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A)
Los Angeles
B)
New York
C)
Washington
D)
Chicago

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Washington


A statue of Dr B R Ambedkar, the principal architect of India's Constitution was formally inaugurated in a Maryland suburb in Washington on Sunday (15th Oct 2023).

It is touted to be the tallest statue of Ambedkar outside India.

During the inauguration of the statue, chants of 'Jai Bhim' were heard. According to the PTI news agency, more than 500 Indian-Americans from various parts of the US and some from India and other countries attended the unveiling ceremony of the 19-foot tall "Statue of Equality".

The statue was made by renowned artist and sculptor Ram Sutar, who also built the statue of Sardar Patel, called as Statue of Unity, and installed on an island in Narmada, metres downstream of the Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat.

"We are calling it the Statue of Equality… this (inequality) is not only the problem in India, everywhere (in) different forms (it exists)," Ram Kumar, president of the Ambedkar International Center (AIC).

The "Statue of Equality" represents 1.4 billion Indians and 4.5 million Indian Americans, said Deelip Mhaske from New York who leads the Ambedkarite movement in the US.

"Although this is completely done through community contributions, we received congratulatory messages from Prime Minister Narendra Modi and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar stating 'Ambedkarite has put the foundation of Unified India in the USA and globally'," he said.

"This statue will not just inspire millions of Indians residing in the US but all communities including Black, Hispanic, and others!" Mhaske said. "This is a historic step towards unifying the Indian-American diaspora and working towards making India a superpower not just in technology but also in social justice," he said.

Mahindra Rajwade, who drove for more than 10 hours from Kentucky to attend the statue unveiling ceremony, said this is a proud moment for all followers of Dr Ambedkar. "This is the first time in the world that we have such a tall statue of Babasaheb outside India".

The unveiling ceremony was followed by cultural performances by Indian-Americans from various parts of the country.

Born on April 14, 1891, Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar - popular among his followers as Babasaheb - was the chairman of the Constituent Assembly’s most crucial Drafting Committee that earned him the moniker Architect of the Indian Constitution.

He died on December 6, 1956, months after he embraced Buddhism on October 14 that year, the date coinciding with the unveiling of the statue in Maryland. October 14 is celebrated as Dhamma Chakra Parivartan Din by Ambedkarites..

Source : Live Mint

Published On : October 16, 2023
A)
Narendra Modi
B)
Amit Shah
C)
Nirmala Sitharaman
D)
S. Jaishankar

Correct Answer : Option (D) - S. Jaishankar


Minister of External Affairs Dr. S Jaishankar who is on a visit to Vietnam, on Sunday(15th October 2023), unveiled the bust of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore at the International Friendship Park in Bac Ninh province, Vietnam.

"Gurudev’s works are widely known and appreciated throughout Vietnam. Sure that this will enhance the international reputation of Bac Ninh province and further its strong ties with India

Earlier in the day, Dr. Jaishankar visited the historical Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi.

The age-old links between India and Vietnam are symbolized by the Bodhi tree here, he said. It was gifted by President Rajendra Prasad in 1959 to President Ho Chi Minh, he informed.

The External Affairs Minister is in Vietnam to co-chair the 18th Joint Commission Meeting on October 16, 2023. He arrived in the country on Sunday, October 15, for his four-day visit and was welcomed by his counterpart Bui Thanh Son, at whose invitation the EAM is in Vietnam.  

The EAM is also expected to hold talks with Vietnamese leaders. India and Vietnam share a comprehensive strategic partnership and Vietnam is a key member of India's Act East Policy. The visit will further the bilateral cooperation between the two nations.

Following the visit to Vietnam, EAM Dr. S Jaishankar will fly to Singapore on an official visit from 19 October - 20 October 2023..


Source : DD News

Published On : October 16, 2023
A)
October 16
B)
October 15
C)
October 14
D)
October 13

Correct Answer : Option (B) - October 15


The International Day of Rural Women, celebrated annually on October 15, is a day dedicated to recognizing the vital contributions of rural women worldwide. they play an essential role in agriculture, food production and rural development. However, their contributions are overlooked and undervalued. This article we will explore the date, theme, history and significance of International Day of Rural Women 2023.


International Day of Rural Women 2023 Theme :

The theme of International Day of Rural Women 2023 is “Rural Women Cultivating Good For All”. This theme underscores the essential role that all roral women and girls, including indigenous and tribal women, play in agricultural labor, particularly in developing nations. These women are responsible for sowing seeds, harvesting crops, processing and preparing food grains and distribution.

International Day of Rural Women History :

On 18th December 2007, the United Nations General Assembly passed resolution 62/136, formally acknowledging the crucial role of rural women in agricultural and rural development, enhancing food security and reducing poverty. Subsequently, on 15th October 2008, the first-ever International Day of Rural Women celebrated.


International Day of Rural Women 2023 Significance :

The International Day of Rural Women is celebrated to recognize the work of these heroines in the food systems of the world and claim rural areas with equal opportunities for all. It recognizes “the critical role and contribution of rural women, including indigenous women, in enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security and eradicating rural poverty.”

Published On : October 15, 2023
A)
October 13
B)
October 14
C)
October 15
D)
October 16

Correct Answer : Option (C) - October 15


World Students Day, observed on October 15 every year, is a day dedicated to commemorating the birth anniversary of the late Indian President, Dr. A.PJ. Abdul Kalam.

This day is a tribute to his remarkable contributions to education and his unwavering commitment to the welfare of children and students across India and the world. In 2023, World Students Day takes on special significance as we celebrate the 92nd birth anniversary of the A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.


Theme of World Students Day 2023 :

The theme for World Students Day 2023 is “FAIL: stands for First Attempt in Learning.” This theme, introduced by the Ministry of Education and the Government of India, aims to motivate students to embrace failure as a learning experience and continue their educational journey.

History of World Students Day :

The United Nations officially designated October 15 as World Students Day in 2010. This date holds special significance as it is the birthdate of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. As an aerospace and scientist and educator who worked with prestigious organizations like ISRO and DRDO, Dr. Kalam’s contributions to India and the world remains unparalleled.


World Students Day 2023 Significance :


World Students Day holds significant importance for several reasons:

* Dr. Kalam’s efforts to improve education serve as an inspiration for students worldwide to pursue their dreams and become responsible citizens.
* It serves as a reminder of the value of education and its pivotal role in shaping the future.
* Students use their day to highlight educational challenges and advocate for international collaboration to improve education systems.

Published On : October 15, 2023
A)
13th October
B)
12th October
C)
11th October
D)
10th October

Correct Answer : Option (A) - 13th October


The International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDR) is celebrated every year on 13 October. The day is dedicated to create awareness about disasters, their impact on living beings, and preventive measures. One of the main aims behind observing this day is to educate communities about the risks posed by disasters, and prepare them to survive through both natural and human-made disasters.

The International Day for Disaster Reduction was first established by the United Nations in to foster a culture of disaster awareness and reduction. On this day several activities like events, seminars, workshops, and conferences are held across the world to highlight the significance of disaster preparedness and measures to mitigate the impact of disasters on living beings.


International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2023 Theme :

The theme of UN International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2023 is "Fighting inequality for a resilient future."

According to the un.org, "This year’s International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction addresses the connection between disasters and inequality. Disasters and inequality are two sides of the same coin. Each adversity reinforces the other: unequal access to services leaves the most vulnerable exposed to the danger of disasters; while the effects of disasters exacerbate inequalities and push the most at risk further into poverty.".

Source : Thequint

Published On : October 13, 2023
A)
Politics
B)
Journalism
C)
Science
D)
Agriculture

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Journalism


Veteran journalist K S Sachidananda Murthy, who had served as the former Delhi Resident Editor of The Week magazine and Malayala Manorama daily, died at a private hospital here on Friday (13th Oct 2023).

The 68-year-old had recently undergone a lung transplant surgery, and was on ventilator for the past few days, sources close to him said.

Popularly known as 'Sachi' among friends and in the media fraternity, he is survived by wife and two sons, they said. His family was originally from the Ashtagrama villages in Karnataka's Kolar district.

Murthy had joined The Week in November 1982 as its Bangalore correspondent and stayed with the Malayala Manorama group until his retirement in September 2022, the magazine said on its website.


In February 1989, he became the magazine's special correspondent in Bangalore, and moved to Delhi in April 1990 as the chief of the national capital bureau. In April 2000, he was appointed resident editor, according to The Week.

Expressing shock over Murthy's death, Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah recalled him as his dear friend and a well-wisher.

Murthy was one of the very few senior Kannadiga journalists active in Delhi's media circle, the CM, in a post on social media platform X said. "The death of Sachidananda Murthy, who was like an encyclopedia on state-national developments, is an irreparable loss to the media world. I share in the grief of his family and friends."

Deputy Chief Minister D K Shivakumar in his condolence message said, "With his death, a sincere talent has disappeared from the media world." He recalled that Murthy had served as the General Secretary of the Editors Guild of India, as a member of the Press Council, and was one of the most famous journalists from Karnataka in Delhi.

BJP leader and former Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai, recalling the prominent journalist's contributions, said on X, "The news of the death of veteran journalist Sachidananda Murthy (Sachi) is very painful." Murthy was a recipient of the Durlabh Singh Media Award and the Karnataka Media Academy award award for lifetime contribution to journalism at the national level, among others..

Source : Tribuneindia

Published On : October 13, 2023
A)
HCl
B)
BHEL
C)
ONGC
D)
NTPC

Correct Answer : Option (D) - NTPC


India’s largest integrated energy conglomerate, NTPC Limited, has been recognized as one of the “World’s Best Employers 2023” in the Forbes World’s Best Employers list 2023 released on 10th Oct 2023.

It ranked 261st out of top 700 companies in the World ranking and is the only Indian PSU to figure in the list. This is a testimony that the people practices at NTPC are at par with the top companies in the world.

Every year Forbes publishes the World’s Best Employers List through independent market research to identify top 700 companies which offer exciting working and a positive environment, opportunities for training and career advancement, employee benefits, employee centric and workplace diversity. Forbes partnered with market research firm Statista to create the seventh annual list of the World’s Best Employers this year (2023).

This recognises NTPC’s progressive and “People before PLF” approach, excellence in development and management of its Human Resources through continuous process improvement, creating a caring, learning and engaging workplace, employee well-being and care and creating a meaningful, collaborative employee experience by putting the needs of employees first and adopting people practices aligned strategically to business needs.

Progressive people policies and interventions have facilitated its workforce to be agile and be future ready. Introduction of contemporary Performance Management system with continuous assessment, focussed learning and development initiatives, transparent Career Development & Succession Planning System, besides progressive and supportive people policies are few of the levers building the enabling and engaging culture unique to NTPC..

Source : PIB

Published On : October 13, 2023
A)
Operation Ganga
B)
Operation Ajay
C)
Operation Vijay
D)
Operation Samrat

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Operation Ajay


India on Wednesday (11th Oct 2023) launched Operation Ajay to bring back Indians from Israel as the conflict escalated with Israel retaliating against Hamas's attack that started on Saturday (14th OCt 2023).

Israel has declared war against Hamas and set up a war cabinet while Hamas said it is ready for a long-drawn conflict. India being a strategic partner of Israel condemned the Hamas attack and PM Modi expressed solidarity with Israel.

As soon as the conflict broke out, the external affairs minister alerted Indians in Israel to exercise caution. The ministry came up with a helpline number and on the 5th day of the conflict, India launched Operation Ajay.

What is Operation Ajay? All you need to know

1. Operation Ajay is not technically an evacuation operation. It is an operation to repatriate its citizens from Israel.

2. Special chartered flights will bring back the Indians. Indian Navy ships will be deployed if the need arises.

3. Indians in Israel who wish to return will be facilitated in this operation. There are around 18,000 Indians in Israel including students, professionals and traders. “Launching #OperationAjay to facilitate the return from Israel of our citizens who wish to return. Special charter flights and other arrangements (are) being put in place. Fully committed to the safety and well-being of our nationals abroad," external affairs minister S Jaishankar tweeted on Wednesday. Jaishankar has also spoken to UAE's foreign minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed on Wednesday.

4. The first flight is on Thursday as the embassy in Tel Aviv emailed the first batch of registered Indians in Israel. “Messages to other registered people will follow for subsequent flights,” the mission said.

5. A 24-hour control room in New Delhi is monitoring the situation in Israel and Palestine. The phone numbers for the control room are 1800118797 (toll free), +91-11 23012113, +91-11-23014104, +91-11-23017905 and +919968291988, and the email ID is situationroom@mea.gov.in. The Indian embassy’s 24-hour emergency helpline can be accessed on the numbers +972-35226748 and +972-543278392, and the email ID cons1.telaviv@mea.gov.in

6. The first batch of Indians is expected to be brought back from Israel in a special flight on Thursday.

Israel's Consul General in Mumbai Kobbi Shoshani said he had no information of any Indian national injured or killed in the ongoing fight. Actor Nushrratt Bharuccha was in Israel to attend the Haifa International Film Festival when the conflict began. The actor was safely brought back to India.

Around 27 people from Meghalaya including Rajya Sabha member Wanweiroy Kharlukhi, were stranded in Bethlehem when the conflict broke out. The MEA arranged for their safe passage into Egypt..

Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : October 13, 2023
A)
Tripura
B)
Nagaland
C)
Ladakh
D)
Jharkhand

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Ladakh


In Ladakh, the two-day Ladakh Zanskar Festival 2023 will start at 11 am on 13th Oct 2023 at Padum in Zanskar.  

The 8th edition of Zanskar festival will begin 13th Oct 2023 with participation of cultural troops from all over Ladakh.  

Exhibition stalls displaying traditional cuisine, attire, lifestyle, ethnicity and unique Zanskar culture.  

Major attractions of the festival will be cultural presentations from famous cultural troops, Folk Songs and dance. .

Source : AIR

Published On : October 13, 2023
A)
111
B)
107
C)
95
D)
82

Correct Answer : Option (A) - 111


India ranks 111 out of a total of 125 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023, with its progress against hunger nearly halted since 2015, reflecting a global trend. The Union government, though, contested India’s performance for the third year in a row, citing flawed methodology.

Afghanistan, Haiti and 12 sub-Saharan countries perform worse than India on the GHI.

India’s ranking is based on a Global Hunger Index score of 28.7 on a 100-point scale where 0 is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst. This categorises India’s severity of hunger as “serious”. The GHI score is based on a formula which combines four indicators that together capture the multi-dimensional nature of hunger, including under-nourishment, child stunting, child wasting, and child mortality.

While India made significant strides between 2000 and 2015, with its score improving from 38.4 in 2000 to 35.5 in 2008 and 29.2 in 2015, over the past eight years, the country has advanced on the GHI by only 0.5 points. The 2000, 2008 and 2015 GHI scores are the only data that can be used for valid comparisons over time.

India’s performance mirrors a global trend. The 2023 GHI score for the world is 18.3, which is considered moderate. However, it is only one point below the world’s 2015 GHI score of 19.1. Globally, the share of people who are undernourished, which is one of the indicators used in the index, actually rose from 7.5% in 2017 to 9.2% in 2022, reaching about 735 million.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) yet again questioned the GHI and called it a “flawed measure of hunger that doesn’t reflect India’s true position”. It said that data recorded on its Poshan Tracker portal showed child wasting prevalence of 7.2% among a total of 7.24 crore under-five-year-olds whose data was captured, whereas the GHI used a value of 18.7% for child wasting. The latter, however, comes from the National Family Health Survey 5 (NFHS) 2019-2021, which is reported in the global repository, Joint Malnutrition Estimates Joint Data Set Including Survey Estimates, set up to ensure harmonised child nutrition estimates.

“The GHI uses the same data sources for all countries to calculate the respective country scores. This ensures that all the rates used have been produced using comparable methodologies. Introducing exceptions to this process for any country or countries would compromise the comparability of the results and the ranking,” Miriam Wiemers, senior policy advisor at the GHI, said in an email response.

The second objection the MoWCD reiterated this year was the alleged use of a telephone-based opinion poll to calculate undernourishment, one of the indicators used in GHI. The GHI has maintained that it doesn’t use the poll, but relies on data from India’s Food Balance Sheet to calculate undernourishment.

South Asia and Africa South of the Sahara are the world regions with the highest hunger levels, with GHI scores of 27.0 each, indicating serious hunger. West Asia and North Africa is the region with the third-highest hunger level with a score of 11.9 indicating “moderate” hunger level.

Latin American and the Caribbean is the only region in the world whose GHI scores have worsened between 2015 and 2023.

East and Southeast Asia, dominated by populous China, has the second-lowest 2023 GHI score of any region in the report. China, for example, is among the top 20 countries that each have a GHI score of less than 5.

The region with the lowest 2023 GHI score is Europe and Central Asia, whose score of 6.0 is considered “low”.

According to the GHI 2023 report, the stagnation in the fight against global hunger is largely due “to the combined effects of overlapping crises, including the COVID-19 pandemic, the Russia-Ukraine war, economic stagnation, the impacts of climate change, and the intractable conflicts facing many countries of the world”. It adds that the combination of these crises have led to a cost of living crisis and exhausted the coping capacity of many countries..

Source : The Hindu

Published On : October 13, 2023