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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
Rajasthan
B)
Nagaland
C)
Mizoram
D)
Meghalaya

Correct Answer :   Mizoram


Scientists have uncovered a new species of gliding geckos in Mizoram, an advance that will highlight the underappreciated biodiversity of northeast India and encourage greater efforts to document its wildlife.

Bearing the name of the state it was discovered in, the Mizoram parachute gecko, or Gekko mizoramensis, is one of the 14 geckos known to take to the air.

While one specimen of the new species was collected more than 20 years ago, the differences from its relatives have only now been appreciated.

"The wildlife of northeast India isn't as well known as it could be because of the amount of dense forest.

While recent development has opened up access, forest clearance endangers its biodiversity," said Ph.D. student Zeeshan Mirza, who co-authored the research paper published in the journal Salamandra,.

Geckos are are believed to be among the earliest evolving squamates, the group that contains all lizards, snakes and their close relatives, with their ancestors first appearing in the fossil record hundreds of millions of years ago. Early geckos had already developed some of their key characteristics by 100 million years ago.

Genetic studies and preserved remains reveal that they had evolved the adhesive pads on their feet which allow them to climb almost any surface using a network of microscopic hairs.

Other adaptations, such as the ability to discard and regrow their tails to distract predators, or see well in the dark, have helped them to become one of the most successful lizard groups, the researchers said.

There are more than 1,200 species of gecko today, making up around a fifth of all known lizards..

Source : Economic Times

Published On : June 14, 2023
A)
Chennai
B)
Lucknow
C)
Mumbai
D)
Hyderabad

Correct Answer :   Mumbai


Vigyan -Vidushi – 2023, an initiative to address the gender balance in the discipline of Physics at the doctorate level, has commenced at the Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE), in Mumbai from 12th June 2023. 

* 40 women students from forty different institutes all over India, who have just completed their first year MSc in Physics, are attending this programme that will give them an exposure to advanced physics courses and encourage them to perform innovative experiments.

* Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), through its Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE), has started the three-week summer programme “Vigyan Vidushi” for girl students pursuing Physics at M.Sc. level, since 2020.

* The programme, which had started during the COVID pandemic, will be held completely in the residential mode, at HBSCE, for the first time from 12 June to 1 July, 2023.

* Encouraging the girl-students pursuing MSc Physics, Centre Director of HBCSE Prof. Arnab Bhattacharya, gave a presentation of women-scientists who have made a successful career out of physics across the world. 

* Prof. Savita Ladage, Dean, HBCSE, stated that the students who attended this programme in the previous three batches gained a new perspective about the immense possibilities of a career in Physics. She urged the students to be torch-bearers of the programme and spread knowledge encourage other girl-students to study Physics..

Source : PIB

Published On : June 14, 2023
A)
S Jaishankar
B)
Rajnath Singh
C)
Nitin Gadkari
D)
Amit Shah

Correct Answer :   Amit Shah


Home Minister Amit Shah has announced that Central government will provide more than 8,000 crore rupees to the States to effectively deal with the situation of floods in urban areas, strengthening of fire brigade services and landslide mitigation.

* Mr. Shah 13th June 2023 chaired a meeting with Ministers of Disaster Management of the States and Union Territories in New Delhi to strengthen the disaster management ecosystem in the country.

* The Home Minister said, 5,000 crore rupees will be provided to states to expand and modernize fire services and 2,500 crore rupees to reduce the risk of urban flooding in the seven most populous metros including Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and Pune.

* He added that 825 crore rupees will be provided to 17 states and union territories for landslide mitigation.

* The Home Minister said, disasters have changed its form and frequency and efforts must be made to save every single life from disasters. He said, the government has emphasized on new approaches of implementing early warning system, prevention, mitigation and preparedness-based disaster management in the last nine years.

* He said, the Modi government has set a target of preparing around one lakh youth volunteers in 350 high-risk disaster prone districts. He said, the release of funds from NDRF has increased by nearly three times from 25,000 crores rupees to 77,000 crore rupees in the past nine years.

* The day-long meeting was attended by Union Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla along with senior officials of the Ministry of Home Affairs, National Disaster Management Authority and National Disaster Response Force. .

Source : AIR

Published On : June 14, 2023
A)
Pankaj Agrawal
B)
Rajat Kumar Mishra
C)
Sudhansh Pant
D)
Subhas Chandra Lal Das

Correct Answer :   Pankaj Agrawal


Centre has appointed Pankaj Agrawal as the new Power Secretary, while Rajat Mishra will be the new Fertiliser Secretary and Chanchal Kumar to join the Civil Aviation Ministry as Secretary.

They are part of new postings for 15 senior bureaucrats who have now been promoted to the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.

* Pankaj Agrawal is a 1992 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Officer of the Madhya Pradesh cadre and to date, he was serving as Additional Secretary and Director General (Acquisition) in the Defence Ministry. Now, he will join as Officer on Special Duty in the Power Ministry in the rank and pay of Secretary to the Government of India. He will take over as Power Secretary after superannuation of present Secretary Alok Kumar on June 30.

* Rajat Kumar Mishra is a 1992 batch IAS Officer of the Rajasthan cadre and to date, he was working as Additional Secretary in the Finance Ministry. He will join as Fertiliser Secretary, the post which has been lying vacant for some time. He will have Nivedita Shukla Verma, a 1991 batch IAS Officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre, as his counterpart in the Department of Chemicals and Petro-Chemicals. Verma, who was Special Secretary in Defence Ministry till date, will first join as Officer on Special Duty on August 1 and subsequently, take over as Secretary post superannuation of present incumbent Arun Baroka on August 31.

* Chanchal Kumar, a 1992 batch IAS Officer of the Bihar cadre, has been Managing Director of National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd. He will join as Officer on Special Duty, Civil Aviation Ministry on  August 1 and then take over as Secretary from Rajiv Bansalupon post superannuation on August 31.

* Sudhansh Pant, a 1991 batch IAS Officer of Rajasthan cadre will move from the Ports, Shipping and Waterways Ministry to Health Ministry, first as Officer on Special Duty and then as Secretary once present incumbent retires on July 31. Pant’s place in the Ports, Shipping and Waterways Ministry will be taken over by the 1991 batch IAS Officer of Tamil Nadu cadre, T K Ramchandran.

* Subhas Chandra Lal Das, a 1992 batch IAS Officer of the UT cadre and presently working as Director General of Hydrocarbons, will move to the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises as Secretary. Debashree Mukherjee, 1991 batch IAS Officer of the UT cadre has been designated as Secretary in the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. She is Special Secretary in the same Department and starts serving as Secretary after September 30 once the present Secretary Pankaj Kumar retires..

Source : Hindu Businessline

Published On : June 14, 2023
A)
June 14
B)
June 13
C)
June 12
D)
June 11

Correct Answer :   June 13


International Albinism Awareness Day is observed annually on 13th June to create awareness about a genetic skin condition called Albinism, and promote the rights and regulations of Albinism on a global level. The day is recognized to put an end to the misconceptions and stereotypes related to this condition, and also encourage the inclusion of people suffering from Albinism in all aspects of society without any discrimination.

Theme for International Albinism Awareness Day 2023 : This year’s theme, “Inclusion is Strength,” builds on last year’s theme of “United in making our voice heard.” Its aim is to ensure the inclusion of the voices of persons with albinism in all sectors of life. It emphasises the importance of inclusion of a diversity of groups from both within and outside the albinism community.

What is albinism?

Albinism is a rare, non-contagious, genetically inherited difference present at birth. In almost all types of albinism, both parents must carry the gene for it to be passed on, even if they do not have albinism themselves. The condition is found in both sexes regardless of ethnicity and in all countries of the world.

Albinism results in a lack of pigmentation (melanin) in the hair, skin and eyes, causing vulnerability to the sun and bright light. As a result, almost all people with albinism are visually impaired and are prone to developing skin cancer. There is no cure for the absence of melanin that is central to albinism.

While numbers vary, it is estimated that in North America and Europe 1 in every 17,000 to 20,000 people have some form of albinism. The condition is much more prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, with estimates of 1 in 1,400 people being affected in Tanzania and prevalence as high as 1 in 1,000 reported for select populations in Zimbabwe and for other specific ethnic groups in Southern Africa..

Source : UN

Published On : June 13, 2023
A)
Chennai
B)
Bengaluru
C)
Kochi
D)
Hyderabad

Correct Answer :   Chennai


The World Cup Squash championship is being organized in Chennai, Tamil Nadu on June 13, 2023, after a gap of 12 years.

* It was formally inaugurated by the State Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports Udhayanidhi Stalin.

* On the first day, India will play against Hongkong and China in the pool B matches and in another match Japan will play against South Africa.

* Each match will be played to the best of five games, each to seven points with a total of 11 points in general..

Source : AIR

Published On : June 13, 2023
A)
16th
B)
28th
C)
45th
D)
53rd

Correct Answer :   45th


Billionaire Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries Ltd. climbed eight spots to the 45th rank, the highest for an Indian company on Forbes' latest Global 2000 list of public companies worldwide.

* The Global 2000 ranks the largest companies in the world using four metrics: sales, profits, assets, and market value, Forbes said while releasing the 2023 ranking of the world's top 2,000 companies.

* JPMorgan, America's biggest bank with $3.7 trillion in assets, is at the top of the list for the first time since 2011 and has emerged stronger from this spring's regional banking crisis, with more deposits and opportunistic acquisition of the failed First Republic Bank, it said.

* Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway which topped the list last year, fell to the 338th position in the latest list due to unrealised losses in its investment portfolio. Saudi oil behemoth Aramco is in 2nd position followed by three giant-sized state-owned Chinese banks.

* Technology giants Alphabet and Apple are at 7th and 10th place, respectively.

* Oil-to-telecom conglomerate Reliance, with sales of $109.43 billion and a profit of $8.3 billion, is the top-most-ranked Indian firm at the 45th spot, climbing from the 53rd position it had held in last year's ranking. Reliance has ranked ahead of well-known names like Germany's BMW Group, Switzerland's Nestle, China's Alibaba Group, US-based Procter & Gamble and Japan's Sony.

* State Bank of India climbed to the 77th spot from 105th in the 2022 ranking. HDFC Bank is at 128th position (153 in 2022) and ICICI Bank is at 163 (204 in 2022). Other Indian firms on the list include state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) at 226 and HDFC at 232. Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) made its maiden entry at 363 while Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) slipped to 387th rank from 384 last year.

* Axis Bank (423), NTPC (433), Larsen & Toubro (449), Bharti Airtel (478), Kotak Mahindra Bank (502), Indian Oil Corporation (540), Infosys (554), Bank of Baroda (586), Coal India (591), Tata Steel (592), Hindalco (660) and Vedanta (687) are other notable Indian firms on the list. In all, 55 Indian firms figured on the list..

Source : Thehindu

Published On : June 13, 2023
A)
Chennai
B)
Lucknow
C)
Ahmedabad
D)
New Delhi

Correct Answer :   New Delhi


Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated the first-ever National Training Conclave at the International Exhibition and Convention Centre, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi on 11th June 2023.

Prime Minister's address was replete with many anecdotes and stories emanating from his rich political and administrative experience. By giving such examples in his address, he emphasised the importance of aspects like service orientation of government work, ownership in realising the aspirations of common man, need to break hierarchy and using experience of every person in organisation, importance of Jan Bhagidari, the zeal to improve and innovate the system, among other things. He added that the training modules should be oriented and developed such that these aspects are inculcated in the government officials.

Discussing his experience of earlier serving as CM and later as PM, Prime Minister underlined that the government has never lacked talented, dedicated and committed officials.

He said that just like the institution of the Army has built impeccable credibility in the eyes of public, it is the responsibility of all government servants to further increase the faith of people in the government system..

Source : PIB

Published On : June 13, 2023
A)
10 June 2023
B)
11 June 2023
C)
12 June 2023
D)
13 June 2023

Correct Answer :   12 June 2023


* Silvio Berlusconi, the billionaire media mogul and former Italian prime minister who transformed the nation's politics with polarising policies and often alarmed his allies with his brazen remarks, died on Monday (12th June 2023) aged 86.

* Berlusconi, Italy's longest-serving premier who counted Russian President Vladimir Putin as a close friend and gained notoriety for his "bunga bunga" sex parties, had suffered from leukaemia and recently developed a lung infection.

* Berlusconi founded Forza Italia, a center-right party, in 1994 with the aim of defeating the 'communists'.

* His party introduced a populist style of politics in Italy, propelling him to the upper ranks of the political establishment.

* He was also known as 'Il Cavaliere' (The Knight) and remained a flamboyant and influential figure in Italian politics.

Born : 29 September 1936, Milan, Italy.

Died : 12 June 2023, San Raffaele Hospital.

Published On : June 13, 2023
A)
7.2%
B)
7.7%
C)
8.3%
D)
8.9%

Correct Answer :   7.7%


The unemployment rate in India fell to 7.7% in May 2023 due to a decline in the labour participation at 441.9 million, according to a data released by private economic think tank Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy(CMIE).

* Unemployment rate in India among people aged 15 years and above fell to 7.7% in May 2023, from 8.5% in the previous month (April 2023), CMIE's Natasha Somayya K said in an analysis on its website.

* The unemployment rate inched down as a consequence of a fall in the labour participation, which implies a fall in the number of people who entered the labour market in search of work.

* Compared to April, labour participation rate (LPR) fell by 1.1% point to 39.6% in May 2023.

* There were around 147 million people in the urban labour force in April 2023, which inched down to 142.5 million in May 2023.

* According to the CMIE  data, the urban labour market recorded a fall in the number of employed as well as unemployed people.

* The 4.5 million fewer people in the urban labour force in May was the result of a combination of a decline in jobs by around 2.4 million and a fall in the number of unemployed in urban India by 2.1 million.

* This resulted in a total of 129.5 million people in the urban workforce, and around 13 million unemployed persons, it added.

* The rural labour force reduced to 299.4 million in May from 306.5 million in the April 2023.



Published On : June 13, 2023