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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

Current Affairs is a very important part of the overall preparation strategy for various Competitive Entrance and Government Recruitment Exams. Free Time Learning offers Today Current Affairs provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs for UPSC, IAS/PCS, UPPSC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, SSC, CGL, Railway, APPSC, TSPSC, KPSC, TNPSC, TPSC, UPPSC, MPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, UKPSC, MPSC, and other competitive exams.

A)
Kerala
B)
Punjab
C)
Haryana
D)
Uttar Pradesh

Correct Answer :   Haryana


* Haryana clinched the team titles in both the boys and girls categories with an impressive combined haul of 19 medals at the boxing Sub Junior National Championship.

* Haryana, the reigning champion in the girls section, successfully defended its title after finishing on top of the table with 64 points. It won 10 medals including seven gold, one silver and two bronze.

* Haryana boxers stamped their authority with a dominating display as six out of seven boxers won comfortably with unanimous 5-0 decisions.

* Diya (61kg) continued her phenomenal form with a convincing 5-0 win over Delhi’s Yashika. She was also adjudged the best boxer.

* The other gold medallists for Haryana in the girls category were Bhoomi (35kg), Nischal Sharma (37kg), Rakhi (43kg), Naitik (52kg), Navya (55kg) and Sukhreet (64kg).


* Delhi and Maharashtra finished second and third with 34 and 31 points, respectively. Boxers from Delhi won one gold, three silver and four bronze medals while Maharashtra ended its campaign with a gold, three silver and two bronze medals.

* Bronze medallist Hillang (37kg) of Arunachal Pradesh secured the most promising boxer award in the girls category.

* Haryana boxers showcased their might in the boys category as well, winning nine medals which included six gold, two silver and one bronze to secure the first position with 62 points.

* Uday Singh led Haryana’s domination with a 5-0 victory in 37kg against S. Sujith of Tamil Nadu. Nitin (40kg), Ravi Sihag (49kg), Lakshay (52kg), Naman (58kg) and Anmol Dahiya (64kg) also won their respective finals to give Haryana a perfect end to its impressive campaign.

* Uttarakhand finished second with 34 points (three gold and three silver medals) followed by UP (one gold, three silver, one bronze medal).

* The tournament witnessed the participation of 612 boxers, including 337 boys and 275 girls..

Source : The Hindu

Published On : March 26, 2024
A)
Bhushan Gagrani
B)
Ramesh Bais
C)
Saurabh Rao
D)
Kailash Shinde

Correct Answer :   Bhushan Gagrani


Following the directives from the Election Commission of India, Bhushan Gagrani, a 1990 batch IAS officer, has been appointed as Commissioner of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). He has replaced Iqbal Singh Chahal from the 1989 batch IAS, who held the position for over four years.

Additionally, several other officers have been transferred from their roles at BMC :

* P Velrasu (2002 batch IAS), responsible for project oversight, has been replaced by Abhijit Bangar (2008 batch IAS).

* Ashwini Bhide (1995 batch IAS), overseeing the eastern suburbs and various departments, has been replaced by Amit Saini (2007 batch IAS).

* Saurabh Rao (2003 batch IAS) has been appointed as the chief of the Thane Municipal Corporation..

Source : Eletsonline

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
Rs 53,900 Crore
B)
55,500 crore
C)
57,600 crore
D)
59,800 crore

Correct Answer :   Rs 53,900 Crore


The insurance sector in India has attracted a massive Rs 53,900 crore as Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the last 9 years, according to Financial Services Secretary Vivek Joshi.

This substantial FDI influx reflects investor confidence and interest in the Indian insurance market.

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
Nuclear waste management
B)
Nuclear weapons development
C)
Military applications of nuclear power
D)
Peaceful use of nuclear power

Correct Answer :   Peaceful use of nuclear power


National Cadet Corps (NCC) and Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) signed MoU to enhance peaceful use of nuclear energy. NCC and NPCIL together will organize various awareness programs across the country for this.

Signing of MOU:

* This agreement was signed on March 21, 2024 in New Delhi. It was signed by NCC Director General Lt Gen Gurbirpal Singh and NPCIL Executive Director BVS Shekhar.

Key points of the MoU :

* NPCIL will educate NCC cadets in this initiative. Thereafter will provide resource persons for regional engagement with NCC during camps and various activities.
* This MoU will provide an opportunity to the cadets to visit various NPCIL facilities across the country.
* This will provide first-hand experience on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, its technical and technological aspects.

NCC cadets will become aware and responsible youth :

* Director General, NCC described the MoU as one of the initiatives of NCC to broaden the horizon of cadets. Between the two, more aware and responsible youth will be prepared. The Director General said that 15 lakh NCC cadets have the potential to influence the thinking of youth across the world.
* The Director General expressed confidence that the cadets will play an important role in making the awareness campaign on peaceful uses of nuclear energy a successful initiative.

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
European Union
B)
United Nations
C)
World Health Organization
D)
International Monetary Fund

Correct Answer :   United Nations


The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the first global resolution on Artificial Intelligence (AI).

This resolution, proposed by the USA and co-sponsored by China and over 120 other nations, aims to safeguard human rights, protect personal data, and monitor AI for potential risks.

The UNGA, headquartered in New York and founded in 1945, is chaired by Dennis Francis.

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
54
B)
44
C)
34
D)
24

Correct Answer :   34


With food poisoning and diarrhoea becoming a common occurrence, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is working towards creating a network of 34 microbiology labs across the country that will be equipped to test food products for 10 pathogens, including E coli, salmonella and listeria.

* “These labs will help test food for microbial contamination that can lead to spoilage of food and potential health risks,” said a senior health official of FSSAI.

* Another official said: “In fact, diarrhoea and food poisoning is so common that most people do not even report such instances. However, it is the job of the department to ensure that the food is safe. These labs will be able to test the food samples collected during routine surveillance for microbes now.”

* Data from the National Centre for Disease Control, which tracks the trajectory of several diseases every week, shows that acute diarrhoeal disease and food poisoning were the two most common outbreaks in the country. There were over 1,100 outbreaks of acute diarrhoeal disease across the country in the last four years and nearly 550 outbreaks of food poisoning.

* However, none of the state food safety labs are currently equipped to test for pathogens as they require maintaining live reference samples, expensive reagents and a microbiologist.

* “There are 79 state food testing laboratories in the country, but none of them really tests for microbes. They are equipped to test for protein or carbohydrate content of a food item to see whether it has what is written on the pack,” said the official..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
Once
B)
Twice
C)
Thrice
D)
Four times

Correct Answer :   Twice


The Equinox (Vernal & Autumnal)

There are only two times of the year when the Earth's axis is tilted neither toward nor away from the sun, resulting in a "nearly" equal amount of daylight and darkness at all latitudes. These events are referred to as Equinoxes. The word equinox is derived from two Latin words - aequus (equal) and nox (night). At the equator, the sun is directly overhead at noon on these two equinoxes.  The "nearly" equal hours of day and night are due to refraction of sunlight or a bending of the light's rays that causes the sun to appear above the horizon when the actual position of the sun is below the horizon.  Additionally, the days become a little longer at the higher latitudes (those at a distance from the equator) because it takes the sun longer to rise and set.  Therefore, on the equinox and for several days before and after the equinox, the length of day will range from about 12 hours and six and one-half minutes at the equator, to 12 hours and 8 minutes at 30 degrees latitude, to 12 hours and 16 minutes at 60 degrees latitude.

The Solstices (Summer & Winter)

The summer solstice occurs at the moment the earth's tilt toward/from the sun is at a maximum. Therefore, on the day of the summer solstice, the sun appears at its highest elevation with a noontime position that changes very little for several days before and after the summer solstice.  The summer solstice occurs when the sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer, which is located at 23.5° latitude North and runs through Mexico, the Bahamas, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, India, and southern China.  For every place north of the Tropic of Cancer, the sun is at its highest point in the sky and this is the longest day of the year.

The winter solstice marks the shortest day and longest night of the year. In the Northern Hemisphere, it occurs when the sun is directly over the Tropic of Capricorn, which is located at 23.5° south of the equator and runs through Australia, Chile, southern Brazil, and northern South Africa..

Source : Weather

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
2005
B)
2004
C)
2003
D)
2002

Correct Answer :   2005


The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, of 2002, along with its Rules, came into force on July 1, 2005.

This Act was enacted by the NDA government to combat money laundering activities and facilitate the confiscation of property obtained through such illegal means..

Source : dor.gov

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
Anjali Gupta
B)
Rajesh Sinha
C)
LV Vaidyanathan
D)
Kumar Venkatasubramanian

Correct Answer :   Kumar Venkatasubramanian


Leading FMCG company P&G India has announced the appointment of Kumar Venkatasubramanian as its new Chief Executive Officer (CEO), effective from May 1, 2024.

Outgoing CEO LV Vaidyanathan to Pursue Personal Interests :

The current CEO, LV Vaidyanathan, will be leaving the company to pursue personal interests after serving P&G for 28 years.

Venkatasubramanian’s Journey at P&G :

Venkatasubramanian, an IIM Calcutta alumnus, started his journey with P&G in 2000 as part of the sales team in India, straight after campus recruitment. Before his current role as CEO of P&G Australia and New Zealand, he was leading the sales team in P&G India until 2020.


Significant Experience in India :

With almost 24 years of experience, the majority of which was in India, Venkatasubramanian has played a pivotal role in P&G India’s growth trajectory across various roles, primarily in the sales function.

Driving Growth and Inclusion :

In his current role overseeing the Australia and New Zealand markets, Venkatasubramanian has been responsible for delivering record metrics driven by category growth and strong retailer partnerships. He is an advocate for equality and inclusion, and under his leadership, several impactful programs were expanded for employees and the community, including P&G ANZ’s partnership with the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.

Leading FMCG Giant in India :

As the new CEO of P&G India, Venkatasubramanian will be leading the company’s four entities – Procter & Gamble Hygiene & Health Care, Procter & Gamble Health, Gillette India, and Procter & Gamble Home Products. With his extensive experience and proven track record, he is poised to guide P&G India’s growth and innovation in the dynamic FMCG sector.

Published On : March 25, 2024
A)
3.1
B)
2.2
C)
1.8
D)
1.29

Correct Answer :   1.29


Experts have raised concerns regarding the projected fall in India’s total fertility rate (TFR) in a recent study by Lancet on global fertility rates. The study suggests that India’s TFR, or the average number of children born to a woman, has been seeing a decline over the last century, with the fertility rate falling from 6.18 children per woman in 1950 to a projected 1.29 children per woman by 2050.
 
The study stated that India has already fallen below the replacement level of fertility, required for a population to exactly replace one generation with another. In 2021, India’s TFR was at 1.91 children per woman, below the necessary replacement fertility level of 2.1.

Speaking on the reasons behind the fall in the fertility rate, Aruna Kalra, director, obstetrics and gynaecology, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram said that with the delay in the age of marriage, the average age of first pregnancy has dropped from the mid-20’s to mid to late 30’s.  

Other reasons include an increase in female literacy and women’s workforce participation. “Busy lifestyles in urban areas and high stress jobs are leading people to not consider having children at all,” she added.   


Implications for the economy  :

* Poonam Muttreja, executive director, Population Foundation of India, said that such a trend will pose challenges such as an ageing population, labour force shortages, and potential social imbalances due to gender preferences in the country.

* “While these challenges are still a few decades away for India, we need to start acting now with a comprehensive approach for the future,” she added.
 
* The report also states that India’s TFR can further fall to 1.04 children per woman in the year 2100.     

* In countries like India, having more children is economically unviable for most families. Giving the example of Scandinavian countries, Muttreja said that countries like Sweden and Denmark are dealing with these challenges by supporting families through affordable childcare, investing in healthcare, and taking on large-scale male-engagement initiatives..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : March 25, 2024