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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
Vikalp Mathur
B)
Rashmi Govil
C)
Krishna Kumar
D)
Pushp Kumar Joshi

Correct Answer :   Rashmi Govil


Rashmi Govil, a senior HR executive at Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), is set to be next Director (Human Resources) of the state-owned firm.

Her name for the job was recommended by the Public Enterprises Selection Board (PESB), according to a notification by the government headhunter.

PESB interviewed 11 candidates, including five from IOC, before recommending Govil for the job, the notification showed.

She is presently Executive Director (HRD & ER) in IOC..

Source : The Hindu Businessline

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
66th
B)
67th
C)
68th
D)
69th

Correct Answer :   66th


India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) commemorated its 66th Foundation Day on January 1, 2024, marking a significant journey of innovation and self-reliance in the country’s defence sector. The day was celebrated with great enthusiasm and a renewed commitment to bolstering India’s defence capabilities.


Key Highlights of the Celebration :

* Tributes to Visionaries : The celebrations commenced with paying floral tributes to former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the “Missile Man of India,” and Dr. VS Arunachalam, the former DRDO chief. Their contributions to India’s defence prowess were remembered and celebrated.

* Chairman’s Address : DRDO Chairman Dr. Samir V Kamat addressed the DRDO fraternity, highlighting the organization’s achievements in 2023. He emphasized the successful delivery and induction of several critical systems, including missiles, radars, and communication equipment.

* Focus on Aatmanirbharta : Dr. Kamat stressed the importance of Aatmanirbharta (self-reliance) in defence production. He highlighted the record-breaking Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) accorded in 2023 for DRDO-developed systems worth over Rs. 1.42 lakh crore. This marked a significant step towards reducing dependence on foreign imports and strengthening India’s defence manufacturing capabilities.

* Launch of New Software : The Chairman also launched the Quantity-Distance Software developed by HEMRL Pune. This software automates the siting of explosives and related buildings, enhancing efficiency and safety in the armed forces.


DRDO’s Journey and Achievements :

Over the past 66 years, DRDO has played a pivotal role in developing and deploying cutting-edge defence technologies. Some of its key achievements include:

* Missile Systems : Development and production of strategic missiles like Agni, Agni-II, Agni-III, Agni-IV, and Agni-V, along with tactical missiles like Prithvi, Trishul, and Akash.

* Radar Systems : Development of advanced radars like 3D AESA radars, Swordfish, and Rohini, providing enhanced air defence capabilities.

* Electronic Warfare Systems : Development of electronic warfare systems like EW suites for aircraft and ships, radars, and jammers, ensuring information superiority on the battlefield.

* Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas : Development and production of the indigenous LCA Tejas, a multirole fighter aircraft for the Indian Air Force.

* Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) : Development and production of various UAVs for surveillance, reconnaissance, and target acquisition.


DRDO Future Vision and Challenges :

DRDO remains focused on developing future-ready technologies to address emerging threats. Some of its key focus areas include:

* Artificial Intelligence (AI) : Integration of AI in various defence systems for enhanced decision-making and automation.

* Hypersonic Technologies : Development of hypersonic missiles and vehicles for high-speed strike capabilities.

* Directed Energy Weapons : Research and development of directed energy weapons like lasers for precise and non-lethal targeting.

* Cybersecurity : Strengthening cybersecurity measures to protect critical defence infrastructure from cyberattacks.


DRDO’s 66th Foundation Day was a celebration of its remarkable achievements and a strong commitment to securing India’s future. The organization continues to strive for technological excellence, self-reliance, and a stronger India.

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
Ashok Khemka
B)
Vinay Sagar
C)
Vivek Srivastava
D)
Abhishek Singh

Correct Answer :   Vivek Srivastava


Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of Vivek Srivastava (IPS) as Director General of Fire Service, Civil Defence & Home Guards under the Ministry of Home Affairs on Friday (29th Dec 2023). He is a 1989-batch IPS officer of Gujarat cadre.

According to an order issued from the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT) on 28 December 2023, Srivastava has been appointed to the post for a period with effect from the date of joining the post and up to June 30, 2025 i.e. date of his superannuation or till further orders whichever takes place earlier. Presently, he is posted as Special Director in Intelligence Bureau..

Source : PSU Watch

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
Varanasi
B)
Lucknow
C)
Mathura
D)
Kanpur

Correct Answer :   Mathura


According to the defence ministry, Samvid Gurukulam Girls Sainik School, the first all-girls sainik school with a strength of about 870 students, has been inaugurated under the initiative of establishing 100 new sainik schools in partnership with NGOs/private/state government schools in all states/Union territories.

* These are in addition to the existing 33 sainik schools already functioning under the erstwhile pattern, the ministry said in a statement.

* "Samvid Gurukulam Girls Sainik School is a beacon of light for girls who aspire to join the Armed Forces and serve the motherland. Under the visionary leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the government has given women their rightful place in the Armed Forces, which was neglected for years," the defence minister said on the occasion.

* "They (girls) have the right to protect the nation just like their male counterparts. It was a golden moment in the history of women empowerment when we approved the admission of girls to sainik schools. Today, our women are not only flying fighter jets, they are also securing the borders," he said.

* Speaking about the importance of Mathura, he said that the sages of India have considered the global society as one family. "There is happiness in the name of Lord Krishna. Therefore, my mind is pleased in this city of Krishna," he stated.

* Singh said that in Vrindavan, even foreigners feel the divine presence and many of them settle down here.

* "They find peace in Vrindavan by worshipping Lord Krishna and Radha Rani. Even rickshaw pullers here greet with 'Radhe-Radhe'. 'Radhe-Radhe' is ingrained in the people's lives here. The military school here is not opened by me but on the orders of Radha-Krishna," the defence minister said.

* Singh had, in 2019, approved admission of girl children to sainik schools from academic session 2021-22 in a phased manner. The decision was taken following the success of the pilot project started by the defence ministry in Sainik School Chhingchhip in Mizoram..


Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
Kerala
B)
Odisha
C)
Maharashtra
D)
Gujarat

Correct Answer :   Gujarat


Drawing inspiration from the submersible expedition to the Titanic shipwreck in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gujarat government plans to dive into deep underwater tourism by signing an MoU with Mazgaon Dockyard Limited (MDL) to acquire a submarine.

* The initiative aims to provide unique underwater experiences in the untouched waters around Bet Dwarka, a small island near the existing Dwarka, and to the sunken lost city of Dwarka in the Arabian Sea.

* Dwaraka city holds tremendous significance for Hindus, as it is believed to be established by Lord Krishna.

* The forthcoming Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, slated for 10 January 2024 in Gandhinagar, is likely to be the platform for the official declaration about the submarine tourism project.

* This will be the first underwater tourism facility in India through a submarine. As per the current plan, the government aims to operationalise the project before Diwali in October 2024.

* The Gujarat government and MDL will collaboratively work to construct a submarine estimated to weigh approximately 35 tonnes, with the ability to carry 30 passengers.

* This submarine will feature seating for 24 passengers in two rows, each seat equipped with a window view, enabling passengers to enjoy the oceanic beauty at 300 feet deep with ease.

* Sanjeev Singhal, the Chairman and Managing Director of MDL, stated that even though the MoU is already signed, the commencement of the submarine's construction will only take place following the final decision from the state government.

* “We have entered into an MoU with the government of Gujarat. We are still at the MoU level and until something is finalised, we cannot go ahead with the construction of the said submarine,” Singhal was quoted as saying by Times of India.

* The mystery surrounding the existence of Dwarka, its prosperity as a city, and its eventual sinking, has fuelled many archaeological investigations along the Indian shoreline.

* These explorations have revealed submerged walls that were once components of a fortified city, as well as pottery, sculptures, and other artifacts.

* Dwarka remains a well-known destination for spiritual journeys. The renowned Dwarkadhish Temple of present-day Dwarka, also referred to as Jagat Mandir, serves as a significant place for devotion and a notable landmark.

* The initiative of the state government to launch a submarine tourism project in Gujarat has the potential to change the state's tourism industry.

* Apart from reshaping the tourism landscape, it also holds the promise of generating employment prospects and luring investments to the region..

Source : Swarajyamag

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
Choi Soo-jong
B)
Dong Jun
C)
Lan Fo'an
D)
Hui Ka Yan

Correct Answer :   Dong Jun


China has announced the appointment of a new defence minister, two months after the previous office holder, Li Shangfu, was stripped from his position without explanation.

* The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress – China’s de facto legislature – announced on Friday (29th Dec 2023) that Dong Jun, 62, would be the new defence minister. Dong was most recently the chief of China’s navy.

* The announcement comes days after three senior executives from the aerospace defence industry were removed from a top advisory body to the Chinese Communist party (CCP) as part of a shake-up of the military that is thought to be linked to an anti-graft campaign that may have ensnared Li.

* Li was formally removed as defence minister in late October, but he has not been seen in public since 25 August. He is thought to be under investigation for corruption related to the procurement of military equipment. He was head of the military equipment procurement department of the central military commission between 2017 and 2022.

* Wen-Ti Sung, a political scientist at Australian National University, wrote on X that the appointment of a navy chief as defence minister “is a sign of China seeing South China Sea as a new priority area of geopolitical contestation between China and the US”.


* In August, two senior rocket force commanders were replaced in a shake-up of what is considered to be one of the People’s Liberation Army’s most important divisions. The new rocket force commander is Wang Houbin, who came from the navy.

* Li also lost his position as state councillor in October. Dong has not been appointed to fill that role, nor will he fill the vacancy left by Li on the central military commission. As defence minister, Dong’s job is to be a public representative of the military and engage in diplomacy, but he does not have control over the armed forces. That power is held by China’s president, Xi Jinping, who is the chairperson of the central military commission, as well as the general secretary of the CCP.

* Unlike Li, Dong is not thought to be subject to US sanctions, which may ease his ability to engage in military diplomacy with the US. During his seven months as defence minister, Li did not meet his US counterpart, Lloyd Austin, in protest at the sanctions from Washington.

* Dialogue between Washington and Beijing is seen as important in lowering the risk of conflict in the Taiwan Strait and the South China Sea. When Xi Jinping and Joe Biden met in San Francisco in November, they agreed to resume senior-level military talks..

Source : The Guardian

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
Arvind Panagariya
B)
Suman Bery
C)
Jagdish Bhagwati
D)
Arvind Subramanian

Correct Answer :   Arvind Panagariya


* The government on Sunday (31st Dec 2023) appointed former Niti Aayog vice chairman Arvind Panagariya as the Chairman of the 16th Finance Commission.

* Joint Secretary in the finance ministry Ritvik Ranjanam Pandey will be the secretary to the commission, the government said in a notification.

* "The President is pleased to constitute a Finance Commission with Dr Arvind Panagariya, former Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog and Professor, Columbia University, as the Chairman. Members of the Commission will be notified separately," it said.

* The commission will submit its report for the five-year period (2026-27 to 2030-31) to the President by October 31, 2025.

* The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, last month approved the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the 16th Finance Commission.

* Besides suggesting tax devolution between the Centre and states and revenue augmentation measures, the commission would review the present arrangements for financing disaster management initiatives with reference to the funds constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.

* The Finance Commission is a constitutional body that gives suggestions on centre-state financial relations.

* The erstwhile 15th Finance Commission under NK Singh had recommended that states be given 41 per cent of the divisible tax pool of the Centre during the five-year period 2021 22 to 2025 26, which is at the same level as was recommended by the 14th Finance Commission..


Source : India Today

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
Odisha
B)
Gujarat
C)
Uttar Pradesh
D)
Uttarakhand

Correct Answer :   Gujarat


Key Points :

* More than 50,000 people participated in a synchronized Surya Namaskar across 108 locations within the state
 
* Gujarat's first Milestone of 2024 with a Guinness World Record
 
* Under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, Gujarat upholds its tradition of leading the way under the guidance of Chief Minister Shri Bhupendra Patel
 
* Modhera Surya Mandir establishes a world record for a synchronized Surya Namaskar session, illuminated by the first sunrise of 2024
 
* Chief Minister Shri Bhupendra Patel and Minister of State for Sports Shri Harsh Sanghavi joined the state-level Surya Namaskar competition
 
* Ministers and officials were present at district centres to motivate participants.

Gujarat, known for its rich cultural heritage and commitment to health and wellness, achieved a remarkable feat on New Year’s morning by making an indelible mark in the Guinness Book of World Records. The state hosted the largest simultaneous Surya Namaskar performance, involving over 4,000 participants from 108 locations across 51 categories.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi Commends the Extraordinary Achievement :

Prime Minister Narendra Modi applauded the extraordinary achievement, emphasizing the state’s commitment to yoga and cultural heritage. In a post on social media platform X, he stated, “Gujarat welcomed 2024 with a remarkable feat – setting a Guinness World Record for the most people performing Surya Namaskar simultaneously at 108 venues! This is indeed a true testament to our commitment to Yoga and our cultural heritage.”

* He further urged people to incorporate Surya Namaskar into their daily routines, highlighting the immense health benefits associated with this ancient practice.


The Significance of 108 and Iconic Venues :

The chosen number of 108 holds special significance in Indian culture, and the venues for the mega event included the iconic Modhera Sun Temple. In Vedic culture, esteemed mathematicians regarded 108 as a symbol of complete existence, linking it to the Sun, Moon, and Earth. The average distance from the Earth to the Sun and Moon is precisely 108 times their respective diameters.

* Participants from diverse backgrounds, including families, students, yoga enthusiasts, and seniors, actively engaged in the practice at various locations, creating a grand spectacle.


Gujarat CM Bhupesh Patel on Record-Breaking Surya Namaskar Event

Gujarat Chief Minister Bhupesh Patel shared, “Om Suryaye Namah. The first day of the year 2024 turned out to be a wonderful confluence of yoga, spirituality, culture, and health. Overall, around 50,000 people from across the state participated in the Suryanamaskar event. Gujarat set a Guinness World Record by performing the largest number of Surya Namaskars simultaneously at different places.”


Understanding Sun Salutation :

Sun Salutation, also known as Surya Namaskar or Salute to the Sun, is a yoga practice that involves a flow sequence of twelve linked asanas. The asana sequence, dedicated to the Hindu solar deity, Surya, was first recorded as yoga in the early 20th century. The practice gained popularity thanks to Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi, the Rajah of Aundh, and was later adopted into yoga by Krishnamacharya in the Mysore Palace.


Sun Salutation: Diverse Poses, Mantras, and Global Recognition :

The sequence involves moving from a standing position into Downward and Upward Dog poses and then back to the standing position, with many variations possible. In some Indian traditions, each position is associated with a different mantra. While the precise origins of Sun Salutation remain uncertain, its integration into yoga has made it a widely practiced and revered sequence, as demonstrated by Gujarat’s historic Guinness World Record achievement..


Source : CMO Gujarat

Published On : January 2, 2024
A)
January 3
B)
January 2
C)
January 1
D)
December 31

Correct Answer :   January 1


Global Family Day, celebrated annually on January 1, marks a universal commitment to peace, unity, and the shared values of humanity. As we step into 2024, this day takes on the theme “Embracing Diversity, Strengthening Families,” underscoring the rich mosaic of cultures and experiences that knit together the global family.


Global Family Day 2024 Theme :

The theme for 2024, “Embracing Diversity, Strengthening Families,” is a call to celebrate our differences while acknowledging the fundamental bonds that connect us. It’s an invitation to recognize the diverse tapestry of human experience and how it contributes to the strength of familial bonds worldwide.


Global Family Day Historical Context :

The roots of Global Family Day lie in the United Nations General Assembly’s proclamation in 1997 of the International Decade for the Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World. By 1999, Global Family Day was established as a day dedicated to peace-building strategies, an initiative that has grown in significance with each passing year.


Global Family Day 2024 Significance :

Also known as World Peace Day, Global Family Day is more than a symbolic observance. It’s a call to action for harmony and understanding amidst a world often divided by conflicts and strife. Celebrating this day involves raising awareness of global issues, promoting peace, and fostering a sense of global community.

Published On : January 1, 2024
A)
Line App
B)
Signal App
C)
WeChat App
D)
Sandes App

Correct Answer :   Sandes App


In a strategic move aimed at bolstering data security and prioritizing indigenous technology, paramilitary forces are set to transition to the ‘Sandes App’ for all official communication and document sharing in the new year. This shift underscores the growing importance of safeguarding sensitive information and ensuring secure messaging platforms within security organizations.


Background :

The decision to adopt the ‘Sandes App’ stems from the prevalent use of WhatsApp for internal communication within paramilitary forces. While WhatsApp has been a popular choice, the paramount emphasis on data safety necessitated a transition to a platform designed and developed in India. The ‘Sandes App,’ developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC), emerges as a robust alternative.


What is ‘Sandes App’ and Its Features?

The ‘Sandes’ application is an open source-based indigenous instant messaging platform tailored to meet the stringent security requirements of government organizations. Its key features include:

* End-to-End Encryption : Ensuring secure and private messaging communication.

* Encrypted Backup : Safeguarding data with an additional layer of encryption during backup processes.

* Encrypted OTP Service : Providing secure one-time password services for authentication.

* Data Privacy : The app does not share data with third parties and adheres to the privacy and data policies governed by the Government of India.


Integration with Government Services :

To enhance functionality and efficiency, the ‘Sandes App’ has been seamlessly integrated with NIC email, DigiLocker, and e-office. However, full access to these features is currently available only to government-verified users. Employees of government organizations are required to undergo verification by contacting the Nodal officer of their respective Ministry/Department.


Trial Run and App Readiness :

A trial run of the ‘Sandes App’ identified and rectified several glitches, ensuring a smooth user experience. The updated version of the application is now deemed ready for use, meeting the stringent requirements of paramilitary forces.


Implementation Timeline :

Starting from the first week of January, all paramilitary forces, including the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), are advised to transition to the ‘Sandes App’ for all official communication and document sharing.


Government’s Commitment to Secure Technology :

This shift towards the ‘Sandes App’ exemplifies the government’s commitment to utilizing secure and indigenous technology for communication within its organizations. As the focus on data security continues to intensify, this move sets a precedent for other government agencies to prioritize secure messaging platforms and reinforce national cybersecurity measures.

Published On : December 29, 2023