Correct Answer : Option (B) - Karnataka
The Western Ghats region in Karnataka has reported a new species of freshwater crab. A team of researchers from Uttara Kannada, Karnataka forest department and Maharashtra discovered the new species in the central Western Ghats region around Bare in Yellapura taluk of Uttara Kannada.
Belonging to Ghatiana genus of freshwater crabs, the new species is named 'Ghatiana dvivarna', based on the Sanskrit word for two (dvi) colours (varna) of the crab - white and red-violet.
According to the researchers, these crabs usually inhabit the holes in laterite rocks on the elevated mountains of central Western Ghats (south of Goa-Nilgiris) region. According to Gopalkrishna D Hegde, an independent researcher, a worldwide estimate revealed about 4,000 different species of crabs.
"In India, there are about 125 species of crabs and 13 have been recorded so far under Ghatiana genus. Ghatiana dvivarna is the 14th freshwater crab to have been discovered," he revealed.
Western Ghats, said to be a biodiversity hotspot in the world, has been home to 75 varieties of crabs, including the new one. "It is a sheer coincidence that the 75th new crab species has been discovered during the 75th anniversary of India's Independence," Hegde said. The discovery has been published in Nauplius, the journal of Brazilian Crustacean Society..Source : Times of India