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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
4th Feb 2023
B)
3rd Feb 2023
C)
2nd Feb 2023
D)
1st Feb 2023

Correct Answer :   4th Feb 2023


Popular South Indian playback singer Vani Jayaram breathed her last (4th Feb 2023) at Chennai. She was 78.

* The Government announced the Padma Bhushan award for the late singer this year.

* She did playback for over one thousand Indian movies and recorded over 10 thousand songs.

* she sang in Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Gujarati, Haryanvi , Assamese, Tulu and Bengali languages.

* She had won National Film Awards three times and also was honoured with a lifetime achievement award by Filmfare (2013).

* She won State Government awards from the States of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisa and Gujarat. She was also the Best Female Singer at the NAFA event at New York in 2017.

Born : 30 November 1945, Vellore

Died : 4 February 2023, Chennai.

Source : AIR

Published On : February 5, 2023
A)
Gujarat
B)
Karnataka
C)
Uttar Pradesh
D)
Madhya Pradesh

Correct Answer :   Gujarat


The Ministry of Tourism recently stated that the first G20 Tourism Working Group meeting will be held in Gujarat’s Rann of Kutch and the delegates of Rann of Kutch meeting will be taken to Dholavira which is a UNESCO world heritage site.

As part of India’s G20 presidency, Gujarat will host the first Tourism Working Group (TWG) meeting in the state’s Rann of Kutch from 7th February to 9 February 2023.

About Dholavira :

* Dholavira is an archaeological site of immense importance associated with the Indus Valley Civilization.

* It represents the ruins of an ancient city of the Harappan civilization that was inhabited over a period of 1,200 years from 3000 BCE through 1800 BCE.

* Location : The site is located near the village of Dholavira, in the Kutch District of the Indian state of Gujarat.

* Dholavira is the fifth largest site of the Indus Valley Civilization in the sub-continent.

* It lies between two seasonal streams, the Mansar in the north and Manhar in the south.

* It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2021...

Source : New Indian Express

Published On : February 4, 2023
A)
February 1
B)
February 2
C)
February 3
D)
February 4

Correct Answer :   February 4


Each year on February 4, World Cancer Day is celebrated worldwide. It is believed to have brought everyone together in the fight against cancer.

World Cancer Day seeks to save millions of lives by educating the public, promoting awareness, and pressuring individuals and governments around the world to take action every year.

On World Cancer Day, we demonstrate to the world the value of teamwork and teach ourselves that every single person, no matter how tiny or large, can make a difference in the fight against cancer.

February 4th, is World Cancer Day 2023, which is being observed to create a cancer-free world. We should all pledge to play a part in this effort, regardless of who we are or how we behave, no matter where we are. Every year on February 4th, we observe World Cancer Day to increase public awareness of cancer prevention, detection, and treatment.

What is Cancer?
It is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body. There are several types of cancer, usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form. The world has the highest incidence of this disease.

World Cancer Day History:

In 2000, World Cancer Day originated at the first World Summit Against Cancer and was held in Paris. At this Summit, several leaders of government agencies, and cancer organizations from around the world signed the Charter of Paris Against Cancer. It was a document of 10 articles that outlined a cooperative global commitment to improving the quality of life of cancer patients and to the continued investment in and advancement of cancer research, prevention, and treatment. Article X of the charter formally declared February 4 as World Cancer Day.

As per World Health Organization (WHO), if the incidence of cancer continues to grow at the reported rate, the number of deaths worldwide from cancer will increase to more than 16.3 million by 2040. Also, 40 percent of deaths from cancer are preventable according to WHO.

UICC was established in the year 1993. It has its headquarters in Geneva. It is a membership-based organization taking care of Cancer around the world and helping in medical research.

World Cancer Day Theme 2022-2024 : Them The theme for World Cancer Day 2022-2024 is Close the Care Gap.

Every single person has the ability to make a difference, large or small, but together the health community can make real progress in reducing the global impact of cancer.

Published On : February 4, 2023
4 .
With reference to Polio, consider the following statements:

1. It is a deadly viral infectious disease that affects the nervous system.

2. The Oral polio vaccine contains a live, weakened form of poliovirus.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A)
1 Only
B)
2 Only
C)
Both 1 and 2
D)
Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer :   Both 1 and 2


The risk of global spread of poliovirus remains a public health emergency of international concern, a World Health Organization (WHO) committee has found after looking into updates from 10 countries. While the risk of global spread of wild poliovirus remains, the risk of circulating vaccine-derived ones is higher.

Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly viral infectious disease that affects the nervous system.

There are three individual and immunologically-distinct wild poliovirus strains


* Wild Poliovirus type 1 (WPV1)
* Wild Poliovirus type 2 (WPV2)
* Wild Poliovirus type 3 (WPV3)

Symptomatically, all three strains are identical, in that they cause irreversible paralysis or even death.

However, there are genetic and virological differences, which make these three strains separate viruses which must each be eradicated individually.

How does it Transmit? : The virus is transmitted by person-to-person spread mainly through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common vehicle (e.g. contaminated water or food) and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and cause paralysis.

It largely affects children under 5 years of age.

The oral polio vaccine (OPV) contains a live, weakened form of poliovirus that replicates in the intestine for a limited period, thereby developing immunity by building antibodies.

Source : Downtoearth

Published On : February 4, 2023
5 .
With reference to the Asiatic black bear, consider the following statements:

1. It is only found in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

2. It is categorized as vulnerable species under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A)
1 Only
B)
2 Only
C)
Both 1 and 2
D)
Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer :   2 Only


The Kashmir Valley has bucked the trend of Asiatic black attacks on humans rarely reported throughout the animal’s global range.

The Asiatic black bear is known as the Moon bear.

The Asiatic black bear has 7 subspecies, out of which we find the Himalayan Black Bear subspecies in India.

Features: The Asiatic Black Bear has a coat of smooth black fur and can be distinguished by a V of white fur on its chest.

Range: The Asiatic black bear lives in a narrow band stretching from south-eastern Iran to Myanmar, across the Himalayan foothills.

In India, it is found in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Conservation status

IUCN Red List: Vulnerable

CITES: Appendix I

Wild Life Protection Act 1972 : Schedule II

Source : Thehindu

Published On : February 4, 2023
A)
February 2
B)
February 3
C)
February 4
D)
February 5

Correct Answer :   February 4


The International Day of Human Fraternity has been observed every year on February 4.

* The International Day of Human Fraternity was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 21, 2020.

* This day, which falls in the middle of the International Interfaith Harmony Week is recognised by one of the world’s leading transnational organisations– the United Nations. 

* It underscores the importance of humanity coming together as a united community in times that are increasingly characterised by ethno-nationalistic, political, and economic polarisation.

* The motto is “harmony in difference.”

* “We must live together as brothers or perish together as fools.”- Martin Luther King Jr.

International Day of Human Fraternity History :

The International Day of Human Fraternity was instituted to celebrate the historic document titled “Human Fraternity for World Peace and Living Together“, being signed by the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, Ahmad Al-Tayyeb, and Pope Francis on February 4, 2019.

The document promotes the values of love, mutual respect, and cooperation between people of different religions and cultures and aims to create a world where everyone can live in peace and dignity. The day is significant as it highlights the importance of promoting interreligious and intercultural dialogue and cooperation as a way to build a more peaceful and harmonious world.

International Day of Human Fraternity Significance :

In 2023, the day will be marked in the backdrop of multiple conflicts whether on grounds of political ideology, territorial disputes, religious differences, or economic inequities. They mark a sorry human condition, marked by many divides and a lack of peace and harmony.

The International Day of Human Fraternity recognises the importance of compassion, religious tolerance, and respect for one another. These values promote peace and bring the human community together. However, these values are being threatened by division, inequality, and hopelessness. Hate speech, religious division, and conflict are increasing, and all societies and religions are affected by religious extremism and intolerance.

Published On : February 4, 2023
A)
$750 million
B)
$500 million
C)
$300 million
D)
$150 million

Correct Answer :   $300 million


Google has invested about $300mn in artificial intelligence start-up Anthropic, days after Microsoft announced a new multiyear, multibillion-dollar investment with ChatGPT-maker OpenAI.

* "We're thrilled to be able to partner with Google Cloud on training and deploying useful AI systems," said Anthropic CEO Dario Amodei.

* "We've been impressed with Google Cloud's open and flexible infrastructure. We are excited to partner with Google to scale-up our systems in the coming months."

* Anthropic selected Google Cloud to benefit from the company's deep expertise in large-scale systems for machine learning, and as a partner with shared values around safe and beneficial development of AI.

* By leveraging Google's custom-developed machine learning systems designed to run computationally-intensive workloads, Anthropic will continue to conduct breakthrough AI research on the same infrastructure that powers Google Search and YouTube.

* "At Google, we believe it is imperative to pursue AI boldly and responsibly," said James Manyika, SVP of Technology and Society, Google.

* "We are committed to developing and delivering useful and beneficial applications, applying responsible principles grounded in human values and safety, and evolving our approaches as we learn from research, experience, users, and the wider community. Our partnership with Anthropic is aligned with that philosophy."

* Thomas Kurian, CEO, Google Cloud, said AI has evolved from academic research to become one of the biggest drivers of technological change, creating new opportunities for growth and improved services across all industries.

* Anthropic was founded in January 2021 by the team behind AI breakthroughs such as GPT-3 and Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF).

* Since its founding, Anthropic has published 14 research papers showing how to build language models that are reliable and controllable.

* In 2023, Anthropic began deploying its technology publicly, starting off with a language model assistant named Claude...

Source : Economic Times

Published On : February 4, 2023
A)
Apple
B)
IBM
C)
Google
D)
Microsoft

Correct Answer :   IBM


NASA and IBM have collaborated to develop artificial intelligence (AI) based models that will make it easier to mine vast datasets to advance scientific knowledge about Earth, and help the world to adapt to a changing environment.

* The joint work will apply AI foundation model technology to NASA's Earth-observing satellite data for the first time, NASA said in a statement.

* Foundation models are types of AI models that are trained on a broad set of unlabelled data, can be used for different tasks, and can apply information about one situation to another.

* "The beauty of foundation models is they can potentially be used for many downstream applications," said Rahul Ramachandran, a senior research scientist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center.

* "Building these foundation models cannot be tackled by small teams; you need teams across different organisations to bring their different perspectives, resources, and skill sets," Ramachandran said in a statement.

* One project will train an IBM geospatial intelligence foundation model on NASA's Harmonized Landsat Sentinel-2 (HLS) dataset, a record of land cover and land use changes captured by Earth-orbiting satellites.

* IBM has developed a natural language processing (NLP) model trained on nearly 300,000 Earth science journal articles to organise the literature and make it easier to discover new knowledge.

* Beyond providing a resource to researchers, the new language model for Earth science could be infused into NASA's scientific data management and stewardship processes...

Source : Business Standard

Published On : February 4, 2023
A)
Bandaru Dattatreya
B)
Revanth Reddy
C)
Anurag Thakur
D)
G. Kishan Reddy

Correct Answer :   G. Kishan Reddy


Shri G. Kishan Reddy,  Minister of Tourism, Culture and Development of North Eastern Region (DONER) launched the "Visit India Year 2023" initiative and unveiled its logo at New Delhi on 31st January 2023, kicking off the year of grand plans and activities for promoting tourism in India.

The occasion, Union Minister for Tourism said that 31st Jan 2023 the logo of Visit India Year 2023 is being launched and this in an important year as India is heading  G20.

The Union Minister also said that more than one lakh foreign delegates will visit India this year and they will be showcased entire gamut of  India's Culture, including monuments and festivals.

Shri G. Kishan Reddy added that each foreign delegate of G20 will be a brand ambassador of India's culture, heritage and tourist destinations.

Shri Kishan Reddy further stated that Ministry of Tourism is coordinating with Indian missions and other stakeholders to have a conducive environment for foreign visitors 2023.

Harnessing the momentum created by the recovery of the global industry, preferential sentiment from global travelers for exploring India and building upon the success in growing tourism in India over the years–the Tourism Ministry is on a mission to unlock the untapped potential of tourism in India, making India a 365-day destination.

Encouraging the inbound travel and particularly in the backdrop of India’s G20 Presidency as well as grand celebrations of India@75 Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Ministry of Tourism is celebrating this year as ‘Visit India Year 2023’.

The focus is on inbound travel to India, to highlight varied tourism offerings of our country and showcase them to the global tourists. The priorities include highlighting the unique tourism offerings of every state by leveraging country’s richness in culture, heritage, spirituality, natural beauty and focusing on promoting diverse categories of tourism like sustainable tourism, rural tourism, medical tourism, MICE, and others...

Source : PIB

Published On : February 4, 2023
A)
March 2026
B)
June 2027
C)
September 2028
D)
December 2029

Correct Answer :   March 2026


The government has extended PM-KUSUM scheme till March 2026 as its implementation was significantly affected due to the pandemic.

The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) Launched in 2019

PM-KUSUM Aim : At adding solar capacity of 30,800 MW by 2022 with total central financial support of Rs 34,422 crore, including service charges to the implementing agencies.

The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has also conducted a third party evaluation of the scheme and based on the recommendations, the scheme has been extended till 31.3.2026," R K Singh, Minister for New and Renewable Energy said.

The scheme consists of three components :

* Component A is for installation of 10,000 MW of solar capacity by installing small power plants of capacity up to 2 MW.

* Component B aims at installation of 20 lakh standalone solar-powered agriculture pumps.

* Component C is for solarisation of 15 lakh grid-connected agriculture pumps...

Source : Economic Times

Published On : February 3, 2023