Google News
Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2023

Current Affairs is a very important part of the overall preparation strategy for various Competitive Entrance and Government Recruitment Exams. Free Time Learning offers Today Current Affairs provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs for UPSC, IAS/PCS, UPPSC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, SSC, CGL, Railway, APPSC, TSPSC, KPSC, TNPSC, TPSC, UPPSC, MPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, UKPSC, MPSC, and other competitive exams.

South Africa

Correct Answer : Option (A) - India

After their 5-wicket win against Australia on Friday (22nd Sep 2023), India became the number 1 ranked team in all three formats i.e. Tests, ODIs and T20Is.

India displaced Pakistan from the top of the ODI rankings while they lead England in the T20I rankings. In the longest format, they are in the first place while Australia are right behind them.

BCCI secretary Jay Shah tweeted, “Numero Uno in Test, ODI, and T20I cricket. Heartiest congratulations to #TeamIndia for achieving this historic milestone. The rankings reflect the hard work put in by this team as they chase excellence on the field. This is fantastic achievement just ahead of the World Cup. Also 1-0 up against Australia with a win in Mohali. Let’s keep the momentum going.”

On Friday, Shubman Gill and Ruturaj Gaikwad hit fine half-centuries to guide India to a five-wicket win over Australia in the first ODI of the three-match series.

Chasing a target of 277, Gill slammed 74 off 63 balls, while Gaikwad made 71 off 77 as India overhauled the target with eight balls to spare, reaching 281 for five.

Skipper KL Rahul (58 not out) and Suryakumar Yadav (50) also struck fifties each. Earlier sent into bat, Australia were all out for 276 in 50 overs.

David Warner made 52, while Steve Smith contributed 41 and lower down the batting order, wicketkeeper Josh Inglis chipped in with 45..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : September 25, 2023
Uttar Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Arunachal Pradesh

* The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has recently recognized the Mithun as a ‘food animal,’ opening doors for its commercial use found in Arunachal Pradesh.

* Aim : To promote its meat as a commercial product can indeed have significant economic and cultural implications for the region.

* It is a captivating and culturally significant bovine species found in Northeast India.

* Its role in the livelihoods of indigenous communities, ecological balance..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : September 25, 2023

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Third

India has become the third largest startup ecosystem in the world

Startup India initiative has witnessed remarkable growth from four fifty startups in 2016 to over one lakh currently 2023.

Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal emphasized the crucial role of the country's youth as the foundation for India's development in the Amrit Kaal.

He expressed confidence that by 2047, India's economy would experience exponential growth.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday (12th Sep 2023) said the policies of the government are providing support to the youth of the country and their strength has helped India become the third largest startup ecosystem in the world.

Addressing the nation on the 77th Independence Day, he said the country's exports are growing and experts world over believe India's economy would continue its growth trajectory.

"I believe in youth power, youth power is my strength... Our policies are giving more power to youth Strength The youth of the world are getting amazed by seeing the strength of Indian youth," he said from the ramparts of the Red Fort..

Source : India Times

Published On : September 25, 2023
September 20th
September 21st
September 22nd
September 23rd

Correct Answer : Option (C) - September 22nd

World Rhino Day, observed annually on September 22nd, is a global initiative aimed at raising awareness about the critical plight of the rhinoceros species and advocating for their protection. This special day serves as a platform to highlight the challenges these magnificent creatures face and the urgent need for conservation efforts to prevent their extinction.

World Rhino Day History :

* The crisis of rhinoceros started in Africa back in 1990. By 2010, it became a nationwide hazard, and people started to express their concerns over the crisis.

* The crisis situation was soon brought to notice as only 30000 rhinos were alive at that time throughout the planet. During that time, World Wildlife Fund - South Africa announced World Rhino Day to create awareness about the crisis and the importance of saving these animals.

* In 2011, a woman called Lisa Jane Campbell wrote a mail to a fellow rhino lover, Rhishja stating the desire of seeing at least five species of rhinos thriving in the world.

* Hence, World Rhino Day became a worldwide phenomenon and continues to be celebrated throughout the world on September 22.

World Rhino Day Significance :

* Rhinoceros need saving. On this day, the organisations focused on saving wildlife get together to create awareness about the plight of rhinos in the forest and the steps that can be taken by humans to save these animals from going extinct..

Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : September 22, 2023
September 19th
September 20th
September 21st
September 22nd

Correct Answer : Option (D) - September 22nd

The Welfare of Cancer Patients Day, also known as World Rose Day, is observed annually on September 22. The day is dedicated to individuals who are suffering from cancer across the globe. The day commemorates the 12-year-old Canadian cancer patient Melinda Rose, who suffered from cancer and died in 1996.

This global day is celebrated to support the brave hearts who are going through mental and physical struggles every moment against the deadly disease. This day signifies raising awareness regarding the fight against the disease and encourages the sufferers to stay positive. This is an occasion to give cancer patients the hope to recover soon.

World Rose Day History :

* This day was initially started to be celebrated with the aim of honouring the 12-year-old cancer patient Melinda Rose. Melinda was diagnosed with one of the rarest blood cancers called Askin’s Tumour in 1994. Following the diagnosis, Melinda’s doctors predicted her condition to reserve her life till a couple of weeks only. However, the brave Melinda went on to live for 6 months after the prediction and spent her time, while bringing joy and cheers to all other cancer patients around her.

* She used to write poems and heart-warming letters to them that brought joy and happiness among the patients. Her kindness and optimism make the sufferers hope for the best to come.

World Rose Day Significance :

* Cancer is a life-threatening disease that destroys the healthy tissues in the human body and gives rise to extreme physical pain in the course of its treatment. It not only destroys the organs of the body but also makes that person suffer through mental and physical discomfort. So, World Rose Day is an occasion that can be a special day to encourage patients with loving and inspiring words that can help them to stay positive.

* The major aim of celebrating this day is to attain happiness and hope for cancer patients. Through a sweet gesture toward them, one can highlight the fact that they are not alone in this battle.

World Rose Day Theme :

* World Rose Day is celebrated with a new theme every year. However, the theme for this year is yet to be announced. Meanwhile, you can celebrate the day by giving a rose to the ones who are fighting the life-threatening disease of cancer. It will not only encourage them to fight back stronger in the battle but also make their day memorable..

Source : CNBC

Published On : September 22, 2023
United Kingdom

Correct Answer : Option (B) - United Kingdom

Brucella canis, an incurable disease which was spreading through dogs in the United Kingdom (UK), has now been transferred to humans. Three British citizens have been infected with Brucella canis, which causes infertility, mobility issues and discomfort in affected dogs. This infection can be transmitted through contact with bodily fluids.

Since the summer of 2020, there has been a rise in the number of reports of dogs in the UK. The British Veterinary Association mentioned that Public Health England has assessed the circumstances and offers essential guidance to veterinary experts and organisations engaged in the import of dogs from regions where Brucella canis is prevalent.

What is Brucella canis?

* Canine brucellosis, an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Brucella canis (B. canis), is increasingly posing a threat to human health in the UK.

* This bacterial infection, primarily found in dogs, is highly contagious and can be transmitted to humans through direct contact with infected dogs or their reproductive or blood products.

Symptoms of Brucella canis :

* The symptoms of Brucella canis infection in humans are often mild and non-specific, making it difficult to diagnose. Common signs include intermittent or irregular fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, sweating, headaches, fatigue, and back or joint pain.

* In some cases, the illness may cause long-lasting symptoms, including recurrent fevers and fatigue.

How is Brucella canis transmitted to humans?

* Transmission of Brucella canis to humans primarily occurs through direct contact or aerosol exposure to infected animal fluids.

* Ingesting the bacteria or contamination of mucous membranes and breaks in the skin can also lead to infection. It's worth noting that the most common way people contract the disease is by consuming unpasteurized, contaminated milk or cheese.

Diagnosis of Brucella canis :

* Diagnosis of brucellosis usually involves a blood test and the infection is treated with a course of antibiotics for at least six weeks. Despite the lengthy treatment period, patients should make a full recovery, and the infection is unlikely to return.

Prevention of Brucella canis :

* Prevention of brucellosis is crucial as there is currently no vaccine available. Avoid direct or mucus membrane contact with bodily fluids (like urine, faeces, vomit, saliva, blood, wound drainage, and reproductive fluids) from infected dogs.

* Those handling animals should wear rubber gloves, especially when dealing with the internal organs of animals.

Source : India Today

Published On : September 22, 2023

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Delhi

The fourth edition of ‘Nadi Utsav,’ a celebration of India’s rich river culture, begins today on September 22nd and will continue until September 24th, 2023. Organized by the National Mission on Cultural Mapping (NMCM) of IGNCA (Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts) in collaboration with the Janapada Sampada Division, this year’s ‘Nadi Utsav’ promises to be an enlightening and culturally immersive experience. The event will be hosted in the vibrant city of Delhi, situated on the banks of the sacred River Yamuna.

Rivers: The Lifeblood of Indian Culture :

In the tapestry of Indian culture, rivers occupy a central and revered position. They are not just a source of life but also a symbol of spiritual significance. Rivers have played a pivotal role in shaping civilizations, with countless cities, villages, and towns thriving along their banks. Rivers are not just geographical features; they are an integral part of our cultural identity.

The Vision Behind ‘Nadi Utsav’ :

The Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), an institution dedicated to promoting art and culture under the Ministry of Culture, has been the driving force behind ‘Nadi Utsav.’ This noble initiative was conceived by Dr. Sachchidanand Joshi to raise awareness and sensitize people about the ecological and environmental importance of rivers.

A Journey Through the Previous Editions :

‘Nadi Utsav’ embarked on its journey in 2018, with its inaugural event in Nashik, situated on the banks of the River Godavari. Subsequent editions were held in Vijayawada, on the banks of the River Krishna, and Munger, along the River Ganga. Each edition aimed to celebrate the unique cultural heritage associated with these rivers.

Distinguished Guests and Patrons :

The fourth ‘Nadi Utsav’ boasts an impressive lineup of guests and dignitaries. The chief guest for the event is Hon’ble Justice Prakash Shrivastava, Chairperson of the National Green Tribunal. The guest of honor is the renowned philosopher and scholar Acharya Shrivatsa Goswami, while the head and spiritual guru of Parmarth Niketan, Swami Chidanand Saraswati, serves as a special guest.

A Multifaceted Three-Day Celebration :

The three-day ‘Nadi Utsav’ will kick off at the Umang Conference Hall, IGNCA. The event promises a diverse array of activities, including:

Scholarly Discussions : Numerous discussion sessions will delve into topics such as the mention of rivers in ancient texts, cultural heritage along rivers, and rivers in folk and cultural traditions.

Film Screenings : A total of 18 films will be screened during the event, with six produced by IGNCA. These films offer unique perspectives on river culture and its significance.

Puppet Shows : A highlight of the event will be the puppet show titled ‘The Yamuna Gatha,’ performed by Puran Bhat, which promises to captivate audiences with its storytelling.

Book Fair : A book fair during the three-day event will feature a wide range of publications related to rivers and the environment, providing an opportunity for attendees to explore and acquire knowledge.

Documentary Film Awards : Five out of the 18 documentary films screened at the event will be awarded. These films, from various states of India, offer diverse insights into the importance of rivers.

Exhibitions : The event will host three types of exhibitions: ‘Sanjhi’ exhibition showcasing 16 Ghats of the country, a photography exhibition related to river civilization, and an exhibition of paintings created by school children of Delhi, reflecting their thoughts on rivers.

Cultural Performances : The cultural program will include mesmerizing performances by folk singer Chandan Tiwari from Bihar, along with Ms. Shweta Devendra and her team from Bhopal, presenting Narmada Stuti and Dashavataram.

‘Nadi Utsav’ is more than just an event; it’s a heartfelt tribute to the rivers that have shaped India’s cultural tapestry. In the fast-paced modern world, it’s an opportunity to reconnect with our roots and express gratitude to these lifelines that have sustained us for millennia.

Published On : September 22, 2023
Sri Lanka

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Canada

As diplomatic tensions with Canada continued to rise, India on Thursday (September 21, 2023) suspended visa services in that country.

The announcement was made on the visa facility website of the Indian High Commission in Canada.

A day earlier, on Wednesday (20th Sep 2023), New Delhi had advised all Indian nationals in Canada, as well as those who were planning to visit that country, to “exercise utmost caution”, given the “growing anti-India activities and politically-condoned hate crimes and criminal violence in Canada”.

Exactly who in Canada is impacted by the suspension of visa services?

Canadian nationals who intend to visit India, but who do not have an Indian visa yet, will be impacted. This group would include mainly Canadian tourists, business travellers, and students, as well as family members of Indian citizens travelling to visit relatives and friends.

Tour operators in India had been expecting a large number of tourists from Canada to visit this winter. Foreign tourist arrivals have been impacted from the 2019-20 season onward as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic and its aftermath, and it is widely anticipated that the coming season will be busy. Some operators were already bracing for cancellations from Canada on Thursday (September 21, 2023).

Will Indian-origin Canadians with OCI cards also be impacted?

* No, Indian-origin Canadians who have a valid Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card, or a valid long-term visa for India, will not be impacted by the suspension of visa services.

* OCI cards allow holders lifetime entry into India, and to live and work in the country indefinitely.

What happens to Canadians who already have a valid Indian visa, and may be planning to visit India at this point?

* Canadians with a valid Indian visa will not be impacted by the Indian government’s latest decision. As of now, their visa stands. They have not been cancelled yet.

For how long is this situation going to last?

* As of now, visa services have been temporarily suspended. Where the situation goes here onward will depend on the way political and diplomatic relations between the two countries evolve.

* The current crisis began on Monday (Canada time) after Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau alleged a “potential link” between “agents of the Government of India” and the killing of Khalistani separatist, Hardeep Singh Nijjar, in Canada in June. Canada expelled a senior Indian diplomat, and India retaliated on Tuesday by expelling a senior Canadian diplomat. There has been no thaw yet.

Could Canada reciprocate with its own curbs on Indians seeking Canadian visas?

* Canada has so far said that their visa services remain open. But that can change, if they decide to take reciprocal measures. Again, what happens will depend on the way the political and diplomatic situation unfolds hereafter..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : September 22, 2023

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 4

On the lines of civilian awards, Government of India will now recognise scientists with Rashtriya Vigyan Puruskar under four categories

* Vigyan Ratna
* Vigyan Shri
* Vigyan Yuva–Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar
* Vigyan Team

said Union Minister for Science and Technology Dr Jitendra Singh during Indian Express Idea Exchange Monday (18th Sep 2023).

This comes days after the government released the finalised list of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar awardees that was held back for a year. The highest honour for young scientists retains the name Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar.

Vigyan Ratna will recognise the lifetime achievement of scientists, Vigyan Shri will recognise distinguished contributions to a field, Vigyan Yuva Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar will encourage young scientists who have made exceptional contributions in their field, and Vigyan Team will recognise teams of three or more. The awards will commence in 2024.

The Rashtriya Vigyan Puraskar will be awarded in 13 domains – Physics, Chemistry, Biological Sciences, Mathematics and Computer Science, Earth Science, Medicine, Engineering Sciences, Agricultural Science, Environmental Science, Technology and Innovation, Atomic Energy, Space Science and Technology. “It may be ensured that each domain/field is represented. Adequate representation of women may also be ensured,” a government document said.

There will only be three Vigyan Ratnas awarded yearly : 25 Vigyan Shri, 25 Vigyan Yuva, and 3 Vigyan Team. Only Vigyan Yuva will have an age limit of 45 years.

Nominations for the awards will be accepted every year between January 14 and February 28, which is recognised as National Science Day. The awards will be announced on National Technology Day, May 11. On the other hand, the award ceremony will be held every year on the recently announced National Space Day, August 23, to mark the day India’s Chandrayaan-3 landed on the Moon.

All internal awards, except for one named after Homi Jehangir Bhabha given by the Department of Atomic Energy, “have been dispensed,” according to information with The Indian Express. The internal award will be given to 30 recipients in the form of certificates.

A committee under the chairmanship of the principal scientific adviser will select the awardees. The Rashtriya Vigyan Puraskar Committee will be constituted of all secretaries of all six science departments, four presidents selected from science and engineering academies, and six distinguished scientists and technologists from different fields of science.

This committee will be constituted annually, with the committee members ineligible for the award during their tenure. The awards processes will be carried out by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for the first two years and will be taken over by the newly instituted National Research Foundation.

This is in line with the government’s effort to “rationalise” awards in science and technology. Dr Singh said: “We have not discontinued awards, we have rationalised them. We have reduced the numbers to add to the sanctity and value of the awards. After all, a coveted award has to be coveted.”..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : September 22, 2023
Ajay Mehta
Tajinder Gupta
Vishal Sinha
Arindam Bagchi

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Tajinder Gupta

New Delhi,  20 September 2023 : On his appointment as Director on the Board of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Mr. Tajinder Gupta, 56, has assumed charge as Director (Power) of the Public Sector engineering and manufacturing enterprise.

A 1989 batch Instrumentation and Control Engineering graduate from Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences (BITS), Pilani, Mr. Gupta was Chief General Manager in NTPC Ltd. prior to joining BHEL.

He joined NTPC, as Graduate Engineer Trainee officer in 1989 and has 34 years of diverse and versatile experience in project management and concept to commissioning of power projects, across various states in India.

At NTPC, he was instrumental in the development of large size greenfield and brownfield power projects, besides operating and maintaining NTPC’s vast fleet of power stations. In the Director's secretariat at NTPC’s corporate office, he spearheaded the team for time bound construction and commissioning of multiple infrastructure assets crucial for the operation of NTPC.

He was head of the construction team at the 2x660 MW Khargone power project with Ultra Supercritical parameters. In two years of his appointment as Business Unit Head, Mr. Gupta turned around the construction activities at the 3x660 MW North Karanpura STPP in Jharkhand.

He has been at the centre of ESG evolution that led to the commissioning of the first unit of North Karanpura STPP with the latest Air-Cooled Condensation technology which reduces water consumption in a power plant by 65%.

A true professional with a sharp acumen for in-depth analysis, he carries with him the people, knowledge and experience of the power sector ecosystem for speedy implementation of projects. Mr. Gupta has a passion for business simulation games, quizzes and outdoor sports..

Source : BHEL

Published On : September 22, 2023