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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

Current Affairs is a very important part of the overall preparation strategy for various Competitive Entrance and Government Recruitment Exams. Free Time Learning offers Today Current Affairs provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs for UPSC, IAS/PCS, UPPSC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, SSC, CGL, Railway, APPSC, TSPSC, KPSC, TNPSC, TPSC, UPPSC, MPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, UKPSC, MPSC, and other competitive exams.

Amit Shah
Piyush Goyal
Nirmala Sitharaman
Dharmendra Pradhan

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Dharmendra Pradhan

Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Minister of Education, Skill Development, and Entrepreneurship, inaugurated the National Conference on APAAR: One Nation One Student ID Card in New Delhi. This conference aimed to emphasize the importance of the APAAR ID as a universally recognized document for students across the nation. Pradhan highlighted the significance of Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) and their proliferation, both globally and within India, with 19 established DPIs in the country.

Key Points :

1. Significance of APAAR ID :

Dharmendra Pradhan stressed the significance of the APAAR ID as a prestigious and internationally recognized document for students nationwide.
* The APAAR ID aims to streamline student identification processes and enhance accessibility to educational services.

2. Growth of Digital Public Infrastructures :

* Pradhan highlighted the proliferation of Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) globally, with 53 such infrastructures across 16 countries.
* India has established 19 DPIs, reflecting the country’s commitment to leveraging digital technologies in education.

3. Role of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 :

* The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 was lauded for its facilitation of seamless integration and migration provisions within the education system.
* NEP 2020 emphasizes the importance of competency attainment through skill development alongside traditional knowledge acquisition.

4. Aspirational Nature of Competency Attainment :

* Pradhan emphasized the aspirational aspect of competency attainment through skill development, aligning with the goals set forth in NEP 2020.
* The statement highlighted the need to foster a holistic approach to education that combines theoretical knowledge with practical skills.

Published On : February 14, 2024

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 5th

Five years ago, on February 14, 2019, India witnessed a horrific attack in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir. A suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden SUV into a convoy of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel, claiming the lives of 40 brave jawans.

The convoy, carrying over 2,500 jawans, was returning from leave or heading to deployment areas when the attack occurred. This dark day left the nation scarred, igniting outrage and a deep sense of loss.

Let's honour the brave soldiers who gave their lives for our country and those who passed away protecting us. Here's a collection of touching videos and powerful images to pay tribute to these Indian soldiers who are forever in our hearts.


The nation remembers the 40 CRPF personnel who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty. Their courage and dedication to protecting the nation will forever be in our memories. Here are 20 quotes that pay tribute to their bravery:

* In the face of terror, we stand together and remain determined to fight against such awful acts. Pulwama will always remind us to stay strong against terror.
* Pulwama is a sad part of our history, reminding us of the sacrifices made by our brave soldiers. We will always remember their bravery."
* Pulwama is a name that brings pain but also shows our resilience. By honouring the fallen, we promise to stand united against those who want to harm our country.
* The Pulwama attack was a shock to our peace, but it couldn't shake our nation's determination. We remember, we mourn, and we stay strong.
* Pulwama is a clear sign of the sacrifices our soldiers make. Their bravery guides our commitment to protect our nation.
* On the Pulwama anniversary, we honour the heroes who gave their lives. Their sacrifice motivates us to create a future without terror.
* Pulwama is a painful memory, but it also shows how strong our nation is. We remember and honour those who died.
* As we think of the Pulwama attack, we unite against those who threaten our peace. The bravery of our armed forces is our guiding light.
* Pulwama reminds us of the bravery of our soldiers who sacrificed everything. Today, we remember and pay tribute to their commitment to our nation.
* The pain of Pulwama is deep, but so is our commitment to peace and unity. We stand together against terror.
* Pulwama shows us that freedom comes with a price. We salute the bravery of our soldiers who faced danger with courage. We'll never forget their sacrifice.
* Pulwama reminds us of the challenges our nation faces. We honour the brave soldiers we lost and vow to protect our peace.
* Pulwama showed us the heroism of our soldiers. Today, we honour their sacrifice and renew our pledge to defend our nation.
* On this day, we remember Pulwama and honour the bravery of our soldiers. Their sacrifice will always be remembered.
* Pulwama is a painful memory, but we pay tribute to the fallen heroes and promise to protect our nation.
* After Pulwama, we stand united, remembering the sacrifices of our brave soldiers. Their bravery will inspire generations.
* Pulwama was a tragedy, but it couldn't break our spirit. Today, we remember and pay tribute to the heroes who defended our peace bravely.
* On the Pulwama anniversary, we solemnly remember the sacrifice of our soldiers. Their courage continues to inspire us.
* Pulwama is a painful scar, but it shows our nation's spirit. We honour the fallen heroes who fought against terror.
* In the darkness of Pulwama, the heroes showed us the strength of our unity. Today, we remember their sacrifice and renew our commitment to a safer, stronger India.
* The Pulwama attack serves as a stark reminder of the sacrifices made by our brave security personnel. We must honour their memory by promoting peace, unity, and a strong fight against terrorism. Let their courage inspire us to build a safer and more secure future for all..

Source : India Today

Published On : February 14, 2024
Arunachal Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Assam

Assam, the state government has officially declared kaji nemu (Citrus limon), a variety of lemon unique to the region, as the ‘State Fruit’. The announcement was made by State Agriculture Minister Atul Bora, following a Cabinet meeting on February 12, underscoring the fruit’s cultural, traditional, and nutritional significance to the state and its people.

Cultural and Nutritional Gem of Assam

Kaji nemu, known for its juicy, aromatic nature, and immense nutritional value, holds a special place in Assam’s agricultural landscape. This citrus fruit, exclusive to Assam and parts of the northeast, is celebrated for its unique aroma and antioxidant properties, which have long enriched local cuisines and traditional practices.

A Boost for Local Farmers and Global Recognition

The decision to declare kaji nemu as the State Fruit comes as a strategic move to spotlight this agricultural jewel on the global stage. Assam has a dedicated community of farmers specializing in the cultivation of kaji nemu, with its demand steadily rising, especially in West Asian markets. The fruit’s ability to be produced throughout the year, peaking in two seasons, adds to its appeal and potential for boosting local economy and self-dependency in agricultural production.

Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma took to X to express his optimism about the announcement, stating, “With today’s announcement, it is set to shine on the global fruit map, boosting self-dependency & production.” This initiative is expected to further propel the Assam lemon into international markets, enhancing its recognition and demand.

Geographical Indication Tag

Adding to its accolades, kaji nemu received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2019, a testament to its unique quality and geographical origin. The GI tag not only protects the exclusive nature of the fruit but also assures a premium position in both national and international markets.

A Tradition of State Symbols

The declaration of kaji nemu as the State Fruit is part of Assam’s tradition of recognizing its natural heritage through state symbols. In February 2016, the Assam government declared the one-horned rhino as the State Animal, the white-winged wood duck as the State Bird, the hollong as the State Tree, and the foxtail orchid as the State Flower. These symbols play a crucial role in conservation efforts and in raising awareness about the state’s rich biodiversity.

Published On : February 14, 2024

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Cricket

Former India skipper Dattajiro Krishnarao Gaekwad also known as DK Gaekwad passed away at the age of 95 years on Tuesday (13th Feb 2024) morning. He was known as oldest living Indian cricketer before his death.

Gaekwad represented Baroda in the first-class cricket and under his leadership the team won the Ranji title back in the 1957-58 season. He became the oldest living Indian cricketer after the sad demise of Deepak Shodhan who passed away at the age of 87 years.

"The BCCI expresses its profound grief at the passing away of Dattajirao Gaekwad, former India captain and India's oldest Test cricketer. He played in 11 Tests and led the team during India's Tour of England in 1959. Under his captaincy, Baroda also won the Ranji Trophy in the 1957-58 season, beating Services in the final. The Board expresses its heartfelt condolences to Gaekwad's family, friends, and admirers," BCCI posted on X.

DK Gaekwad made his international debut in 1952. In the nine years of his international career he represented the country in 11 Test matches and scored 380 runs at an average of 18.42 with one fifty to his name.

The right-hand batter played a total of 110 games in first-class cricket where he went on to score 5788 runs at an average of 36.40 with 17 tons and 23 fifties. .

Source : DT Next

Published On : February 14, 2024
Narendra Modi
Draupadi Murmu
S Jaishankar
Rajnath Singh

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Narendra Modi

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, announced (13th Feb 2024) the launch of rooftop solar scheme for free electricity - PM Surya Ghar Muft Bijli Yojana.

The Prime Minister posted on X :

"In order to further sustainable development and people’s wellbeing, we are launching the PM Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana. This project, with an investment of over Rs. 75,000 crores, aims to light up 1 crore households by providing up to 300 units of free electricity every month."

"From substantive subsidies, which will be given directly to people’s bank accounts, to heavily concessional bank loans, the Central Government will ensure that there is no cost burden on the people. All stakeholders will be integrated to a National Online Portal which will further convenience."

"In order to popularise this scheme at the grassroots, Urban Local Bodies and Panchayats shall be incentivised to promote rooftop solar systems in their jurisdictions. At the same time, the scheme will lead to more income, lesser power bills and employment generation for people."

"Let’s boost solar power and sustainable progress. I urge all residential consumers, especially youngsters, to strengthen the PM - Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana by applying at-"

Source : PIB

Published On : February 14, 2024
February 10th
February 11th
February 12th
February 13th

Correct Answer : Option (D) - February 13th

February 13, 2024 marks the 145th birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu, a distinguished figure in India’s struggle for independence and a celebrated poet known as the “Nightingale of India.” This day is also recognized as the National Women’s Day as she played a pivotal role in advocating for women’s rights.

Born into a Bengali family in Hyderabad in 1879, Sarojini Naidu’s contributions to Indian politics, literature, and women’s rights are remembered and celebrated across the nation. As the first Governor of the United Provinces and a prominent poet, Naidu’s contributions have left an indelible mark on India’s history. Let us delve into the life and legacy of this remarkable woman.

Key Details About Sarojini Naidu :

* Date of birth: 13th February 1879
* Place of Birth: Sarojini Chattopadhyay
* Spouse: Govindarajulu Naidu
* Children: 5
* Nicknames : “Nightingale of India,” “Bharata Kokila” and “ Bulbul-e-Hind”
* Death: 2nd March 1949
* Place of Death: Hyderabad, British State

Sarojini Naidu – Early Life :

Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad, into a Bengali family. Her father, Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, was a distinguished scholar and the principal of Nizam College. From a young age, Naidu exhibited exceptional academic prowess, passing her matriculation examination with the highest rank at the age of twelve.

Sarojini Naidu – Educational Life :

Naidu pursued her higher education in England, attending King’s College, London, and later Girton College, Cambridge. Immersed in the intellectual milieu of Britain, she encountered the suffragist movement and became acquainted with the Aesthetic and Decadent artistic movements.

Sarojini Naidu – Marriage Life and Family :

In 1898, Naidu married Govindaraju Naidu, a physician she met during her time in England. Their marriage, an inter-caste union, was considered groundbreaking and scandalous at the time. Despite societal challenges, their union was harmonious, blessed with five children. Their daughter Padmaja, like her mother, became actively involved in India’s struggle for independence.

Literary and Political Career of Sarojini Naidu :

Naidu’s literary prowess earned her the title of the “Nightingale of India.” Her poetry, characterized by vivid imagery and lyrical quality, resonated deeply with the Indian nationalist sentiment. Published in 1912, “In the Bazaars of Hyderabad” remains one of her most celebrated works.

Simultaneously, Naidu emerged as a prominent political voice, advocating for India’s independence and women’s rights. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance, she became a staunch supporter of the Indian National Congress. Naidu’s oratory skills and impassioned speeches galvanized support for the nationalist cause across the country.

Published On : February 13, 2024
Reliance Foundation
All India Football Federation
None of the above

Correct Answer : Option (B) - FIFA

Aiming to significantly broaden the accessibility of football within the school setting for students, the Ministry of Education has embarked on a transformative initiative in partnership with the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). This initiative involves the distribution of 11 lakh footballs across the country in a phased manner, benefitting more than 1.5 lakh schools.

Inaugural Distribution by Union Education Minister :

* Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan recently kickstarted this initiative by distributing 6,848 footballs to 1,260 schools across 17 districts of Odisha under the Footballs for Schools (F4S) programme.
* The distribution ceremony, held on February 9, marks a significant milestone in the journey towards integrating football-related activities into the education system.

Expanding Reach Across States :

* The distribution of footballs was not limited to Odisha; it extended to several other states including Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu.
* This multi-state approach underscores the comprehensive nature of the initiative, ensuring its impact is felt across diverse geographical regions.

Gender-Inclusive Approach :

* Central to the programme’s ethos is its commitment to inclusivity. Regardless of gender, the initiative aims to seamlessly integrate football-related activities into the education system in collaboration with various stakeholders.
* This ensures that both male and female students have equal opportunities to participate and benefit from the programme.

Capacity Building through Master Training Programme :

* To enhance capacity building, the Ministry conducted a master training programme at three venues – Sambalpur, Pune, and Bengaluru.
* Approximately 300 physical education teachers and trainees from various educational institutions participated in these sessions.
* These participants are slated to become Master Trainers at the state level, further facilitating capacity building efforts across India.

Global Impact Through Football Training :

* The F4S programme is not confined to the boundaries of India; it aspires to make a global impact.
* With a vision to contribute to the education, development, and empowerment of around 700 million children worldwide through football training, the initiative transcends national borders.

Instilling Values Beyond the Field :

* Beyond imparting football skills, the programme seeks to instill essential values in students. By fostering partnerships at different levels, it aims to cultivate enthusiasm for the sport and lay the foundation for a lasting sports culture.
* Moreover, the programme emphasizes values such as teamwork, discipline, and fitness, contributing to the holistic development of students.

Published On : February 13, 2024
February 10
February 11
February 12
February 13

Correct Answer : Option (C) - February 12

Every year National Productivity Day is observed on February 12 as an integral part of the Indian Productivity Week which is observed from February 12 to February 18. Every year a specific theme is designated to celebrate the day.

National Productivity Day 2024 Theme :

This year's theme is “Artificial Intelligence (AI)- Productivity Engine for Economic Growth.” It highlights the crucial role of AI in driving a country’s economic growth and productivity. While the theme for 2023 was "Productivity, Green Growth, and Sustainability: Celebrating India’s G20 Presidency."

National Productivity Day History :

The National Productivity Council was a self-governing organization founded by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in 1958. On National Productivity Day, the NPC was founded and the significance of efficiency, creativity, and productivity is highlighted. The national institution was founded with the intention of advancing India's culture of productivity.

Significance of National Productivity Day :

The objective of National Productivity Day is to raise awareness of the value of efficiency, creativity and productivity. In order to optimise output and maximise the use of resources, it is essential to raise awareness of productivity. National Productivity Week and National Productivity Day are intended to create public awareness of the importance of improving the competitiveness, efficiency and quality of all facets of the Indian economy in order to make India a global leader.

Beyond just increasing output, another goal of the activities on National Productivity Day is to advance productivity as a "developing notion". The NPC aims to emphasize productivity as an all-encompassing concept that considers issues related to quality, the environment, and human resource development, among other things..

Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : February 13, 2024
1st Sunday of February
1st Monday of February
2nd Monday of February
2nd Sunday of February

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 2nd Monday of February

International Epilepsy Day, observed on the 2nd Monday of February each year, is a pivotal event in the global healthcare calendar that aims to unite individuals affected by epilepsy. Since its inception in 2015, the day has served as a platform for raising awareness about epilepsy, its diagnosis, treatment, and the challenges faced by those living with the condition. This year, the day was marked on 12 February 2024, underlining the ongoing efforts to foster community and support among epilepsy patients worldwide.

Understanding Epilepsy: A Global Perspective :

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. It is one of the most common neurological conditions globally, affecting approximately 65 million people. A significant majority, around 80%, reside in developing countries, highlighting a critical need for enhanced healthcare support and resources in these regions. The European Brain Council’s health economic data starkly illustrates the burden of epilepsy, with estimated costs escalating from 16.1 billion Euros in 2004 to over 21.2 billion Euros in 2010.

Prevalence in India :

In India, the prevalence of epilepsy ranges between 5.59 to 10 per 1000 individuals, translating to more than 10 million people living with epilepsy. The disparity between urban and rural prevalence rates is notable, with rural areas experiencing a higher incidence (1.9%) compared to urban locales (0.6%). This disparity underscores the need for targeted awareness and healthcare interventions across different demographics.

International Epilepsy Day 2024 Theme: “Milestones on My Epilepsy Journey” :

The theme for International Epilepsy Day 2024, “Milestones on My Epilepsy Journey”, emphasizes the importance of recognizing and celebrating personal achievements amidst the challenges posed by epilepsy. It encourages individuals to share their stories of success, resilience, and determination, fostering a supportive community where achievements are acknowledged and celebrated.

Historical Themes and Their Significance :

Past themes of International Epilepsy Day have ranged from addressing stigma and promoting inclusion to emphasizing visibility and celebrating life. Each theme reflects the evolving focus of the epilepsy community on both the challenges and the positive aspects of living with epilepsy. Notably, themes like “Stigma” and “Friendship and Inclusion” highlight the societal and communal aspects of epilepsy awareness, aiming to foster a more understanding and supportive environment.

The Importance of International Epilepsy Day :

Recognizing International Epilepsy Day is crucial for several reasons. It not only raises awareness about epilepsy but also helps to reduce stigma, improve the quality of care, and increase funding for medical research. Despite advances in treatment, one-third of individuals with epilepsy face challenges in managing their condition effectively, underscoring the need for ongoing research and improved therapeutic options.

Addressing Medical and Social Challenges :

The fight against epilepsy is not limited to medical treatment. The social implications, including stigma, discrimination, and human rights issues, pose significant barriers to individuals with epilepsy. International Epilepsy Day plays a vital role in bringing these issues to the forefront, advocating for better understanding, acceptance, and policy changes to support those affected by epilepsy.

Epilepsy Prevention Strategies :

Preventative measures play a crucial role in reducing the incidence of epilepsy. Strategies include promoting safety to prevent traumatic brain injuries, adopting healthy lifestyles to lower the risk of stroke and heart disease, ensuring vaccinations against certain diseases, and maintaining good hygiene to prevent infections like cysticercosis. These measures can significantly contribute to reducing the global burden of epilepsy.

Published On : February 13, 2024
Rajnath Singh
Nitin Gadkari
Piyush Goyal
S. Jaishankar

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Rajnath Singh

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh revealed (12th Feb 2024) a life-size statue of the late General Bipin Rawat, the nation’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), at TonsBridge School in Dehradun. The ceremony was attended by Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami. During the event, Rajnath Singh honored General Rawat, describing him as a brave soldier and a remarkable individual who will continue to inspire future generations.

In his remarks, the Defence Minister recalled an incident where General Rawat was injured by a gunshot at a remote border post in Jammu and Kashmir. This experience motivated General Rawat to enhance the Indian Army's operations near the Line of Control and Line of Actual Control during his tenure as Army Chief and later as CDS.

Singh praised General Rawat as a true embodiment of the country’s military ethos, emphasizing the unwavering dedication of soldiers to the nation's security, regardless of their origins.

Reflecting on General Rawat's final moments, Rajnath Singh highlighted the concept of 'Die with your boots on,' emphasizing General Rawat's commitment to duty until the very end. He lamented General Rawat's passing as a profound loss to the nation, noting that even in his final moments, he remained devoted to serving the nation.

The Defence Minister underscored the significance of General Rawat's appointment as the first CDS, hailing it as one of the most significant reforms in the country's military history. He stated that the establishment of this position demonstrates the government's commitment to strengthening the Armed Forces.

Singh emphasized the government's duty to uphold the dignity of soldiers and recognize their contributions. He praised Prime Minister Narendra Modi's leadership in honoring the bravery and sacrifices of Indian soldiers. The Defence Minister highlighted the government's efforts to equip the Armed Forces with advanced weaponry while also establishing the National War Memorial in New Delhi to honor fallen soldiers.

Commending the decision to install the statue within the school premises, Rajnath Singh stated that it aims to educate children about the valor of the Armed Forces and instill patriotism and dedication in them. He emphasized the importance of statues in society and culture, noting that they serve as sources of inspiration for future generations. Rajnath Singh cited figures such as Mahatma Gandhi, former President APJ Abdul Kalam, and General Bipin Rawat as examples for children to learn from and contribute to nation-building..

Source : DD News

Published On : February 13, 2024