Daily & Latest Current Affair in 2022

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
A)
Spain
B)
Mexico
C)
Brazil
D)
Canada

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Brazil

Note :

The Sitio Burle Marx site, a landscape garden in "Brazilian" city Rio de Janeiro has been added to UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites. The garden features more than 3,500 species of plants native to Rio and is considered a laboratory for botanical and landscape experimentation.
 
The site has been named after Burle Marx, a Brazilian landscape architect whose designs of parks and gardens made him world-famous. The Sitio Burle Marx site was his home until 1985.

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Published On : May 1, 2022
A)
April 30th
B)
April 29th
C)
April 28th
D)
April 27th

Correct Answer : Option (A) - April 30th

Note :

International Jazz Day is celebrated annually on April 30th. The day aims to raise awareness about the virtues of jazz as an educational tool, and a force for empathy, dialogue, and enhanced cooperation among people. April 30 not only celebrates the gift of music but also unites the countries and communities from across the globe to celebrate jazz.
 
This genre of music plays a crucial role in fostering dialogue, fighting discrimination, and promoting human dignity.
 
The origin of the International Jazz Day goes back to 2011 when the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared the day an opportunity to recognise Jazz music and give voice to its role in uniting people from all walks of life. Since 2011, the day has garnered a lot of acknowledgment, especially from the music lovers and musicians who gather from every corner of the world to celebrate with enthusiasm and spirit of Jazz.
 
The idea was tossed by Jazz pianist and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador Herbie Hancock, who along with the UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay chaired the event and ensured that people from across the globe come out and with euphoria participate in the celebrations every year.
 
Paris, New Orleans, and New York were some of the first places to educate their people and draw excitement on the International Jazz Day. Jazz is considered by many as “America’s Classical Music”, as it began more than 100 years ago in New Orleans..

Source : News18

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Published On : April 30, 2022
A)
Second Saturday of April
B)
28th April
C)
29th April
D)
last Saturday of April

Correct Answer : Option (D) - last Saturday of April

Note :

World Veterinary Day is observed on the last Saturday of April every year. This year, World Veterinary Day is being celebrated on "April 30th". The day aims to highlight and promote the work performed by veterinarians all over the world.

This celebration was created by the World Veterinary Association in 2000.
 
World Veterinary Day is an opportunity to make known, highlight and illustrate the wide variety of duties and responsibilities the veterinarians play at a local, national and international level, the challenges they face in their day-to-day work and their contribution to the benefit of the global society.
 
World Veterinary Day 2022 theme : The World Veterinary Day 2022 theme is "Strengthening Veterinary Resilience."..

Source : Times Now News

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Published On : April 30, 2022
4 .
Consider the following statements:
 
  1. The sale of menthol cigarettes is not banned in India.
  2. In 2012, Finland became the first country to ban the menthol cigarettes.
 
Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?
A)
1 only
B)
2 only
C)
Both 1 and 2
D)
Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 2 only

Note :

Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a proposal to ban menthol cigarettes and flavored cigars.

In 2012, Brazil became the first country in the world to ban menthol cigarettes. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.

India has not banned the sale of menthol cigarettes. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

In 2019, the Centre banned electronic cigarettes and in addition, different states have their own rules in place banning hookah consumption, including flavored hookahs, in public places.

Menthol, with its minty taste and aroma, “reduces the irritation and harshness of smoking.

This increases appeal and makes menthol cigarettes easier to use, particularly for youth and young adults.

Menthol also interacts with nicotine in the brain to enhance nicotine’s addictive effects, while making it more difficult for people to quit smoking.

Source : Indian Express

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Published On : April 30, 2022
5 .
With reference to Scheduled Tribes, consider the following statements:
 
  1. he Constitution prescribes the criteria for declaring a community declared as a Scheduled Tribe.
  2. Primitive Tribal Groups were created on the recommendation of the Dhebar Commission.
 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A)
1 only
B)
2 only
C)
Both 1 and 2
D)
Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer : Option (B) - 2 only

Note :

Article 366 (25) of the Constitution refers to Scheduled Tribes as those communities that are scheduled in accordance with Article 342 of the Constitution.

Article 342 says that only those communities who have been declared as such by the President through an initial public notification or through a subsequent amending Act of Parliament will be Scheduled Tribes.

The list of Scheduled Tribes is State/UT specific, and a community declared as a Scheduled Tribe in one State need not be so in another State.

The Constitution is silent about the criteria for specification of a community as a Scheduled Tribe. Hence, statement 1 is NOT correct.

In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, that are less developed among the tribal groups.

In 2006, the Government of India renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Hence, statement 2 is correct.

PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.

Source : Indian Express

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Published On : April 30, 2022
A)
Karataka
B)
Maharashtra
C)
Madhya Pradesh
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Maharashtra

Note :

Maharashtra became the first state in India to develop a website-based Migration Tracking System (MTS) application to track the movement of migrant workers through individual unique identity numbers. The MTS project aims to ensure the continuity of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) for migrant beneficiaries, such as children under the age of 18, lactating mothers, and pregnant women who are registered with Anganwadi centres.
 
Migration workers will be tracked to ensure the portability of the ICDS for their families in their destination districts within or outside the state until their return to their native places. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It was launched in 1975.

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Published On : April 30, 2022
7 .
Consider the following statements with reference to the MSME Sustainable (ZED) Certification Scheme:
 
  1. It is an extensive drive to enable and facilitate MSMEs adopting Zero Defect Zero Effect practices.
  2. There are three levels of certifications which are Bronze, Silver and Gold.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A)
1 only
B)
2 only
C)
Both 1 and 2
D)
Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Both 1 and 2

Note :

MSME Sustainable (ZED) Certification Scheme :

This Scheme is an extensive drive to enable and facilitate MSMEs adopt ZED practices and motivate and incentivize them for ZED (Zero Defect Zero Effect) Certification while also encouraging them to become MSME Champions. Hence statement 1 is correct.

MSME Sustainable (ZED) Certification can be attained in Three Levels after registering and taking the ZED Pledge:

Certification Level 1: BRONZE
Certification Level 2: SILVER
Certification Level 3: GOLD. Hence statement 2 is correct.

After taking the ZED Pledge, the MSME can apply for any Certification Level if it feels that it can fulfil the requirements mentioned in each level.

The intent of taking a ZED Pledge is to take a “pre-commitment” or a solemn promise by MSMEs to uphold the values of Zero Defect Zero Effect in their practices and to urge them to move ahead on the journey of ZED.

Source : PIB

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Published On : April 30, 2022
8 .
Consider the following statements with reference to the MSME Sustainable (ZED) Certification Scheme:
 
  1. It is an extensive drive to enable and facilitate MSMEs adopting Zero Defect Zero Effect practices.
  2. There are three levels of certifications which are Bronze, Silver and Gold.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A)
1 only
B)
2 only
C)
Both 1 and 2
D)
Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Both 1 and 2

Note :

MSME Sustainable (ZED) Certification Scheme :

This Scheme is an extensive drive to enable and facilitate MSMEs adopt ZED practices and motivate and incentivize them for ZED (Zero Defect Zero Effect) Certification while also encouraging them to become MSME Champions. Hence statement 1 is correct.

MSME Sustainable (ZED) Certification can be attained in Three Levels after registering and taking the ZED Pledge:

Certification Level 1: BRONZE
Certification Level 2: SILVER
Certification Level 3: GOLD. Hence statement 2 is correct.

After taking the ZED Pledge, the MSME can apply for any Certification Level if it feels that it can fulfil the requirements mentioned in each level.

The intent of taking a ZED Pledge is to take a “pre-commitment” or a solemn promise by MSMEs to uphold the values of Zero Defect Zero Effect in their practices and to urge them to move ahead on the journey of ZED.

Source : PIB

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Published On : April 30, 2022
A)
Rajnish Kumar
B)
Chanda Kochhar
C)
Dinesh Kumar Khara
D)
Arundhati Bhattacharya

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Rajnish Kumar

Note :

Indifi Technologies, lending platform for MSMEs, Thursday(28th April 2022) announced the appointment of Rajnish Kumar, former chairman of the State Bank of India, as an advisor. In this capacity, Kumar will engage with the management on the company’s growth strategy and provide guidance in the financial services sector.
 
In his capacity as an advisor, Kumar will engage with the management on the company's growth strategy and provide guidance in the financial services sector, online lender Indifi said in a statement. Kumar has had a long and illustrious career in banking and finance. He currently sits on the boards of HSBC Asia Pacific, L&T Infotech, Hero MotoCorp and BharatPe..

Source : CNBCTV18

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Published On : April 29, 2022
A)
Vijay Sampla
B)
Som Parkash
C)
Anju Bala
D)
Dharmendra Kashyap

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Vijay Sampla

Note :

* BJP leader and former Union minister Vijay Sampla has been appointed as the chairperson of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) for a second time.
 
* The official order for his appointment was issued by President Ram Nath Kovind on Wednesday(27th April 2022).
 
* Sampla had resigned as the NCSC chairman ahead of the Punjab elections and had contested the polls.
 
* Sampla, a prominent Dalit politician from Punjab, began his political career in 1998 as the sarpanch of Sofipind village in Jalandhar Cantonment. He has also served in the Punjab government.
 
* He was the chairman of Punjab Khadi Board from 2008 to 2012 and the chairman of the Punjab State Forest Development Corporation in 2014..
 

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Published On : April 29, 2022