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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
Jitendra Singh
B)
S. Jaishankar
C)
Anurag Singh Thakur
D)
Rajnath Singh

Correct Answer :   Jitendra Singh


Union Minister of Science & Technology, Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated (11th Mar 2024) the first-of- its-kind "National Speed Breeding Crop Facility" at the premier National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI) in Mohali.

Speaking on the occasion as chief guest, Dr. Jitendra Singh said, “this initiative is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s priority of doubling the farmer`s Income, ensuring their economic empowerment and promoting Agri-StartUps”. He said, farmers will now have the opportunity to improve their crop qualitatively as well as quantitatively.

Dr. Jitendra Singh said, “Biotechnology speedy seeds facility will cater to all the States of India but it will especially be useful for the North Indian States like Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and the UT of J&K. Adding further he said, “this facility will augment transformational changes in crop improvement programmes by accelerating the development of advanced crop varieties that could sustain climate change and contribute to the food and nutritional demand of the population with implementation of speed breeding cropping methods”.

The Minister said, “DBT institute of NABI has developed technology of ‘Climate- resistant crops’, by harnessing these technologies the farmers will not be restrained to cultivate a crop in a particular season rather they will have the liberty to practise farming irrespective of climate conduciveness”.


Dr. Jitendra Singh, while highlighting the recent achievements of institutes under the Ministry of Science & Technology, said, “Our institutes have specialised technologies in fruit, flowers and crop cultivation through modern genetic means”. He recalled the success of ‘Tulip’ Cultivation by CSIR Palampur, he also recalled the development of ‘108-petal lotus’ by CSIR Lucknow which won an award in the TV series KBC. He further emphasised that application of latest technology in the farming sector will add to the economic growth of the country by supplementing modern Science and Technology tools to the traditional vocation of farming in India.

“Bio-manufacturing and Bio-foundry will drive India’s future bio-economy and promote Green Growth”, said Dr. Jitendra Singh. According to him, the Ministry is working with a synergy and integrative approach keeping in view the emphasis of PM Modi on combining Science and Technology with traditional knowledge to supplement India’s economy.

Dr. Jitendra Singh also highlighted the fact that under PM Modi “India's bio-economy has grown 13 folds in the last 10 years from $10 billion in 2014 to over $130 billion in 2024”..

Source : PIB

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
$15.5 million
B)
$20.5 million
C)
$24.5 million
D)
$27.5 million

Correct Answer :   $24.5 million


The Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) has secured $24.5 million from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for its inaugural anchored project, the Avaana Sustainability Fund (ASF), valued at $120 million. This funding marks a significant milestone in climate finance and sustainability initiatives within India.

GCF Approval and Commitment :

* GCF, a pivotal component of the Paris Agreement, approved SIDBI’s ASF project and committed the investment during its 38th board meeting in Rwanda on March 5.
* The ASF project’s primary objective is to invest in early-stage companies leveraging technology-led innovation to drive climate solutions and sustainability in India.

Anticipated Outcomes :

* SIDBI projects significant contributions to climate change mitigation, adaptation, and the enhancement of resilience in vulnerable sectors of the Indian economy through the ASF project.

SIDBI’s Commitment :

* SIDBI views this development as the successful launch of its first project, with several additional projects in the pipeline.
* The bank remains steadfast in its commitment to advancing India’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and effecting substantial global change through its expertise in Green and Climate Finance.

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Ashwini Vaishnaw
B)
S. Jaishankar
C)
Rajeev Chandrasekhar
D)
Dharmendra Pradhan

Correct Answer :   Rajeev Chandrasekhar


Union Minister of State for Electronics and IT, Skill Development, Entrepreneurship and Jal Shakti, Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar inaugurated India’s first FutureLABS center in C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram today (12th Mar 2024).

This center, namely, “Centre for Semiconductor Chips & Systems for Strategic Electronics”, will be playing a crucial role in catalyzing an ecosystem for next generation chip design, manufacturing, and research.

Among the other announcements, there was a collaboration announced between C-DAC (T) and the Ministry of Railways for the development of electric locomotive technologies. An MoU was signed between C-DAC(T) and Tata Power for the development and deployment of microgrid technologies.

There was also the announcement for the transfer of technology of the electric vehicle wireless charger, developed by C-DAC(T) and VNIT Nagpur, to BelRise Industries Limited.


Along With key industry partners, the Minister addressed over 100 students and explained to them what this center will provide to them in terms of opportunities.

Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar said, “You have seen the amount of silicon in Chandrayaan 3 and electronics in INS Vikrant, both have deep roots in Kerala. The idea of FutureLABS is really a partnership between CDAC as the government system, industry, students, startups, and academia.

Our vision is very clear in the government and in the industry, that the world’s digitization and the digital economies of the world are expanding today at an unprecedented pace. Three areas have great potential for Indian startups and students — AI, Semiconductors, and the future of electronics. CDAC will be a willing and facilitating partner to create these labs within colleges and universities. This initiative will make Thiruvananthapuram India’s next innovation hub.”..

Source : PIB

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Thailand
B)
Philippines
C)
Indonesia
D)
Thailand

Correct Answer :   Thailand


Researchers have made an exciting discovery – a previously unknown scorpion species with 8 eyes and 8 legs in Thailand’s Kaeng Krachan National Park.

The Discovery :

* During a wildlife expedition in the park, located near the Tenasserim Mountain Range, a team of researchers stumbled upon this new scorpion species hidden under a rock while camping. They studied three adult males and one adult female of this species and published their findings in the journal ZooKeys.

A New Euscorpiops Species :

* This newly discovered species belongs to the subgenus Euscorpiops and has been named Euscorpiops Krachan, after the national park where it was found.

Features of the New Species :

According to the study, the new species exhibits most features of other scorpions in the Euscorpiops subgenus.

* Very small in size compared to other Euscorpiops species
* Brownish in color, with females darker than males
* Possesses 8 eyes and 8 legs

Hunting Behavior

* Like other Scorpiops genus scorpions, the new species is believed to employ “ambush or sit-and-wait type of foraging” strategies while hunting.

Limited Distribution :

* The study found that scorpions in this genus have limited distribution ranges with a high degree of endemism (species found only in a particular area).

Recent Marine Slug Discovery :

Earlier, the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) discovered a new species of marine slug molluscs on the wet and sandy beaches of Odisha and Bengal. This new species, named Melanochlamys Droupadi after President Droupadi Murmu, was found in the low intertidal zones of Digha in West Bengal and Udaypur in Odisha. The discovery of these new species highlights the rich biodiversity in Thailand and India, and the importance of continued exploration and research to uncover and document the diverse life forms on our planet.

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Droupadi Murmu
B)
Narendra Modi
C)
Amit Shah
D)
Yogi Adityanath

Correct Answer :   Narendra Modi


Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated (12th Mar 2024) India's first automobile in-plant railway siding at Suzuki Motor Gujarat (SMG), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the country's largest carmaker Maruti Suzuki India.

The inauguration was done via video conferencing.

As part of the government's Gati Shakti programme, the in-plant railway siding at SMG aims to reduce carbon footprint in logistics, bring down fossil fuel consumption and reduce road congestion.

The SMG railway siding project is a collaboration between Maruti and Gujarat Rail Infrastructure Development (G-RIDE). Once fully operational, the facility can dispatch 300,000 cars annually to 15 destinations across India.

"We are honoured to be part of the Prime Minister's ambitious Gati Shakti programme that fosters efficiencies in logistics. Today marks a significant milestone as we become India's first automobile company to have a railway siding facility within its manufacturing plant," said Hisashi Takeuchi, MD and CEO, Maruti.


"As we gear to double our production capacity from present 2,000,000 units per annum to 4,000,000 units per annum by FY31, the dispatches of vehicles from railways too will increase multifold. This in-plant railway facility reinforces our commitment towards sustainable mobility," he added.

Maruti recently announced the establishment of a fourth production line, to become operational by FY27, at SMG with an investment of Rs 3,200 crore. With its completion, the SMG facility's annual production capacity will increase from the current 750,000 units to 1,000,000 units.

The carmaker's board of directors recently approved the acquisition of SMG from Suzuki Motor Corporation for a total purchase consideration of Rs 12,841.1 crore.

Source : India Today

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Gujarat
B)
Madhya Pradesh
C)
Himachal Pradesh
D)
Arunachal Pradesh

Correct Answer :   Gujarat


Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the redeveloped Kochrab Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat on Tuesday (12th Mar 2024) to mark the 94th anniversary of the Dandi March.

The Prime Minister also revealed the master plan for the Rs 1,200 crore Gandhi Ashram Memorial and Precinct Development Project.

Kochrab Ashram holds significant historical importance as the first ashram established by Mahatma Gandhi upon his return to India from South Africa in 1915. During the inauguration, Modi emphasised its role in preserving the legacy of Gandhi’s teachings.

On 20 May, 1915, Gandhi took residence in a dwelling located in the Kochrab hamlet, near Paldi, situated on the outskirts of Ahmedabad. The bungalow, generously provided by Jeevanlal Desai, a fellow lawyer and colleague, later became the Satyagraha Ashram under Gandhi. It is still preserved as a memorial and tourist place by deemed university Gujarat Vidyapith.



Kochrab Ashram, where Gandhi stayed for two years, served as a communal living space promoting self-improvement, self-sufficiency, and community service. The redeveloped ashram now features modern amenities while preserving Mahatma Gandhi’s belongings and historical documents.

Gandhi drafted a set of rules and observances for the ashramites, later adopted as ashram observances. About 25 men and women, associates of Gandhi in South Africa, including Maganlal Gandhi, became the initial members of the Ashram Community.


Questions arose when Gandhi admitted a Dalit family — Dudhabhai, Daani ben, and their daughter Lakshmi, as ashram members — leading to controversy within and outside the ashram.

Monetary assistance ceased, and despite the pressure, Gandhi remained resolute and was ready to close down the ashram. It was then that industrialist and philanthropist Ambalal Sarabhai stepped in and donated Rs 13,000 to save it from financial crisis.

In his autobiography My Experiments with Truth, Gandhi talks about how when a plague broke out he saw “the evident danger to the safety of the ashram children”. His ideal was to have the ashram at a safe distance and was determined to “settle on the ground of our own” He left Kochrab after the plague.

The ashram also served as the starting point for Gandhi’s advocacy of khadi, equality for the poor, Hindi as the national language, self-reliance, and independence.

Satyagraha Ashram, Kochrab has Gandhi’s room, his wife Kasturba’s room, a library, kitchen, store room, washroom, and a newly-constructed activity centre.

The colonial-style building underwent a significant revamp to transform into a centre of heritage and knowledge. Modern techniques have helped preserve Gandhi’s belongings and historical documents.

Modi told his audience Tuesday: “Mahatma Gandhi stayed at the Kochrab Ashram for two years after having returned from South Africa and this is where he learnt how to use the charkha and do other works before moving to Sabarmati Ashram. After the redevelopment, the memories of his initial days will be safely conserved in the Kochrab Ashram.”


He also wrote on microblogging site X, “Bapu’s ideals are our guiding light. The inauguration of the revamped Kochrab Ashram and launch of the Gandhi Ashram Memorial Master Plan will further his vision and inspire every Indian for generations to come.”

The Gandhi Ashram Memorial master plan aims to expand the existing five-acre of the ashram to 55 acres, restoring and conserving 36 buildings, including Gandhi’s residence, Hriday Kunj. The plan includes new structures for administration facilities, visitor amenities, interactive workshops, and public utilities. An orientation centre, a library, and archive buildings will be built to safeguard and disseminate Gandhi’s ideas.

Modi further said “a nation unable to safeguard its heritage jeopardises its future. Bapu’s Sabarmati Ashram is not merely the heritage of our country but that of humanity as a whole”.

Expressing gratitude for the cooperation of ashram dwellers in reclaiming the 55-acre plot, he attributed the prolonged neglect of such monuments to a lack of willpower, a “colonial mindset”, and “appeasement”, adding Gujarat had “shown the way to the preservation of heritage for the entire nation”..

Source : The Print

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Nayab Singh Saini
B)
Atul Pradhan
C)
Bhupendra Yadav
D)
Bandaru Dattatreya

Correct Answer :   Nayab Singh Saini


Nayab Singh Saini, an influential leader from the Other Backward Classes (OBC) community, has been appointed as the new Chief Minister of Haryana. The decision was announced by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday afternoon, shortly after Manohar Lal Khattar, the outgoing Chief Minister and his entire cabinet stepped down.

Rise Through Party Ranks :

Saini, the sitting Member of Parliament from Kurukshetra, has been associated with the BJP since 1996. He has held various organizational roles within the party and has steadily progressed through significant positions. In 2014, Saini was elected as an MLA from the Narayangarh constituency, and in 2016, he was appointed as a minister in the Haryana government.

Electoral Success :

In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, Saini secured a resounding victory from the Kurukshetra constituency, defeating his closest rival from the Indian National Congress by a substantial margin. His electoral success and support base within the OBC community are considered crucial factors in his appointment as the new Chief Minister.

Caste Considerations and Khattar’s Confidante :

Saini’s appointment is seen as a strategic move by the BJP to consolidate its support among the OBC community, which constitutes a significant voter base in the state. Additionally, Saini is known to be a confidante of the outgoing Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar, further strengthening his position within the party.

Swearing-in Ceremony :

Nayab Singh Saini is scheduled to take oath as the new Chief Minister of Haryana at 5 pm today. The BJP leadership hopes that his appointment will help the party maintain its grip on the state and garner support from the OBC community in future elections.

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Telangana
B)
M.K. Stalin
C)
Karnataka
D)
Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer :   M.K. Stalin


Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M.K. Stalin on Tuesday, March 12, 2024, announced that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), whose rules were notified by the Union Home Ministry on 11th March 2024, will not be implemented in the state. The decision comes amid growing concerns that the CAA goes against minorities and Sri Lankan Tamils living in camps in Tamil Nadu.

Assembly Resolution and Opposition from Other States :

* Recalling the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly‘s resolution against the CAA on September 8, 2021, Stalin highlighted the voices of opposition to the controversial act from other states as well. He questioned whether the notification of rules was timed to coincide with the upcoming elections and divert public attention from the Supreme Court’s electoral bonds issue.

CAA: Expedited Citizenship for Non-Muslims :

* The CAA, passed by the Parliament in 2019, aims to expedite the citizenship process for non-Muslim migrants, including Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, and Christians, who migrated from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan and arrived in India before 2014. However, the act has faced widespread protests and criticism from opposition parties for its perceived discrimination against Muslim immigrants.

Opposition Alleges Political Motives :

* Stalin hit out at the BJP regime at the Centre for notifying the CAA rules “in haste” when the Lok Sabha polls are approaching. The opposition parties have accused the ruling BJP of introducing the CAA for political gains and to polarize voters along religious lines ahead of the elections.

Concerns over Minority Rights and Sri Lankan Tamils :

* The Tamil Nadu government’s decision to reject the CAA implementation stems from concerns over its potential impact on minority rights and the well-being of Sri Lankan Tamils residing in camps within the state. The move is expected to resonate with the significant Tamil population in the state and garner support for the ruling party in the upcoming elections.

* As the election season intensifies, the CAA debate is likely to remain a contentious issue, with opposition parties vowing to challenge its implementation and the ruling BJP defending the act as a measure to protect persecuted minorities from neighboring countries.

Published On : March 13, 2024
A)
Amit Shah
B)
Anurag Thakur
C)
Arjun Ram Meghwal
D)
Rajnath Singh

Correct Answer :   Arjun Ram Meghwal


The National Archives of India is celebrating its 134th Foundation Day. On this occasion, a digital exhibition “Subhash Abhinandan”, based on the life of Subhash Chandra Bose is being organized. This exhibition is based on documents available in the National Archives. Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs & Culture, Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal will launch the exhibition on 11 March 2024 (Monday)  09:00 am at National Achieves of India Janpath Road, Opposite IGNCA, near Shastri Bhavan, New Delhi.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's personal records are preserved in the National Archives of India and can be accessed on Netaji Portal (http://www.netajipapers.gov.in/) and Abhilekh-Patal (https://www.abhilekh-patal.in/jspui/). In these records, letters written by him, diary of his father Shri Janaki Nath Bose, documents of Azad Hind Fauj and many government documents related to him are available.

The exhibition comprises 16 sections covering the period from his birth to the present time. It provides a glimpse of his life through documents, showcasing significant items such as Janaki Nath Bose's diary, his birth, his civil service examination results and more. The decades of struggle from 1920 to 1940 are well documented, offering insights into his speeches, his adventurous journey and the struggle of Azad Hind Fauj.

Additionally, the exhibition addresses the award and deferral of the Bharat Ratna and the efforts made by the Ministry of Culture to honor Netaji. The following 16 panels discuss various aspects of his life: Birth, Prodigious Talent, Freedom Fighters-I, Freedom Fighters-II, Freedom Fighters-III, International Activities, Articles and Speech-I, Articles and Speeches-II, Courageous Journey, Azad Hind Fauj (Senapati)-I, Azad Hind Fauj (Rani Jhansi Regiment)-II, Azad Hind Fauj (Decoration)-III, Delhi Chalo, Ek Rahasya (A Mystery), Bharat Ratna and efforts by everyone. This exhibition offers a unique experience and also available in virtual reality.

The National Archives of India is an Attached Office under the Ministry of Culture. It was established on 11 March 1891 at Kolkata (Calcutta) as the Imperial Record Department. Following the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911, the present building of the National Archives of India was constructed in 1926 which was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. The transfer of all records from Calcutta to New Delhi was completed in 1937. The National Archives of India is also the nodal agency for the implementation of the Public Records Act, 1993 and Public Record Rules, 1997.

National Archives of India has at present in its repositories a collection of over 34.00 cr. pages of Public Records, which include files, volumes, maps, bills assented to by the President of India, treaties, rare manuscripts, oriental records, private papers, cartographic records, important collection of Gazettes and Gazetteers, Census records, assembly and parliament debates, proscribed literature, travel accounts etc. A major chunk of Oriental records is in Sanskrit, Persian and Odia..

Source : PIB

Published On : March 12, 2024
A)
Uttarakhand
B)
Jharkhand
C)
Uttar Pradesh
D)
Madhya Pradesh

Correct Answer :   Madhya Pradesh


* Justice Satyendra Kumar Singh has been appointed as the new Lokayukta (anti-corruption ombudsman) of Madhya Pradesh.

* The General Administration Department (GAD) of the state government on Saturday (9th Mar 2024) night issued an order in this regard.

* Justice Singh was appointed as Lokayukta (anti-corruption ombudsman) under the Madhya Pradesh Lokayukta and Up-Lokayukta Adhiniyam 1981, the order stated.

Published On : March 12, 2024