidu – Educational Life :

Naidu pursued her higher education in England, attending King’s College, London, and later Girton College, Cambridge. Immersed in the intellectual milieu of Britain, she encountered the suffragist movement and became acquainted with the Aesthetic and Decadent artistic movements.

Sarojini Naidu – Marriage Life and Family :

In 1898, Naidu married Govindaraju Naidu, a physician she met during her time in England. Their marriage, an inter-caste union, was considered groundbreaking and scandalous at the time. Despite societal challenges, their union was harmonious, blessed with five children. Their daughter Padmaja, like her mother, became actively involved in India’s struggle for independence.

Literary and Political Career of Sarojini Naidu :

Naidu’s literary prowess earned her the title of the “Nightingale of India.” Her poetry, characterized by vivid imagery and lyrical quality, resonated deeply with the Indian nationalist sentiment. Published in 1912, “In the Bazaars of Hyderabad” remains one of her most celebrated works.

Simultaneously, Naidu emerged as a prominent political voice, advocating for India’s independence and women’s rights. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance, she became a staunch supporter of the Indian National Congress. Naidu’s oratory skills and impassioned speeches galvanized support for the nationalist cause across the country.

Published On : February 13, 2024