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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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Uttar Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Arunachal Pradesh

State-owned hydro power giant NHPC has inked an initial pact with Rail India Technical and Economic Service (RITES) to construct railway siding for a 2,880 MW Dibang multipurpose project in Arunachal Pradesh.

"NHPC signed an MoU with RITES for Construction of Railway Siding at Pasighat (Arunachal Pradesh) for NHPC's 2,880 MW Dibang Multi Purpose Project at NHPC Corporate Office on 21st August 2023," a company statement said.

According to the statement, the agreement was signed by General Manager (Civil) Dibang and Executive Director, RITES, in the presence of Biswajit Basu, Director (Projects) NHPC at corporate office of NHPC.

NHPC's total installed capacity is 7,097.2 MW of renewable power (including wind and solar) through its 25 power stations, including 1,520 MW through its subsidiary.

RITES Ltd is a leading player in the transport consultancy and engineering sector in India, having diversified services across sectors and geographical reach.

The strategic partnership between NHPC and RITES complements the expertise of both organisations..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : August 22, 2023
NTPC Limited
THDC India Limited

Correct Answer : Option (D) - IREDA

Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA), a Mini Ratna (Category – I) Government of India enterprise under the administrative control of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, has signed a performance-based Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India.

The MoU, in alignment with guidelines issued by Department of Public Enterprises, Ministry of Finance, outlines strategic targets that IREDA aims to achieve during the fiscal years 2023-24 and 2024-25.

As per the MoU, the Government of India has set a Revenue from Operations target for IREDA, of ₹ 4,350 crores for the financial year 2023-24 and ₹ 5,220 crores for 2024-25.

Notably, the company had achieved a Revenue from Operations figure of ₹ 3,482 crores in the preceding fiscal year, against a target of ₹ 3,361 crores.

The government has also specified other key performance parameters in the MoU, including Return on Net Worth, Return on Capital Employed, NPA to Total Loans Ratio, Asset Turnover Ratio, and Earnings per Share.

The MoU was signed by Secretary, MNRE, Shri Bhupinder Singh Bhalla and Chairperson & Managing Director (CMD), IREDA, Shri Pradip Kumar Das at Atal Akshay Urja Bhawan, New Delhi on August 21, 2023. Other senior officials of MNRE and IREDA were also present on the occasion.

CMD, IREDA emphasized the company’s outstanding track record of performance over the past three financial years, positioning the company well to achieve these ambitious targets. The CMD recalled that the company marked an impressive 272% jump in Loan Disbursements and a 30% growth in Profit After Tax (PAT) during the first quarter of FY 2023-24, compared to the corresponding period in FY 2022-23.

Demonstrating sensible financial management, IREDA also achieved a remarkable reduction in Net Non-Performing Assets (NPAs), lowering the figure to 1.61% in Q1, FY 2023-24 from 2.92% in Q1, FY 2022-23. These achievements underscore IREDA's dedication to maintaining financial stability while promoting the Renewable Energy sector, said the CMD.

The CMD informed that IREDA’s track record of consistent excellence is evident by its 'Excellent' rating and over 96 marks secured for the MoU in the preceding three financial years. The company, as on 21st August 2023, has financed 3,137 Renewable Energy projects with cumulative loan sanction of ₹ 1,55,694 crores and loan disbursement of ₹ 1,05,245 crores and has supported Renewable Energy capacity addition of 22,061 MW in the country..

Source : PIB

Published On : August 22, 2023
Nitin Gadkari
Rajnath Singh
Amit Shah
Piyush Goyal

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Nitin Gadkari

Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari launched the Bharat New Car Assessment Programme (Bharat NCAP) 22nd August 2023 in New Delhi.

Aim : To enhance road safety by elevating vehicle safety standards for up to 3.5-tonne vehicles in India.

Shri Gadkari said BHARAT NCAP will also greatly push the safety and quality of the vehicles in India, while simultaneously promoting a healthy competition among OEMs to manufacture safer vehicles. He said the new safety regime under BHARAT NCAP and AIS-197 is a mutual win-win for manufacturers and consumers and an instrumental step towards safeguarding lives of our citizens and making our Automobile Industry the number one auto manufacturing hub in the world.

The Program is applicable to type approved motor vehicles of M1 category less than 3.5T GVW. This is a voluntary program in which the base variants of  a given model shall be tested.

This program will commence from 1st Oct 2023 and  will be based on Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) 197.

Program Aim : To create ecosystem of competitive safety enhancements leading to increased awareness among consumers. Consumers can take an informed decision by making a comparative assessment on vehicle performance under crash test conditions.

NCAP brings the opportunity to the OEMs to manufacture vehicles of global safety standards. Program will be anchored by Central Institute of Road Transport (CIRT). This program has been evolved based on stakeholder consultations .

Source : PIB

Published On : August 22, 2023

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 2

With Four Gold and One Silver Medals, India has secured Second Rank at the 16th International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics (IOAA) in Chorzów, Poland held from the 10 to the 20 of August 2023.

The United Kingdom clinched the lead with five Golds.

A total of 236 students from 50 nations participated at the Olympiad, collectively earning 27 gold, 41 silver, and 50 bronze medals across all categories.

Rajdeep Mishra from Kota, Rajasthan, Koduru Tejeswar from Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, Md. Sahil Akhtar from Kolkata, West Bengal, Akarsh Raj Sahay from Nagpur, Maharashtra were awarded Gold medals while Sainavaneet Mukund from Bangalore, Karnataka was awarded a silver medal.

The team was led by Prof. Surhud More from IUCAA, Pune, and Pritesh Ranadive from HBCSE-TIFR, Mumbai..

Source : AIR

Published On : August 21, 2023
Pawan Nagarjuna
Abhay Deshpande
Tharman Shanmugaratnam

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Tharman Shanmugaratnam

Singapore, an island country and city-state in Southeast Asia will go to its first contested presidential elections in over a decade next month (September 2023).

Three people, including Indian-origin Tharman Shanmugaratnam, Ng Kok Songn and Tan Kin Lian, have met the criteria to contest the presidential polls. The official nominations, however, will take place on 22 August 2023.

Who is Tharman Shanmugaratnam?

Born in Singapore on February 25, 1957, Tharman graduated from the London School of Economics. He later went to Cambridge University for a Master of Philosophy in economics.  He also attended Harvard Kennedy School at Harvard University for a Master of Public Administration degree.

Tharman’s father Kanagaratnam Shanmugaratnam was also a well-known figure in the city-state and considered Singapore’s “father of pathology”.

The 66-year-old presidential hopeful started his career as a chief economist at the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS). He then joined Singapore Administrative Service as a Senior Deputy Secretary for Policy in the Ministry of Education but returned to MAS as a managing editor.

He was associated with the People’s Action Party (PAP) for more than two decades and served as deputy premier and senior minister before resigning from his post to contest the presidential election. In his appeal to the voters, Tharman has said that if elected, he will be “impartial” and asked them to consider his track record and not his past affiliations.

Besides Tharman, chairman of Avanda Investment Management, Ng Kok Song is also contesting the September 1 polls to elect the head of the state. The 75-year-old former investment officer has been a long associate of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, but never joined his party PAP.

The third candidate Tan Kin Lian will once again run for the top job after finishing last of the four candidates in the 2011 Singapore presidential elections..

Source : Thestatesman

Published On : August 21, 2023
Gautam Adani
Mukesh Ambani
Ratan Tata
Adar Poonawala

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Ratan Tata

The first-ever 'Udyog Ratna' award instituted by the Maharashtra government was conferred on veteran industrialist Ratan Tata (19th Aug 2023).

The award was presented to the 85-year-old chairman emeritus of Tata Sons by Chief Minister Eknath Shinde and Deputy chief ministers Devendra Fadnavis and Ajit Pawar at the industrialist's home in Colaba, south Mumbai.

The honour comprised a shawl, a citation and a memento from the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC).

Talking to reporters afterwards, Mr Shinde said honouring Mr Tata as 'Udyog Ratna' has enhanced the prestige of the award.

"The contribution of the Tata group in all sectors is immense. Tata means trust," he said.

The steel-to-salt group operates in more than 100 countries across six continents. In 2021-22, the collective revenue of Tata companies stood at $128 billion..

Source : NDTV

Published On : August 21, 2023
18th August 2023
19th August 2023
20th August 2023
21st August 2023

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 19th August 2023

Photoshop maker Adobe's co-founder John Warnock died on Saturday (19th August 2023) aged 82, the company said in a statement early on Sunday (20th August 2023).

The cause of his death was not disclosed.

"It is a sad day for the Adobe community and the industry for which he has been an inspiration for decades," Adobe CEO Shantanu Narayen said in an email sent to employees.

Warnock co-founded Adobe in 1982 with Charles Geschke. He retired as CEO in 2000 and was chairman of the board, a position he shared with Geschke, until 2017.

Source : Reuters

Published On : August 21, 2023
August 21
August 20
August 19
August 18

Correct Answer : Option (A) - August 21

The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is observed annually on August 21. This is the sixth commemoration of the International Day of Remembrance of and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, on 21 August 2023.

History of the Day :

* The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism was established by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 72/165 of 20 December 2017. The resolution was adopted by consensus, reflecting the strong international commitment to combating terrorism and supporting its victims.

* The day was chosen to commemorate the bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq, on August 21, 2003, which killed 22 people, including Sergio Vieira de Mello, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Significance of the Day :

* The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is a day to remember and honor the victims and survivors of terrorism. It is also a day to reaffirm the international community’s commitment to combating terrorism and to promoting and protecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all people.

* On this day, governments, organizations, and individuals around the world hold events to remember the victims of terrorism and to raise awareness about the need to combat this scourge. These events can take many forms, such as candlelight vigils, memorial services, and educational workshops.

* The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is an important opportunity to come together as a global community and to show our solidarity with the victims and survivors of terrorism. It is also a day to recommit ourselves to the fight against terrorism and to create a world where everyone can live in peace and security.

Published On : August 21, 2023
August 19
August 20
August 21
August 22

Correct Answer : Option (C) - August 21

World Senior Citizen Day is celebrated on August 21 every year to raise awareness of the contributions of older adults to society. In India, a senior citizen means any person who has attained the age of sixty years or above.

In a more general sense, senior citizens are elderly people, especially those who have retired. This day is celebrated to recognise the wisdom, knowledge, and accomplishments of older individuals while raising awareness about the issues they face and advocating for their well-being.

Here are some ways to celebrate World Senior Citizen Day :

* Visit a senior citizen center or nursing home and spend time with the residents.
* Volunteer your time to an organization that helps senior citizens.
* Donate to a charity that supports senior citizens.
* Learn more about the issues faced by senior citizens and advocate for policies that will improve their lives.

Here are some of the challenges faced by senior citizens :

* Healthcare: Senior citizens are more likely to have chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. They are also more likely to need long-term care, such as nursing home care.
* Financial security: Many senior citizens have limited financial resources. They may have retired on a fixed income that is not enough to cover their expenses.
* Loneliness and isolation: As people age, they may lose friends and family members. They may also become more isolated from society.
* Ageism: Ageism is discrimination against people based on their age. Senior citizens may experience ageism in employment, housing, and healthcare.

World Senior Citizen Day 2023 Significance :

The significance of World Senior Citizen Day is twofold. First, it is a day to honor the contributions of senior citizens to society. Senior citizens have made significant contributions in all areas of life, from raising families and building businesses to serving in the military and leading governments. They have also passed on their wisdom and knowledge to younger generations, helping to shape the world we live in today.

Second, World Senior Citizen Day is a day to raise awareness about the issues faced by senior citizens. As the population ages, the number of senior citizens is increasing. This is putting a strain on resources, such as healthcare and housing. Senior citizens are also more likely to be victims of crime and abuse. World Senior Citizen Day is an opportunity to raise awareness about these issues and to advocate for policies that will improve the lives of senior citizens.

World Senior Citizen Day History :

The origins of World Senior Citizen Day can be traced back to the efforts of the former President of the United States, Ronald Reagan. In 1988, President Reagan issued a proclamation declaring August 21st as National Senior Citizens Day in the United States. The day was intended to honour the senior citizens in the country for their achievements and contributions, while also highlighting the importance of programs and policies that support their well-being.

Over time, the observance of World Senior Citizen Day extended beyond the United States, evolving into a global celebration. People around the world recognize the invaluable role that senior citizens play in society, from preserving cultural heritage to offering guidance to younger generations. This recognition led to the establishment of World Senior Citizen Day as an international observance.

Published On : August 21, 2023
Titan arum
Talipot Palm
Neptune Grass
Rufflesia Arnoldii

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Rufflesia Arnoldii

Flowers, with their captivating beauty and diverse forms, have always fascinated humanity. From the enchanting fragrance of a rose to the massive blossoms that seem to defy the laws of nature.

Our planet is a home to about 369,400 species of flowers, while most of the species of flowers are unknown to us. Flowers are symbols of beauty, fragrance and vibrant colors, often serving as gifts that bring happiness and convey emotions.

Flowers have different sizes and shapes, with the largest of them weighing as much as 20 pounds. In this article we will read about the top 10 largest flower in the world with their unique features.

Largest Flower of the World :

The largest flower of the world is Rufflesia Arnoldii. From its immense size to its pungent aroma, the Rafflesia arnoldii is like a symbol of diversity and ingenuity of the natural world.

Here is the list of Top-10 Biggest Flowers in the World with their scientific names :

S. No. Flowers Scientific Name
1. Rafflesia Arnoldii Rafflesia Arnoldii (stinking corpse lily)
2. Titan Arum (Corpse flower) Amorphophallus titanum
3. Talipot Palm Corypha Umbraculifera
4. Neptune Grass Posidonia Oceanica
5. Amazon Water Lily Victoria Amazonica
6. Puya Raimondi Puya Raimondi
7. Tree peony Paeonia suffruticosa
8. Hibiscus Hibiscus syriacus
9. Magnolia Mongolia grandiflora
10. Lotus Nelumbo nucifera

1. Largest Flower in the World: Rafflesia Arnoldii

Scientific name: Rafflesia arnoldii

Weight: 11 kg (20 pounds)

Diameter: 3 feet

Country: Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines

Scientific importance: Women in Peninsular Malaysia use Rafflesia buds to heal fever, reduce internal bleeding and shrink womb the following childbirth.

Other features: Rafflesia Arnoldii is the world’s biggest flower found in rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo. The flower is considered the stinkiest flower on the earth. It doesn’t require sunlight for its growth and thrives on the damp soil of dense forests. It doesn’t have any roots, stems or leaves. Due to its various uniqueness, the largest flower on earth has been a subject of poaching, making it a rare and endangered species.

2. World’s Second Largest Flower: Titan Arum

Scientific name: Amorphophallus titanium

Height: up to 20 feet

Weight: 110 kg

Scientific importance: The root of this flower is used to make medicine. Arum is used to treat colds and throat swelling despite major safety concerns. It also encourages perspiration and relieves chest congestion.

Other features: Titan Arum is the second largest flower in the world, comes from the flowering plant family Araceae. It takes 40 years to bloom and smells like the skin of a dead human body like Rufflesia. The rotting smell of Corpse flowers attracts scavengers and the plant feeds on them. Titan arum flower needs high temperature and humidity to grow, if they are kept in cool temperatures for long, they die.

3. World’s third largest flower: Talipoy Palm

Scientific name: Corypha Umbraculifera

Height:  up to 25 m

Diameter of stem: 1.3 m or 2.5 feet

Location: Andamans, Srilanka, Cambodia and China

Significance:  The leaves of this flower are used to thatch homes, protect walls, plait mats and serve as umbrellas during rains.

Other features: This is the third biggest flower on the earth which has a lifetime for about 60 years. The unique feature of this flower is that it is monocarpic, which means it flowers and gives fruits only once in its lifetime.

Published On : August 21, 2023