Correct Answer : Option (B) - United Kingdom
Brucella canis, an incurable disease which was spreading through dogs in the United Kingdom (UK), has now been transferred to humans. Three British citizens have been infected with Brucella canis, which causes infertility, mobility issues and discomfort in affected dogs. This infection can be transmitted through contact with bodily fluids.
Since the summer of 2020, there has been a rise in the number of reports of dogs in the UK. The British Veterinary Association mentioned that Public Health England has assessed the circumstances and offers essential guidance to veterinary experts and organisations engaged in the import of dogs from regions where Brucella canis is prevalent.
What is Brucella canis?
* Canine brucellosis, an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Brucella canis (B. canis), is increasingly posing a threat to human health in the UK.
* This bacterial infection, primarily found in dogs, is highly contagious and can be transmitted to humans through direct contact with infected dogs or their reproductive or blood products.
Symptoms of Brucella canis :
* The symptoms of Brucella canis infection in humans are often mild and non-specific, making it difficult to diagnose. Common signs include intermittent or irregular fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, sweating, headaches, fatigue, and back or joint pain.
* In some cases, the illness may cause long-lasting symptoms, including recurrent fevers and fatigue.
How is Brucella canis transmitted to humans?
* Transmission of Brucella canis to humans primarily occurs through direct contact or aerosol exposure to infected animal fluids.
* Ingesting the bacteria or contamination of mucous membranes and breaks in the skin can also lead to infection. It's worth noting that the most common way people contract the disease is by consuming unpasteurized, contaminated milk or cheese.
Diagnosis of Brucella canis :
* Diagnosis of brucellosis usually involves a blood test and the infection is treated with a course of antibiotics for at least six weeks. Despite the lengthy treatment period, patients should make a full recovery, and the infection is unlikely to return.
Prevention of Brucella canis :
* Prevention of brucellosis is crucial as there is currently no vaccine available. Avoid direct or mucus membrane contact with bodily fluids (like urine, faeces, vomit, saliva, blood, wound drainage, and reproductive fluids) from infected dogs.
* Those handling animals should wear rubber gloves, especially when dealing with the internal organs of animals.
Source : India Today