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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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Correct Answer : Option (B) - Egypt

Abdel Fattah El-Sisi was sworn in for his third term as President of Egypt. President Sisi won the presidential election held in December 2023 with 88.6% of the votes.

With this, Al-Sisi will remain the President of the third most populous country in the Arab region till the year 2030.

Published On : April 3, 2024
Mr. Siddique
Santosh Kumar Jha
Bhartesh Kumar Jain
T K Ramachandran

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Santosh Kumar Jha

Santosh Kumar Jha, an Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS) officer of 1992 batch, will take the charge as the Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd., (KRCL) on Monday, April 1, 2024.

An official communique from KRCL here said Mr. Jha was the Director (Operations and Commercial) with KRCL, a public sector undertaking under the Ministry of Railways. He has done M.Sc. in Geology from Lucknow University and MBA in Marketing from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai.

Mr. Jha has 28 years experience in Operations, Infrastructure Planning, and Business Development. He had held positions of Head of Operations in major divisions of Railways and had led significant business units in the logistics sector.

His experience spans over 15 years in Commercial and Business Development roles in Railways and the Logistics sector. Mr. Jha’s expertise extends to handling Custom procedures, leading Training and Rajbhasha Divisions, and playing an important role in Strategic Planning. He has been instrumental in setting up Multi-Modal Logistic Hubs, Sidings, and Private Freight Terminals.

Source : The Hindu

Published On : April 3, 2024
PepsiCo India
Nestlé India
Coca-Cola India

Correct Answer : Option (A) - PepsiCo India

In a significant move, PepsiCo India announces a massive investment of ?1,266 crore to establish a cutting-edge flavour manufacturing facility in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.

Scheduled to commence operations in the first quarter of 2026, this plant marks a pivotal moment for both PepsiCo and the local economy.

Key Highlights :

1. Economic Impact and Job Creation :
* The establishment of this facility is poised to generate substantial employment opportunities, bolstering the local job market.
* It is expected to positively impact the regional economy, fostering growth and development in Ujjain and its surrounding areas.
2. Sustainable Practices :
* The plant will be equipped with state-of-the-art technologies aimed at optimizing water usage and replenishment.
* PepsiCo aims to achieve an impressive 90% overall water efficiency and to replenish 100% of the water utilized within the facility, emphasizing its commitment to sustainability.
3. Environmental Conservation :
* Embracing renewable energy sources, the facility will operate entirely on sustainable power, significantly reducing its carbon footprint.
* The company anticipates a substantial reduction of 1.9 metric tonnes of carbon emissions per day, contributing to environmental conservation efforts.

PepsiCo’s investment underscores its dedication to innovation, sustainability, and community development, marking a significant milestone in the beverage and packaged foods industry in India.

Published On : April 3, 2024
Infosys and Audi
Wipro and Mercedes-Benz
Mahindra Group and Porsche
Tata Technologies and BMW Group

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Tata Technologies and BMW Group

Tata Technologies and BMW Group have inked a partnership to establish an automotive software and IT development center in Chennai, Pune, and Bengaluru. With Chennai’s prominence in housing IT solution hubs for auto giants like Visteon, Ford, and Renault Nissan, the focus here will be on business IT solutions.

Sub-Headers and Points :

Joint Venture Formation :
* Tata Technologies and BMW Group sign an agreement.
* Aim to establish an automotive software and IT development hub.
Geographical Focus :
* Chennai, Pune, and Bengaluru selected as key locations.
* Chennai earmarked for business IT solutions, leveraging existing automotive IT infrastructure.
Operational Focus :
* Deliver automotive software, including software-defined vehicle (SDV) solutions for BMW Group’s premium vehicles.
* Offer digital transformation solutions for business IT needs.
Initial Operations and Growth :
* JV commences with 100 employees, aiming for rapid expansion.
* Intends to grow to a four-digit employee count in subsequent years.

Integration with BMW’s Global Network

* To become part of BMW Group’s global network of software and IT hubs.
* Development and operations to be established in Bengaluru and Pune.
Leveraging Tata Technologies’ Expertise
* Utilizing Tata Technologies’ digital engineering expertise and talent pool in India.
* Contribution to BMW Group’s strategic expansion of software coding capabilities.
Focus on Automotive Software
* Strategic software development with emphasis on SDV solutions.
* Areas include automated driving, infotainment, and digital services.
Business IT Solutions
* Chennai hub’s emphasis on digitalization and automation.
* Focus areas include product development, production, and sales.

Published On : April 3, 2024
April 2, 2024
April 1, 2024
March 31, 2024
March 30, 2024

Correct Answer : Option (C) - March 31, 2024

Barbara Rush, who took home the prestigious Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer in ‘It Came From Outer Space’ and later became a household name due to her performance in the television series ‘Peyton Place,’ passed away on March 31, 2024 (local time) at the age of 97.

Her daughter, Claudia Cowan, confirmed the news of her death to Fox News Digital. “My wonderful mother passed away peacefully at 5:28 this evening. I was with her this morning and know she was waiting for me to return home safely to transition. It’s fitting she chose to leave on Easter as it was one of her favorite holidays and now, of course, Easter will have a deeper significance for me and my family.”

Born in Denver in 1927, Rush signed with Paramount Pictures after completing her graduation. Her film debut was in ‘The Goldbergs,’ followed by a role in the sci-fi film ‘When Worlds Collide,’ which garnered her immense praise.

In addition to these, Rush had appeared in films such as ‘The Young Philadelphians,’ ‘Magnificent Obsession,’ ‘Robin and the 7 Hoods,’ ‘Hombre’ and ‘The Young Lions.’ She had worked with many known veteran stars of her time including Rock Hudson, Marlon Brando, Dean Martin, Paul Newman, Frank Sinatra and Richard Burton.

While enjoying success in film, Rush also made significant contributions to television. She was a part of various television shows, including ‘Batman,’ ‘Maude,’ ‘Cannon,’ ‘Streets of San Francisco,’ ‘The Love Boat,’ ‘7th Heaven’ among many others.

With a career spanning more than six decades, her career left an enduring mark on Hollywood through her captivating performances. She had shown versatility with the roles she’d breathed life into, ranging from sci-fi classics to melodramas, and because of it, garnered critical acclaim and a huge fan-following of all ages.

Keeping aside her professional life, her personal life was also notable. She married actor Jeffrey Hunter in 1950 and they divorced in 1955. She then married publicist Warren Cowan in 1959, but they divorced ten years later, in 1969. Rush married sculptor Jim Gruzalski in 1970, however, they parted ways in 1973. Married three times, she is now survived by her two children, Claudia Cowan and Christopher Hunter.

Rush’s talent and charisma have solidified her status as a timeless icon in the history of American cinema. May her soul rest in peace..

Source : Outlook India

Published On : April 2, 2024
Sanjay Nayar
Preetha Reddy
Falguni Nayar
Prathap C. Reddy

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Sanjay Nayar

Sorin Investment Fund Chairman Sanjay Nayar has taken over as Assocham president for 2024-25, the industry body said on Tuesday. He replaced SpiceJet Chairman and MD Ajay Singh, who completed his tenure as the chamber's president.

"Nayar brings experience of four decades in global financial and capital markets, including 25 years at Citi and nearly 14 at KKR, before retiring last year. He established KKR India operations in 2009 after leaving Citigroup. At KKR, Sanjay led investments of around USD 14 billion in private equity, real estate, and infrastructure, and credited with private equity being the largest at approximately USD 10 billion valuation," Assocham stated. He worked across senior leadership positions in Citigroup for 25 years in India, the UK, and the US.

He also serves as a Non-Executive Director at NYKAA founded by him and his wife Falguni Nayar. Nayar was recently appointed as a non-official member of the Board of Trade, representing the private sector, and is a member of the National Startup Advisory Council.

Nayar is also a member of the Board of the US-India Strategic Partnership Forum. "During my Presidency, my Assocham colleagues and I will work closely with the government on the visionary goal of our Prime Minister Narendra Modi for India to become a developed nation with a multi-fold increase in the country's per capita income and continuation of bold economic growth.

"I look forward to supporting the efforts being made by the industry to achieve the country's sustainability goals," Nayar said..

Source : Money Control

Published On : April 2, 2024
Dhamra Port
Cochin Port
Gopalpur Port
Paradip Port

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Paradip Port

Paradip Port Authority, Odisha, surpasses Deendayal Port Authority, Kandla, to become India’s leading cargo-handling major port in the fiscal year 2023-24, handling 145.38 Million Metric Tons (MMT) of cargo, marking a 7.4% growth from the previous year.

Achievements :

Coastal Shipping Hub :
* Handled 59.19 million metric tonnes of coastal shipping traffic.
* Managed 43.97 million metric tonnes of thermal coal coastal shipping.
Productivity Excellence
* Achieved highest productivity among all major ports in India.
* Improved berth productivity from 31050 MT to 33014 MT.
Cost Efficiency
* Offers the lowest tariffs among all Indian ports.
* Frozen tariff rates for cargo handling for three years starting in 2022 as part of business development plan.

About Paradip Port :

* Established by the Odisha government in 1962; taken over by the Indian government in 1965.
* Declared a major port by the Indian government on April 18, 1966, becoming the 8th major port of India.
* Operates as an autonomous body under the Major Port Trusts Act 1963, under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways, administered by a Board of Trustees appointed by the Government of India.

Published On : April 2, 2024

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 125th

Perched atop the picturesque Palani Hills in Tamil Nadu, the iconic Kodaikanal Solar Observatory (KSO) recently commemorated a remarkable milestone – its 125th anniversary of studying the celestial body that sustains life on Earth, the Sun. On April 1, 2024, the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), an autonomous institute under the Department of Science and Technology, organized a grand celebration to honor the legacy of this historic observatory and felicitate the scientists who have dedicated their lives to advancing our understanding of our star.

A Legacy Etched in Time :

* Established on April 1, 1899, by the British, the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory has been a cradle of groundbreaking research in solar astrophysics for over a century. Throughout its illustrious history, the observatory has been the birthplace of numerous pathbreaking discoveries that have profoundly impacted our perception of the Sun and its intricate workings.

* One of the most remarkable achievements of KSO is its possession of one of the longest continuous daily records of the Sun in the world. This unique database, comprising more than 1.2 lakh digitized solar images and thousands of new images captured every day since the dawn of the 20th century, has been painstakingly preserved and digitized, making it a treasure trove for astronomers from across the globe.

Tracing the Origins :

The roots of the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory can be traced back to the Madras Observatory, established in 1792, which laid the foundations for India’s foray into the realm of astronomical exploration. Over time, this seed of scientific curiosity blossomed into the IIA, an autonomous institution under the Department of Science and Technology, with KSO operating as one of its esteemed field stations.

Celebrating Achievements and Honoring Pioneers :

* During the 125th anniversary celebrations, IIA paid tribute to the rich history of KSO and the countless scientists who have contributed to its success. Prof. Annapurni Subramaniam, the Director of IIA, highlighted the observatory’s legacy and the continuous innovation required to keep pace with the ever-evolving technological landscape while transferring skills through generations of scientists.

* Prof. Siraj Hasan, a former Director of IIA and a renowned solar physicist, reflected on the groundbreaking discovery of the Evershed Effect, an observed radial flow of gas in sunspots, made at the observatory in 1909. He also shed light on the herculean efforts undertaken to digitize the entire scientific dataset, a invaluable resource for astronomers worldwide.

Raising Awareness and Inspiring Future Generations :

* S. Seetha, a former Director of the Space Science Program Office at ISRO, underlined the importance of incorporating the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory’s significance into school and college textbooks, ensuring that future generations of students are aware of this unique and remarkable institution.

* A.S. Kiran Kumar, the former Chairman of ISRO and the current Chairperson of IIA’s Governing Council, unveiled the KSO 125 logo for the anniversary celebrations, along with a booklet detailing the observatory’s history and research highlights. He emphasized the incredible scientific value of the 125 years of continuous solar observations and challenged the astronomers of today to continue making new discoveries using this dataset with modern tools.

Legacy and the Future of Solar Exploration :

* The event brought into focus the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory’s pivotal role in deciphering the Sun from Indian soil, a legacy that spans more than a century and a half. From chasing solar eclipses and discovering the element helium in 1868 to unraveling the intricate plasma processes that govern the production of prominences and flares, KSO has been at the forefront of solar exploration.

* This rich legacy continues to be carried forward through IIA’s cutting-edge projects, such as the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph onboard the recently launched Aditya-L1 and the proposed National Large Solar Telescope in Ladakh. These initiatives are poised to push the boundaries of our understanding of the Sun and solidify India’s position as a global leader in solar astrophysics.

* As the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory celebrates its 125th anniversary, it stands as a testament to the unwavering pursuit of knowledge, the relentless dedication of generations of scientists, and the enduring human fascination with the celestial wonders that grace our skies.

Published On : April 2, 2024
NHPC and Panasonic
Tata and Panasonic
IOCL and Panasonic
SAIL and Panasonic

Correct Answer : Option (C) - IOCL and Panasonic

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL) has collaborated with Panasonic Energy to establish a joint venture aimed at producing lithium-ion cells in India. This strategic partnership comes in response to the anticipated surge in demand for electric vehicles (EVs) and energy storage solutions within the country.

Key points :

Initial Understanding to Joint Venture : The collaboration follows an initial understanding between IOCL and Panasonic in January regarding lithium-ion cell production.

Objective : The joint venture aims to capitalize on India’s ambitious target of achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2070 and support the transition to sustainable mobility and energy solutions.

Significance of Lithium-ion Batteries : Lithium-ion batteries serve as critical components in EVs and renewable energy storage systems, making them indispensable for India’s clean energy goals.

Projected EV Sales and Demand : India targets selling over 10 million EVs annually by 2030, as per the Indian government’s Economic Survey, driving a substantial increase in demand for lithium-ion batteries.

Utilizing Expertise and Resources : The partnership leverages IOCL’s extensive refining and distribution capabilities along with Panasonic’s battery technology expertise.

Location and Production Capacity : Details regarding the location and production capacity of the lithium-ion battery plant are yet to be disclosed.

Impact on Carbon Footprint and Clean Energy Adoption : The collaboration is expected to make a significant contribution to India’s efforts in reducing its carbon footprint and promoting the adoption of clean energy technologies.

India’s Lithium Reserves Discovery :

Discovery by Geological Survey of India (GSI) : The GSI recently identified significant lithium reserves of 5.9 million tonnes in the Salal-Haimana region of the Reasi district in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), as well as in Revant Hill of Degana, Nagaur of Rajasthan.

Current Import Dependency : India currently heavily relies on imports for all major components required for lithium-ion cell manufacturing, spending approximately US$ 20.64 million on lithium-based imports in the first eight months of FY 2022-23.

Expected Decrease in Import Dependency : The discovery of lithium reserves in the Reasi district is anticipated to substantially reduce India’s dependence on lithium imports, thereby enhancing the country’s self-sufficiency in this critical area.

Published On : April 2, 2024
April 1st
April 2nd
April 3rd
April 4th

Correct Answer : Option (B) - April 2nd

World Autism Awareness Day is on April 2nd every year. It aims to raise awareness and support for people with autism. The theme for 2024 is “Empowering Autistic Voices.” A report says around 18 million people in India have autism. Between 1-1.5% of children aged 2-9 years old are diagnosed with autism. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.

World Autism Awareness Day, History :

The United Nations established World Autism Awareness Day in 2007. The goal is to increase public awareness, accept and empower individuals with autism, and recognize their contributions to society.

Key Points :

* Autism affects social interaction, communication, and behaviour
* Causes can include premature birth, pollution, genetics
* Early signs include lack of response, avoiding eye contact, repeated movements
* Therapies and medications can help manage symptoms
* World Autism Awareness Day raises global awareness and support

What is Autism?

* Autism is a disorder that makes it hard for people to interact with others and communicate. People with autism may also have unusual behaviors and have trouble switching between activities. They may focus a lot on details and react strongly to sensations like sounds or textures.

Causes of Autism

Some possible causes of autism include :

* Being born very premature or with low birth weight
* The mother being exposed to air pollution or being obese during pregnancy
* Diabetes or immune system problems in the mother
* Genetics

Risk Factors :

Things that increase the risk of autism include :

* Having a sibling with autism
* Having certain genetic conditions
* Complications during birth
* Being born to older parents

Symptoms of Autism :

Signs of autism in young children :

* Not responding to their name
* Avoiding eye contact
* Repeating movements over and over
* Delayed speech development

Signs in older children :

* Trouble understanding others’ thoughts and feelings
* Unusual speech patterns
* Sticking to strict routines
* Difficulty making friends

Treatment :

Treatment for autism aims to reduce symptoms and improve learning and skills. It may include:

* Different therapies to help with speech and behaviour
* Medications for related medical conditions

Published On : April 2, 2024