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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
Marina Jacoby
B)
Melissa Flores
C)
Adriana Paniagua
D)
Sheynis Palacios

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Sheynis Palacios


Sheynis Palacios, representing Nicaragua, won the Miss Universe 2023 crown at the 72nd edition of the fashion pageant. The show took place in San Salvador, El Salvador at Jose Adolfo Pineda Arena on November 19, 2023.

* Sheynis was also crowned as Miss Nicaragua 2023 earlier this year and has a strong social media presence. All her social media posts are filled with comments from her fans, wishing her love and luck for MU 2023.

* For the finale of Miss Universe 2023, Sheynin was seen wearing a stunning embellished body-hugging gown. The sweetheart neckline looked stellar on her and the sheer factor of the gown made it look truly magnificent and the waist-line cut-out looked impeccable on her crafting a marvellous silhouette.

* From her hair to her make-up, everything looked absolutely brilliant and her grace and charm were add-on accessories.

* The top 3 finalists of the show this year were Nicaragua, Thailand and Australia out of of which Nicaragua represented by Sheynin was hailed as the winner.

* This is the 72nd year of the much-celebrated pageant, and this time, contestants from around 84 countries and territories took part in it. Popular television personality Jeannie Mai and Miss Universe 2012 Olivia Culpo took on the show as hosts making it the first-ever female-hosted Miss Universe event..

Source : News18

Published On : November 19, 2023
A)
November 20
B)
November 19
C)
November 18
D)
November 17

Correct Answer : Option (D) - November 17


Every year, World Prematurity Day is observed on November 17.

Premature birth is a significant global health concern, often leading to infant deaths and various health complications. Recognizing the gravity of this issue, World Prematurity Day is observed annually to raise awareness about the challenges faced by premature babies and their families.


The Birth of World Prematurity Day and Its Impact :

* In 2008, European Parent organizations united to establish this international awareness day for preterm birth (A preterm birth is characterized by babies being born alive before the completion of 37 weeks of pregnancy).
* Since 2011, it has been celebrated globally as World Prematurity Day, a term coined by March of Dimes. This year, the special day falls on a Friday, providing an opportunity for communities worldwide to come together and make a collective impact.


Global Theme for 2023: “Small Actions, Big Impact” :

* The global theme for this year’s World Prematurity Day is “Small actions, big impact: Immediate skin-to-skin care for every baby everywhere,” which underscores the significance of simple yet powerful actions that can make a substantial difference in the lives of premature babies.
* The emphasis on immediate skin-to-skin care highlights a practical approach to improving outcomes for preterm infants globally.


The Significance of World Prematurity Day :

* World Prematurity Day is a vital initiative that aims to bring attention to the impact of premature births on both infants and their families.
* Babies born prematurely may face developmental challenges and are more susceptible to severe infections. The observance of this day emphasizes the need to understand, support, and address the concerns associated with preterm birth.


The Symbolic Color: Purple :

* Purple is the chosen color for World Prematurity Day, symbolizing solidarity and support for premature babies and their families.
* Those observing the day are encouraged to wear purple as a visible display of their commitment to raising awareness and fostering a sense of community around this critical issue.


Fostering Conversations and Solutions :

* The day serves as a platform to initiate conversations about the challenges of preterm birth and the profound impact it can have on both the baby and the family.
* These discussions aim to reinforce preventive measures that can help protect premature babies from deadly infections and other health risks.


Encouraging Research and Innovative Approaches :

* World Prematurity Day encourages and supports research initiatives focused on understanding and addressing the concerns of preterm birth.
* The goal is to explore innovative approaches that can lead to improved healthcare practices and outcomes for premature infants.
* This emphasis on research contributes to ongoing efforts to enhance the quality of care provided to preterm babies.

Published On : November 18, 2023
A)
Virat Kohli
B)
Ben Stokes
C)
David Warner
D)
Kane Williamson

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Virat Kohli


A statue of star cricketer Virat Kohli will be installed in the Wax Museum at Nahargarh Fort in Jaipur.

This decision was taken after India’s victory in the semi-finals of the Cricket World Cup and Virat Kohli completing 50 centuries in one-day cricket.

Anup Srivastava, Founder Director of Jaipur Wax Museum, said that tourists were demanding the wax statue of Virat Kohli for a long time. What can be a better opportunity than now, when Kohli has reached the highest level in world cricket. Also, India is again very close to the World Cup champions trophy.

The first look of the wax statue, i.e., the clay model is ready and in the next one month, the complete statue will be made and installed in the museum. Virat Kohli’s image is that of an aggressive cricketer, hence the aggressive look has been chosen for the statue also, said Srivastava.


He said, “Virat’s statue will be installed along with the statue of Master Blaster Sachin Tendulkar, whom Virat considers as his idol and his god and whose record of 49 centuries has been smashed by Virat. The wax figure is being prepared by the duo sculptor Ganesh and Lakshminarayan under the creative direction of Anoop Srivastava. While the costumes are being made by Bollywood designer Bodh Singh.”

A wax statue of Mahendra Singh Dhoni, known as the ‘Captain Cool’ of cricket, is also installed at the Jaipur Wax Museum.

Srivastava said, “We have always had a clear decision regarding statue selection that more than celebrities, those great personalities should be given a place in the museum who can inspire our future generations. All such statues have been installed in the museum. Recently, a wax statue of Swami Vivekananda was installed. A total of 43 wax statues have been installed in the museum so far.

Published On : November 18, 2023
A)
18th Nov 2023
B)
17th Nov 2023
C)
16th Nov 2023
D)
15th Nov 2023

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 17th Nov 2023


Indian art historian and a world authority on miniature paintings, Brijinder Nath Goswamy passed away on Friday (17th Nov 2023) morning in Chandigarh due to prolonged ill health. He was 90.

Born in August 1933, the Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan awardee BNG, as he was lovingly known in art circles, often called himself an “accidental art historian”. Best known for his path-breaking work on the Pahari style of paintings, Prof Goswamy is the author of more than 26 books.

In 1958, he quit the prestigious civil services after less than three years to pursue a career in academics and research, a decision that caused a stir in his family. It was a book on Kangra Valley paintings by M S Randhawa that his friends gifted him when he was leaving the civil services that set his onward journey in the field of Indian miniature paintings.


Academic Achievements and Fellowships :

Upon concluding his academic career, Punjab University bestowed upon Goswamy the title of Emeritus Professor. During different periods, he held prestigious fellowships, including the Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship from 1969 to 1970 and the Sarabhai Fellowship in 1994. Additionally, he served as a Mellon Senior Fellow at the National Humanities Center in North Carolina.


Government Honors and Civilian Awards :

In recognition of his outstanding contributions, the Government of India honored him with the civilian Padma Shri award in 1998. Furthermore, in 2008, Goswamy received another notable accolade as he was once again featured in the Republic Day Honours list, this time for the esteemed Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian honor..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : November 18, 2023
A)
14 November 2023
B)
15 November 2023
C)
16 November 2023
D)
17 November 2023

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 16 November 2023


Acclaimed British novelist Antonia Susan Byatt, widely known as A.S. Byatt, passed away (16th Nov 2023) at the age of 87. With a literary career spanning almost six decades, Byatt left an indelible mark on the literary world.

Her notable work, “Possession: A Romance,” earned her the prestigious Booker Prize in 1990. Byatt, the sister of novelist Margaret Drabble, drew parallels with the Brontes, establishing herself as one of the most significant writers and critics of her time.


Early Life and Education :

Born on August 24, 1936, in Sheffield, England, Byatt received her education at a Quaker school in York. She pursued further studies at Cambridge and Oxford, eventually venturing into teaching English and American Literature in London from 1972.

Literary Career Takes Flight :

Byatt’s literary journey commenced with the publication of her first novel, “Shadow of a Sun,” in 1964. This work delved into the narrative of a young girl navigating life under the shadow of a dominating father. Despite more works following suit, it wasn’t until 1983 that Byatt made the pivotal decision to relinquish teaching and dedicate herself entirely to writing.

In 1990, A.S. Byatt achieved a breakthrough with “Possession: A Romance,” a novel that swiftly became a bestseller and clinched the coveted Booker Prize for Fiction the same year. The academic treasure hunt storyline, pitting a cunning U.S. biographer against a beleaguered English scholar, marked a departure from Byatt’s earlier style, embracing a more commercially oriented approach.


Literary Accolades and Adaptations :

Byatt’s contributions to literature garnered numerous awards and titles, including a CBE (Commander of the British Empire) and DBE (Dame of the British Empire). Her literary prowess extended to the silver screen with the adaptation of “Possession” into a feature film starring Gwyneth Paltrow. Another of her works, “Angels and Insects,” also made its way to cinematic adaptation.

Born : 24 August 1936, Sheffield, United Kingdom

Died : 16 November 2023, London, United Kingdom.

Published On : November 18, 2023
A)
Alok Sharma
B)
T. R. Kakkar
C)
A. K. Tandon
D)
Sujoy Lal Thaosen

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Alok Sharma


Senior IPS officer Alok Sharma was on Friday (18th Nov 2023) appointed the director of the Special Protection Group (SPG), which is entrusted with the task of providing security to the prime minister.

Sharma, a 1991-batch Indian Police Service (IPS) officer, is currently an additional director general in the SPG.

The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved his appointment as the SPG's director from the date of assumption of charge of the post and until further orders, an order issued by the personnel ministry said..

Source : India Today

Published On : November 18, 2023
A)
IDFC First Bank
B)
Union Bank of India
C)
Kotak Mahindra Bank
D)
Karur Vysya Bank

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Kotak Mahindra Bank


The Board of Directors of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. made a significant announcement on Friday (17th Nov 2023 ), appointing Ashok Vaswani as Managing Director & CEO, and a key managerial personnel of the bank.

This appointment is set for a three-year term, commencing from January 1, 2024.


A Seasoned Professional with a Storied Career

* At 62, Ashok Vaswani brings with him an impressive track record spanning over three-and-a-half decades.
* His journey began at Citigroup, where he laid the foundation for his expertise. Further he contributed significantly during his tenure at Barclays.
* His professional trajectory has been defined by his ability to build and grow global businesses at scale.

Educational Background :

* Ashok Vaswani’s qualifications in finance and commerce provide a solid foundation for his role as the CEO of Kotak Mahindra Bank.
* He is a chartered accountant and holds a degree in commerce from the renowned Sydenham College of Commerce.
* His academic background, combined with his extensive professional experience, positions him as a leader with a deep understanding of the financial sector.


RBI’s Approval: A Stamp of Authority :

* Prior to this appointment, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had given its nod to Ashok Vaswani’s name as the MD & CEO of Kotak Mahindra Bank.
* The regulatory approval underscores Vaswani’s competence and suitability for the crucial leadership role in one of India’s prominent banking institutions.


Taking Charge on January 1, 2024 :

* Ashok Vaswani is poised to take charge on January 1, marking the beginning of his three-year term.
* The transition from Dipak Gupta, who has served as the MD & CEO until December 31, adds to the anticipation surrounding the strategic direction the bank will take under Vaswani’s leadership.

Published On : November 18, 2023
A)
14 November
B)
15 November
C)
16 November
D)
17 November

Correct Answer : Option (D) - 17 November


Each year, on November 17, National Epilepsy Day is marked in India to raise awareness of the condition. A persistent brain illness called epilepsy is marked by periodic "fits" or "seizures."

* Sudden, uncontrolled electric currents in the neurons are what lead to seizures. Every age group has different issues and worries, and the condition can impact anyone at any time.

* The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are 50 million epileptics worldwide, 80 percent of whom reside in developing nations. Even though epilepsy is curable, three-fourths of those affected in underdeveloped nations do not obtain the necessary care. Approximately 10 million people in India experience seizures linked to epilepsy.


National Epilepsy Day History :


The Epilepsy Foundation of India created National Epilepsy Day as a national campaign to lower the presence of epilepsy in India. Dr. Nirmal Surya founded the Epilepsy Foundation of India in Mumbai, Maharashtra, in 2009. The mission of the non-profit Epilepsy Foundation of India is to improve the quality of life for persons who experience seizures and to alter societal perceptions of epilepsy.


National Epilepsy Day Significance :

National Epilepsy Day is observed to raise public awareness of epilepsy. To raise awareness of the causes and symptoms of epilepsy, numerous governmental and non-governmental organisations will mark National Epilepsy Day in 2023.


What is epilepsy?

* The neurological condition epilepsy is characterised by irregular brain activity that results in seizures or episodes of strange behaviour, sensations, and occasionally loss of consciousness. Epilepsy can attack any person. Men and women of different ages, races, and cultural backgrounds can develop epilepsy.

* Various signs of seizures can occur. During a seizure, some epileptics just gaze mindlessly for a brief period of time, while others continuously jerk their limbs or legs. One seizure may not necessarily indicate epilepsy. A diagnosis of epilepsy typically requires at least two unprovoked seizures that occur at least 24 hours apart from one another.

* For most epilepsy patients, treatment with drugs or occasionally surgery can control seizures. While some people need ongoing medication to manage their seizures, others finally experience a cessation of their seizures. With time, some epileptic youngsters may outgrow their affliction..

Source : NDTV

Published On : November 17, 2023
A)
Chennai
B)
Hyderabad
C)
Bengaluru
D)
Visakhapatnam

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Hyderabad


The International Conference on Plant Health Management (ICPHM) 2023 is set to take place in Hyderabad, India, from 15th to 18th November 2023.

This significant event is organized by the Plant Protection Association of India (PPAI), an institution with a rich legacy of 50 years in advancing plant protection both nationally and internationally. The conference aims to provide a platform for global collaboration in fostering innovation and sustainability in the field of Plant Health Management.


Objective of ICPHM 2023 :

The primary objective of the ICPHM 2023 is to explore and capitalize on global opportunities in innovation and sustainability within the domains of research and entrepreneurship related to Plant Health Management. The conference aims to bring together experts, researchers and stakeholders from around the world to discuss and deliberate on pressing issues and potential solutions in the field.


Celebrating 50 years of PPAI :

The Plant Protection Association of India (PPAI), established in 1972, has played a pivotal role in the realm of plant protection. As the organization commemorates its 50th anniversary in 2022, the ICPHM 2023 stands as a testament to its enduring commitment to the advancement of plant health management on both national and international fronts.


Key Insights from Distinguished Speakers :

The event featured prominent speakers, including Dr. Sarada Jayalakshmi Devi, Vice Chancellor of ANGRAU, who highlighted the need to identify resistant genes for various pests and diseases. Dr. Devi stressed the importance of developing high-yielding varieties through a focus on bio-control agents, natural enemies and eco-friendly applications. These insights provide a roadmap for agricultural innovation and resilience.


Government Perspectives and Industry Contributions :

Government perspectives on plant protection and biosafety were shared by Dr. S.C. Dubey, ADG Plant Protection and Biosafety, ICAR, GOI, New Delhi. His insights into policy considerations and regulatory frameworks added a crucial governmental perspective to the discussions. RC Agarwal, Chairman of Dhanuka Group, also contributed to the discourse, emphasizing the role of the industry in supporting sustainable agricultural practices.


Paving the Way Forward :

Dr. B. Sharat Babu, President of PPAI and Chairman of the International Conference on Plant Health Management, provided closing remarks, summarizing the key takeaways and outlining the way forward. The conference participants left with a renewed commitment to advancing plant health management practices, integrating sustainable methods and fostering collaboration for the greater goal of ensuring global food safety.

Published On : November 17, 2023
A)
17 November
B)
16 November
C)
15 November
D)
14 November

Correct Answer : Option (A) - 17 November


International Students’ Day 2023, observed worldwide on Friday, November 17, is a special occasion that acknowledges the resilience and contributions of students globally.

This celebration is particularly significant for those studying abroad, facing the challenges of navigating new cultures, languages, financial hurdles, and homesickness.

As we mark International Students’ Day, let us reflect on the beauty of diversity and unity. Interacting with people from various backgrounds not only enriches our lives but also cultivates empathy and understanding.

This day serves as a reminder that, as human beings, our differences are what make us stronger. Today, we celebrate students worldwide, acknowledging their resilience, achievements, and the positive impact they bring to the global educational landscape.


Historical Significance :

This day holds historical importance as it commemorates the Nazi invasion of a university in Prague in 1939. The Nazis not only closed the university but also imprisoned and harmed numerous students. Originally established to remember the over 1,200 students of the University of Prague who lost their lives in World War II, International Students’ Day has transformed into a global opportunity for universities to take pride in their international student communities and their positive impact on local societies.


Significance of International Students’ Day 2023 :

International Students’ Day emphasizes the thriving environments created by the exchange of ideas and learning among individuals from diverse cultures. The celebration underscores the belief that fostering awareness of diversity and embracing differences is crucial for the personal growth of students. It encourages innovation, creativity, and problem-solving skills, preparing students to contribute positively to society.

International Students’ Day is an opportunity to honor and appreciate the diverse student community. Pursuing higher education often requires immense courage, especially for those leaving their families and homes behind. On this day, we recognize the unique challenges faced by international students and celebrate their determination to enhance their lives and support their families.

Published On : November 17, 2023