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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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August 21
August 20
August 19
August 18

Correct Answer : Option (A) - August 21

The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is observed annually on August 21. This is the sixth commemoration of the International Day of Remembrance of and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, on 21 August 2023.

History of the Day :

* The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism was established by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 72/165 of 20 December 2017. The resolution was adopted by consensus, reflecting the strong international commitment to combating terrorism and supporting its victims.

* The day was chosen to commemorate the bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq, on August 21, 2003, which killed 22 people, including Sergio Vieira de Mello, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Significance of the Day :

* The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is a day to remember and honor the victims and survivors of terrorism. It is also a day to reaffirm the international community’s commitment to combating terrorism and to promoting and protecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all people.

* On this day, governments, organizations, and individuals around the world hold events to remember the victims of terrorism and to raise awareness about the need to combat this scourge. These events can take many forms, such as candlelight vigils, memorial services, and educational workshops.

* The International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is an important opportunity to come together as a global community and to show our solidarity with the victims and survivors of terrorism. It is also a day to recommit ourselves to the fight against terrorism and to create a world where everyone can live in peace and security.

Published On : August 21, 2023
August 19
August 20
August 21
August 22

Correct Answer : Option (C) - August 21

World Senior Citizen Day is celebrated on August 21 every year to raise awareness of the contributions of older adults to society. In India, a senior citizen means any person who has attained the age of sixty years or above.

In a more general sense, senior citizens are elderly people, especially those who have retired. This day is celebrated to recognise the wisdom, knowledge, and accomplishments of older individuals while raising awareness about the issues they face and advocating for their well-being.

Here are some ways to celebrate World Senior Citizen Day :

* Visit a senior citizen center or nursing home and spend time with the residents.
* Volunteer your time to an organization that helps senior citizens.
* Donate to a charity that supports senior citizens.
* Learn more about the issues faced by senior citizens and advocate for policies that will improve their lives.

Here are some of the challenges faced by senior citizens :

* Healthcare: Senior citizens are more likely to have chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. They are also more likely to need long-term care, such as nursing home care.
* Financial security: Many senior citizens have limited financial resources. They may have retired on a fixed income that is not enough to cover their expenses.
* Loneliness and isolation: As people age, they may lose friends and family members. They may also become more isolated from society.
* Ageism: Ageism is discrimination against people based on their age. Senior citizens may experience ageism in employment, housing, and healthcare.

World Senior Citizen Day 2023 Significance :

The significance of World Senior Citizen Day is twofold. First, it is a day to honor the contributions of senior citizens to society. Senior citizens have made significant contributions in all areas of life, from raising families and building businesses to serving in the military and leading governments. They have also passed on their wisdom and knowledge to younger generations, helping to shape the world we live in today.

Second, World Senior Citizen Day is a day to raise awareness about the issues faced by senior citizens. As the population ages, the number of senior citizens is increasing. This is putting a strain on resources, such as healthcare and housing. Senior citizens are also more likely to be victims of crime and abuse. World Senior Citizen Day is an opportunity to raise awareness about these issues and to advocate for policies that will improve the lives of senior citizens.

World Senior Citizen Day History :

The origins of World Senior Citizen Day can be traced back to the efforts of the former President of the United States, Ronald Reagan. In 1988, President Reagan issued a proclamation declaring August 21st as National Senior Citizens Day in the United States. The day was intended to honour the senior citizens in the country for their achievements and contributions, while also highlighting the importance of programs and policies that support their well-being.

Over time, the observance of World Senior Citizen Day extended beyond the United States, evolving into a global celebration. People around the world recognize the invaluable role that senior citizens play in society, from preserving cultural heritage to offering guidance to younger generations. This recognition led to the establishment of World Senior Citizen Day as an international observance.

Published On : August 21, 2023
Titan arum
Talipot Palm
Neptune Grass
Rufflesia Arnoldii

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Rufflesia Arnoldii

Flowers, with their captivating beauty and diverse forms, have always fascinated humanity. From the enchanting fragrance of a rose to the massive blossoms that seem to defy the laws of nature.

Our planet is a home to about 369,400 species of flowers, while most of the species of flowers are unknown to us. Flowers are symbols of beauty, fragrance and vibrant colors, often serving as gifts that bring happiness and convey emotions.

Flowers have different sizes and shapes, with the largest of them weighing as much as 20 pounds. In this article we will read about the top 10 largest flower in the world with their unique features.

Largest Flower of the World :

The largest flower of the world is Rufflesia Arnoldii. From its immense size to its pungent aroma, the Rafflesia arnoldii is like a symbol of diversity and ingenuity of the natural world.

Here is the list of Top-10 Biggest Flowers in the World with their scientific names :

S. No. Flowers Scientific Name
1. Rafflesia Arnoldii Rafflesia Arnoldii (stinking corpse lily)
2. Titan Arum (Corpse flower) Amorphophallus titanum
3. Talipot Palm Corypha Umbraculifera
4. Neptune Grass Posidonia Oceanica
5. Amazon Water Lily Victoria Amazonica
6. Puya Raimondi Puya Raimondi
7. Tree peony Paeonia suffruticosa
8. Hibiscus Hibiscus syriacus
9. Magnolia Mongolia grandiflora
10. Lotus Nelumbo nucifera

1. Largest Flower in the World: Rafflesia Arnoldii

Scientific name: Rafflesia arnoldii

Weight: 11 kg (20 pounds)

Diameter: 3 feet

Country: Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines

Scientific importance: Women in Peninsular Malaysia use Rafflesia buds to heal fever, reduce internal bleeding and shrink womb the following childbirth.

Other features: Rafflesia Arnoldii is the world’s biggest flower found in rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo. The flower is considered the stinkiest flower on the earth. It doesn’t require sunlight for its growth and thrives on the damp soil of dense forests. It doesn’t have any roots, stems or leaves. Due to its various uniqueness, the largest flower on earth has been a subject of poaching, making it a rare and endangered species.

2. World’s Second Largest Flower: Titan Arum

Scientific name: Amorphophallus titanium

Height: up to 20 feet

Weight: 110 kg

Scientific importance: The root of this flower is used to make medicine. Arum is used to treat colds and throat swelling despite major safety concerns. It also encourages perspiration and relieves chest congestion.

Other features: Titan Arum is the second largest flower in the world, comes from the flowering plant family Araceae. It takes 40 years to bloom and smells like the skin of a dead human body like Rufflesia. The rotting smell of Corpse flowers attracts scavengers and the plant feeds on them. Titan arum flower needs high temperature and humidity to grow, if they are kept in cool temperatures for long, they die.

3. World’s third largest flower: Talipoy Palm

Scientific name: Corypha Umbraculifera

Height:  up to 25 m

Diameter of stem: 1.3 m or 2.5 feet

Location: Andamans, Srilanka, Cambodia and China

Significance:  The leaves of this flower are used to thatch homes, protect walls, plait mats and serve as umbrellas during rains.

Other features: This is the third biggest flower on the earth which has a lifetime for about 60 years. The unique feature of this flower is that it is monocarpic, which means it flowers and gives fruits only once in its lifetime.

Published On : August 21, 2023
Narendra Modi
Droupadi Murmu
Ram Nath Kovind
Jagdeep Dhankhar

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Droupadi Murmu

President Droupadi Murmu has officially granted her assent to two crucial pieces of legislation, namely the Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2023, and the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2023. Both of these bills, which had recently received approval from the Parliament, have now become law with the President’s endorsement.

Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2023: Enhancing Definitions and Scope :

The Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2023, is designed to introduce amendments to the existing Central Goods and Services Tax Act of 2017. This bill encompasses adjustments to key definitions and provisions to better align with evolving technological and economic landscapes.

* Defining Online Gaming and Virtual Digital Assets: The bill adds definitions for crucial terms such as “online gaming,” “online money gaming,” and “virtual digital assets.” It clarifies that online gaming refers to the offering of games over the internet or electronic networks, encompassing money gaming as well.

Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2023: Refining Taxation in the Digital Age :

The Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2023, is centered around refining the provisions of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act of 2017. This amendment focuses on a specific aspect related to online activities.

* Exclusion of Online Money Gaming from Online Information Services: A significant amendment introduced by this bill is the exclusion of online money gaming from the definition of “online information and data access or retrieval services.” This alteration recognizes the unique nature of online money gaming in contrast to other forms of online services.

These amendments collectively reflect the government’s commitment to addressing contemporary challenges and opportunities in the realm of taxation and regulation. By accommodating the nuances of online activities, these bills contribute to a more comprehensive and up-to-date legislative framework.

Published On : August 21, 2023
30 Crores
40 Crores
50 Crores
70 Crores

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 50 Crores

The total number of Jan Dhan accounts in the country has crossed 50 crore-mark, with 56 per cent of the accounts belonging to women, the finance ministry said on Friday (18th Aug 2023).

About 67 per cent of these accounts have been opened in rural and semi-urban areas, it said in a statement.

The total deposits in these accounts are above ₹ 2.03 lakh crore while around 34 crore RuPay cards have been issued with these accounts free of cost.

The average balance in Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) accounts is ₹ 4,076 and more than 5.5 crore of these are receiving Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), it said.

The National Mission on Financial Inclusion -- popularly known as PMJDY -- which was launched on August 28, 2014, has been successful in changing the financial landscape of the country, it added.

PMJDY offers multiple advantages to account holders such as a bank account without the requirement of a minimum balance, free of cost RuPay debit cards with in-built accident insurance of ₹ 2 lakh, and an overdraft facility of up to ₹ 10,000..

Source : NDTV

Published On : August 21, 2023
Rahul Dravid
Sourav Ganguly
Sachin Tendulkar
Virender Sehwag

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Rahul Dravid

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), the second-largest Indian oil marketing company (OMC), on 19 August 2023 announced Rahul Dravid, cricket legend and the current Head Coach of the Indian cricket team, as its latest brand ambassador.

* "Rahul Dravid's remarkable sportsmanship, role model status, integrity, dependability and trustworthiness perfectly reflect the values we stand for and make him the perfect fit for brand BPCL," said a company statement.

* Rahul Dravid will represent BPCL's Pure for Sure initiative and its range of MAK lubricants.

* G. Krishnakumar, C&MD, BPCL said, "We are delighted to welcome Rahul Dravid to BPCL family. As one of the greatest cricketers of our time, he stood out not only for his exemplary batting skills but also his strong integrity and dependability."

* Rahul Dravid said, "I am honoured to be associated with BPCL, which is one of India’s most iconic companies with a rich legacy of innovation and integrity... I can’t think of a better brand to be associated with and look forward to working with the company as they embark on a new chapter in their journey of growth and success."..

Source : Money Control

Published On : August 21, 2023

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Srinagar

Nestled amidst the picturesque foothills of the Zabarwan range, the "Srinagar's" Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden has etched its name in the annals of the World Book of Records as Asia’s largest and most spectacular park of its kind.

The garden, adorned with a enchanting variety of 1.5 million blooming flowers, stands as a living testament to the beauty and diversity of nature.

The World Book President and CEO, Santosh Shukla, bestowed the esteemed certification upon Fayaz Sheikh, the Secretary of Floriculture, Gardens, and Parks.

A Blossoming Marvel :

With an enchanting collection of 68 distinctive tulip varieties, the Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden is a captivating tapestry of colors and shapes. Each tulip variety presents a unique personality, painting the landscape with hues that range from the most delicate pastels to the most vibrant and striking shades. The garden’s meticulously curated collection showcases the tireless efforts of horticulturists and botanists in cultivating a breathtaking array of nature’s wonders.

Celebrating a Visionary :

The story of the Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden is intertwined with the visionary aspirations of former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister, Ghulam Nabi Azad. In 2006, he conceptualized a haven of natural beauty that would showcase the vibrant and diverse flora of the region. With determination and a deep appreciation for nature’s artistry, the garden was meticulously laid out over the span of less than two years. The endeavor brought together hundreds of dedicated laborers and gardeners who toiled passionately to transform Azad’s dream into a living reality.

A Symphony of Colors :

As the garden’s collection unfolds across its sprawling landscape, visitors are treated to a symphony of colors that awaken the senses and touch the heart. From the tranquil whites and soft pinks that evoke a sense of serenity to the fiery reds and passionate purples that ignite the imagination, the garden offers an immersive experience that transcends the ordinary..

Published On : August 21, 2023

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Kanniyakumari

The Matti banana variety native to Kanniyakumari district has been granted a Geographical Indication (GI) tag. These bananas thrive uniquely in the district’s climate and soil, resulting in a larger-than-human finger-sized fruit with a sweet aroma and honey-like taste.

Unique Characteristics of Matti Banana Variety of Kanniyakumari District :
Thriving Exclusively in Kanniyakumari’s Climate and Soil Conditions.

Distinctive Attributes :

* Size and Taste: Matti bananas are slightly larger-than-human finger-sized fruits with a sweet fragrance and honey-like taste that remains unmatched outside their native region.
* Variety Diversity: There are six distinct types of Matti bananas, each boasting unique qualities in terms of color, aroma, and flavor.

Hybrid Innovation :
The Semmati Banana – Beneficial for Child Growth and Suitable for Diabetics

* Origin: A hybrid creation blending Matti and Red bananas.
* Advantages: Possesses qualities that contribute to child growth and is also suitable for individuals with diabetes.

Complex Factors Shaping Uniqueness :

1. Genotype-Environment-Microbiome Interaction (G×ExM) : Experts Emphasize the Role of Environment in Genetic Expression

* The interaction between genes, environment, and microbiome plays a crucial role in shaping the expression of genetic traits.
* The environment’s influence on gene expression highlights the profound connection between genetics and the surroundings.

2. Multifaceted Distinctiveness : The Confluence of Various Factors Creating Matti Banana’s Uniqueness

* Humidity, Water, and Temperature: Specific environmental conditions contribute to the distinct growth of Matti bananas.
* Soil Composition and Nutrient Balance: The composition of the soil and the balance of nutrients further contribute to the banana’s exceptional attributes.
* Complex Interplay: The intricate interplay of these factors forms a complex web that results in the exceptional qualities of Matti bananas.

Challenges in Replication :

The Complexity of Factors Makes Reproducing Matti Banana’s Traits Difficult

* Attempting to replicate the qualities of Matti bananas in other regions becomes challenging due to the multifaceted nature of the factors involved.
* No single factor can be isolated to reproduce the same characteristics, underscoring the uniqueness of the native environment.

Published On : August 21, 2023
NLC India Limited
NTPC Limited
Coal India
Power Grid Corporation of India

Correct Answer : Option (A) - NLC India Limited

State-owned NLC India (NLCIL) has inked a pact to supply 300 MW of solar power for 25 years to Rajasthan Urja Vikas Nigam under the CPSU scheme.

NLCIL is presently having 1,421 MW of Renewable Energy Capacity. As per its corporate plan, it contemplates establishing 6,031 MW capacity by 2030, a statement said.

NLC India has entered into a long-term power usage agreement with Rajasthan Urja Vikas Nigam Limited to supply 300 MW of solar power under the CPSU Scheme in Rajasthan, it added.

The company has secured 510 MW solar project capacity in the CPSU Scheme Phase-II Tranche-III, floated by Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) through competitive bidding.

The 300 MW solar project capacity is under execution at Barsingsar, Bikaner District, Rajasthan.

The EPC (engineering procurement construction) contract for the project has been awarded to TATA power solar systems through competitive bidding.

The power usage agreement (PUA) for the 300 MW Solar project was signed between NLC India Ltd and Rajasthan Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd (RUVNL) on August 17, 2023, in Jaipur by DK Jain, Director (Finance), RUVNL and DP Singh, GM (PBD) of NLC India for the supply of solar power to Rajasthan for the next 25 years..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : August 19, 2023
August 18
August 19
August 20
August 21

Correct Answer : Option (C) - August 20

Every year, World Mosquito Day is celebrated on August 20. This is done to commemorate the contributions of British doctor Sir Ronald Ross who was the first person to discover the connection between malaria and female anopheline mosquitoes.

Every year, World Mosquito Day is celebrated to create awareness about the dangers of mosquitoes, the ways by which we can protect ourselves from these diseases, and to rise together to combat these insects. As we gear up to celebrate this day, here are a few facts to keep in mind.

Celebrations of World Mosquito Day 2023 :

* One of the best ways to observe World Mosquito Day is by raising funds to help people treat diseases such as malaria, dengue and zika. We can also read about the dangers of mosquitoes online and get informed.

* To commemorate this groundbreaking discovery, World Mosquito Day was founded and is celebrated every year on 20 August. The main motive behind observing World Mosquito Day is to make a world free of mosquito-borne diseases.

Significance of World Mosquito Day 2023 :

* This day is also observed by raising awareness about the dangers of these diseases. Fundraising is done to explore the cure for malaria. The works of scientists such as Ronald Ross and others are also applauded on this day.

The History of World Mosquito Day :

* On August 20, 1897, a British doctor made a groundbreaking discovery. Sir Ronald Ross found that female Anopheles mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans. The parasite was located in the mosquito’s stomach.

* To commemorate this moment in history, World Mosquito Day (WMD) was founded. Each year, WMD presents us with an opportunity to raise awareness of the dangers posed by mosquito-borne diseases and the ongoing efforts to combat the world’s deadliest creature.

Published On : August 19, 2023