Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2023

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
A)
Dipak Misra
B)
Ranjan Gogoi
C)
Jagdish Singh Khehar
D)
Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud

Note :

* President, Murmu has appointed Dr. Justice Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud as the 50th Chief Justice of India.
 
* His appointment will come into effect from 9th Nov, 2022 and continue till 10 November 2024.

* He will replace CJI, Uday Umesh Lalit

* He was appointed as the Judge of SC on 13th May 2016.

* Prior to this, he served as Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court.

* He is the son of the longest serving CJI, YV Chandrachud served as Chief Justice of India from 1978 to 1985..

Source : AIR

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
₹1,75,225 crore
B)
₹1,80,562 crore
C)
₹1,91,620 crore
D)
₹1,99,380 crore

Correct Answer : Option (A) - ₹1,75,225 crore

Note :

The total balance in the basic bank accounts under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) has crossed the ₹1.75 lakh crore mark.
 
As per the latest Government data, the total balance stood at ₹1,75,225 crore as on October 5, 2022, as the total number of beneficiaries touched 47 crore. Women beneficiaries own a larger chunk in the scheme at 26.16 crore account of which the bulk (31.42 cror accounts) are in rural and semi-urban areas. 
 
"Public sector banks (PSBs) have made significant contribution. Of the total ₹1.75 lakh crore balance, PSB’s account for ₹1.35 lakh crore, followed by Regional Rural Banks with ₹34,573 crore."
 
According to bankers, implementation of some benefits under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) during the Covid-19 pandemic had established PMJDY as the preferred channel to access govt schemes in view of direct benefit transfer and drove people especially in rural areas to open accounts. 
 
The average balance in an account hovers around ₹3,000, and the average cost of maintaining these accounts for a bank is almost the same. 
 
When balances grow, banks tend to benefit from PMJDY. So the Centre needs to make the scheme more attractive or the pace of growth in the number of accounts will be slow, said a senior executive with a public sector bank. 
 
There is also a need to weed out dormant or inoperative accounts, he added. As per government data, about 18 percent of total accounts are either dormant or inoperative (as on June 2022). 
 
Launched in August 2014, PM JMDJY has recently completed eight years.
 
Yearly growth of the total balance in PMJDY
 
* April 2022: ₹1,67,812 cr
 
* April 2021: ₹1,46,084 cr
 
* April 2020: ₹1,19,680 cr
 
* April 2019: ₹97,665 cr
 
* April 2018: ₹79,012 cr

Source : The Hindu Businessline

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
October 16
B)
October 17
C)
October 18
D)
October 19

Correct Answer : Option (B) - October 17

Note :

Every year, October 17 is celebrated as World Trauma Day. The day is observed with a view to prevent the increasing rate of accidents and injuries causing death and disability across the world. The day was created in New Delhi, India, in 2011
 
This was a result of the high number of deaths caused by road accidents in the country, an estimate of over 400 people lost their lives each day to it. Road Traffic Accident (RTA) is the leading cause of trauma across the world.
 
World Trauma Day History : World Trauma Day was established in 2011 in New Delhi, India. This is because the number of deaths due to traffic accidents in Korea is high, and According to an estimate, it has been seen that more than 400 people die every day. Therefore, this day was created to reduce the number of injuries and deaths, as well as the consequences of damage to the country and the world as a whole.
 
Road accidents account for one of the most common types of traumatic experiences in the world. In addition, experiences that stem from primary military operations, domestic abuse, and sexual assaults follow in the aftermath. Repeated or mishandled trauma can lead to Long-Term Stress Disorder (L.T.S.D.). Accounts dating back to the early 20th century describe an in-depth look at the disastrous effects that traumatic events can cause.
 
World War II inspired advancements to the way trauma is understood. Soldiers were later allowed to take a break from the conflict to get rid of their heads and return to the fight later on. In addition, trauma-related cognitive therapy began to flourish during the Vietnam War and Korean War.
 
World Trauma Day 2022 Significance : On World Trauma Day, people the world over come together to commemorate those that have died or become injured due to violence and trauma or accidents. Furthermore, the day emphasizes the importance of prevention and how everyone can contribute to making the world a safer place.
 
The day provides a platform for people to share their stories, learn from one another, and raise awareness of the problem of violence and trauma in their communities. Candlelight vigils, workshops, and educational programs are held throughout the world. Unfortunately, there are very few solutions to the problem of violence and trauma. Still, we can all help make a difference by coming together on World Trauma Day.

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
Etihad Airways
B)
Singapore Airlines
C)
Vistara Airline
D)
Adani Airport Holdings

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Adani Airport Holdings

Note :

Adani Airport Holdings has again rejigged its top management, naming Ericsson veteran Arun Bansal its chief executive, said several people close to the matter.
 
Bansal, who spent 25 years at the Swedish telecom network company, was most recently its president for Europe and Latin America.
 
The appointment will help strengthen digital transformation and the business growth agenda.
 
Notably : Adani’s airports account for 25% of airport footfalls and 40% of air cargo in India.
 
Bansal will probably be primarily based at Ahmedabad and can report back to long-time Adani Group veteran Malay Mahadevia, who’s director, operations, on the airports firm. Bansal is available in at a time when demand for air journey is rising and the enterprise is step by step shrugging off the woes of the pandemic. 
 
Chairman Gautam Adani needs to digitise his airport enterprise quick and make it a connector to his enterprise empire which spans energy, ports, inexperienced vitality, agri commodities, telecom and logistics..

Source : Economic Times

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
Reenat Sandhu
B)
Hemant H. Kotalwar
C)
Apoorva Srivastava
D)
Jaideep Mazumdar

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Apoorva Srivastava

Note :

Ms Apoorva Srivastava (IFS: 2001), presently Consul General of the Consulate General of India in Toronto has been appointed the next Ambassador of India to the Slovak RepublicMEA press release stated on 15th Oct 2022.

She is expected to take up the assignment shortly..

Source : MEA
 

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
Johan Pehrson
B)
Ulf Kristersson
C)
Per Bolund
D)
Elisabeth Svantesson

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Ulf Kristersson

Note :

Conservative leader Ulf Kristersson was on Monday(17th Oct 2022) elected Sweden's new Prime Minister and was, for the first time, backed by the far-right Sweden Democrats.
 
Kristersson, 58, was elected with 176 votes in favour and 173 against, after announcing a deal on Friday(14th Oct 2022) to form a three-party government between his Moderate Party, the Christian Democrats and the Liberals, supported in parliament by their key ally, the far-right Sweden Democrats.
 
The new government plans to cut taxes, begin the process of building new nuclear power plants, cap benefits, tighten immigration rules and give police more powers as part of a policy deal with the Sweden Democrats..

Source : India Today

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
358 million people
B)
387 million people
C)
415 million people
D)
424 million people

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 415 million people

Note :

In a "historical change" for India, 415 million people exited multidimensional poverty in the country in 15 years between 2005-06 and 2019-21, the United Nations (UN) said on Monday(17th Oct 2022).
 
The incidence of poverty in the country dropped from 55.1% in 2005-06 to 16.4% in 2019-21, as per the latest Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) compiled jointly by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).

The index has stated that India still has the world’s highest number of poor at 228.9 million, followed by Nigeria (96.7 million projected in 2020).

The report found that across 111 countries which were assessed using the most recent comparable data available, 1.2 billion people (19.1 per cent) live in acute poverty and almost half of these people (593 million) are children under the age of 18 years.

The developing region with the largest number of poor people is Sub-Saharan Africa (nearly 579 million), followed by South Asia (385 million), the report highlighted.
 
The Pandemic Effect : The MPI highlighted that the Covid-19 pandemic had set the global progress in reducing poverty back by 3–10 years. “Despite progress, India’s population remains vulnerable to the mounting effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and to rising food and energy prices. Integrated policies tackling the ongoing nutritional and energy crises should be a priority,” the report said..

Source : Economic Times

   Show Answer
Published On : October 18, 2022
A)
Gujarat
B)
Karnataka
C)
Uttar Pradesh
D)
Maharashtra

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Gujarat

Note :

Prime Minister, Narendra Modi kickstarted the distribution of PMJAY-MA Yojana Ayushman cards in Gujarat via video conferencing, today(17th Oct 2022).

The Prime Minister also interacted with the beneficiaries of PMJAY-MA Yojana Ayushman cards via video conferencing.
 
Prime Minister expressed delight that such a mega event about public health is taking place just before Dhanteras and Diwali. Quoting the Shastras, the Prime Minister recited, “Arogyam Paramam Bhagyaam” and expressed happiness that under the leadership of Chief Minister Bhupendra Patel, an event of such massive scale was taking place to give Arogya Dhan to lakhs of people of Gujarat.
 
Drawing from the experience of the success of this scheme, the Prime Minister launched the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) in 2018 - the largest health insurance scheme in the world providing coverage of up to Rs. 5 lakh per family per year for primary, secondary and tertiary care hospitalization without any cap on the family size and age.
 
With the launch of the AB-PMJAY, Gujarat integrated MA / MAV Yojana with the AB-PM-JAY scheme in 2019 with the name PMJAY-MA Yojana and the beneficiaries under MA/MAV and AB-PMJAY became eligible for co-branded PMJAY-MA cards.
 
During the programme, the Prime Minister kickstarted the distribution of these cards which was followed by 50 lakh colour-printed Ayushman cards were distributed to all the beneficiaries across Gujarat at their doorstep by National Health Authority empanelled agencies after performing e-KYC of beneficiaries..

Source : AIR

   Show Answer
Published On : October 17, 2022
A)
Haryana
B)
West Bengal
C)
Himachal Pradesh
D)
Uttarakhand

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Uttarakhand

Note :

Union Minister of Education "Dharmendra Pradhan" and Chief Minister "Pushkar Singh Dhami" on Sunday(16th Oct 2022) launched the National Education Policy - 2020 in higher education in Uttarakhand for the academic session 2022-23. 
 
Uttarakhand was the first state in the country to launch the new education policy in primary education with Bal Vatikas.
 
"Uttarakhand is the land of scholars. Many new ideas will come from the state for the better implementation of the new education policy," Mr Pradhan said at the launch. Efforts will have to be made to ensure that 100 per cent of children join Bal Vatikas, he said.
 
The new education policy has been prepared keeping in mind all aspects of human life, Mr Pradhan said. Apart from education, attention has been given to the new policy to skill development and personality development of the children, and inculcating in them moral values, he said.
 
Education is directly related to self-reliance, he said. Under the new education policy formal education of children in Bal Vatikas will start at the age of three and by the time they enter Class 1 they will be six years old.
 
"We need to start with a target of giving quality education to 40 lakh children in Uttarakhand from infancy to the age of 21-22 years under the new policy," the Union Minister said..

Source : NDTV

   Show Answer
Published On : October 17, 2022
A)
Ashwini Vaishnaw
B)
Nitin Gadkari
C)
Rajnath Singh
D)
Nirmala Sitharaman

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Ashwini Vaishnaw

Note :

Union Minister for Railways "Ashwini Vaishnaw" inaugurated India’s First Aluminum Freight Rake at Bhubaneswar Railway Station in Odisha on Sunday(16th OCt 2022).

The indigenously built rake will reduce carbon footprint due to lower consumption of fuel.  A single rake can reduce 14,500 tonnes  Carbon dioxide emissions during its lifetime, said the Minister.
 
Union Minister MR Vaishnaw who is also the minister for Communications and Electronics & Information has said that high-speed 5G internet service will be rolled out in a few cities of Odisha by March 2023.
 
Speaking to media persons in Odisha capital Bhubaneswar today(16th Oct 2022) the Union Minister said, In the first phase of rollout, 200 cities of India will be connected with the 5G network. In this phase, all big cities of Odisha will also receive a 5G network by the end of March 2023.
 
By the end of 2023, under phase II, around 80 percent of the State will be covered under the high-speed internet service, the minister revealed.
 
He said All the big cities will be covered in phase -1 and the service will be subsequently extended to semi-urban areas and then, rural areas..

Source : AIR

   Show Answer
Published On : October 17, 2022