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November 16th
November 17th
November 18th
November 19th

Correct Answer :   November 16th

International Day for Tolerance, observed annually on November 16th, serves as a global platform to champion tolerance, respect, and understanding among people of diverse backgrounds and cultures.

This day, instituted by UNESCO, reaffirms the principles of human rights and equality while promoting open-mindedness, empathy, and compassion.

Theme 2023 :

The theme is “Tolerance: A Path to Peace and Reconciliation,” emphasizing the pivotal role of tolerance in building peaceful and inclusive societies.

International Day for Tolerance stands as a reminder of the importance of cultivating tolerance in daily life, promoting it as a cornerstone of peaceful and harmonious societies. As the world grapples with issues of diversity, inclusion, and social justice, this day encourages embracing tolerance to foster understanding, build bridges between cultures, and create a more just and equitable world for all.

History of International Day for Tolerance :

The roots of International Day for Tolerance trace back to 1995 when the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 51/95, designating November 16th as the day to promote tolerance globally. This decision followed the adoption of a Declaration of Principles on Tolerance by UNESCO’s Member States on the same day.

Declaration of Principles on Tolerance : The Declaration of Principles on Tolerance outlines the foundational elements of a tolerant society, emphasizing that tolerance extends beyond passive acceptance to active commitment in understanding, respecting, and appreciating diversity. It underscores the importance of promoting tolerance through education, dialogue, and legal protections.

Establishment of International Day for Tolerance : Aligned with the principles of the Declaration, the UN General Assembly recognized the need for a dedicated day to raise awareness about the significance of tolerance. November 16th was chosen to coincide with the anniversary of UNESCO’s adoption of the Declaration, solidifying the establishment of International Day for Tolerance.

Objectives :

The primary objectives of International Day for Tolerance include:

* Promoting awareness of tolerance for peaceful and inclusive societies.
* Encouraging open-mindedness, empathy, and compassion across diverse cultures.
* Educating the public about the dangers of intolerance, discrimination, and prejudice.
* Reaffirming the principles of human rights and equality for all.

Catalyst for Change : Since its inception, International Day for Tolerance has catalyzed initiatives worldwide, inspiring educational programs, community dialogues, and advocacy campaigns for human rights and equality. The day fosters international collaboration to address global challenges related to intolerance and discrimination.

UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize :

In 1995, UNESCO established the UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize to commemorate the United Nations Year for Tolerance and Mahatma Gandhi’s 125th birth anniversary. This prestigious award recognizes initiatives promoting tolerance and non-violence in scientific, artistic, cultural, or communication domains.

Madanjeet Singh :

Madanjeet Singh, born on April 16, 1924, played a significant role in promoting communal harmony and peace. As the founder of the South Asia Foundation (SAF) in 2000, he aimed to advance sustainable cultural, educational, and economic development. Recognizing his efforts, Madanjeet Singh was appointed a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador on November 16, 2000.

Published On : November 16, 2023
November 17th
November 16th
November 15th
November 14th

Correct Answer :   November 16th

National Press Day is observed on November 16, every year, in India to celebrate the importance of a free and responsible press in a democratic society.

The day is celebrated to commemorate the establishment of the Press Council of India, which acts as a regulatory body for the news media in the country.

The observance of the day is a reminder of the importance of a free and independent press in a vibrant democracy like India. Various events are organised across the country on this day to highlight the challenges faced by the media and the need for ethical journalism. On this occasion, journalists and media professionals are also honoured by various organisations for their exemplary work, highlighting the crucial role they play in promoting transparency, democracy, and social justice.

National Press Day 2023 Theme :

The theme for National Press Day 2023 celebrations has not been declared yet. However, the Press Council of India releases a specific theme every year that focuses on the importance of a free and independent Press in India.

National Press Day History and Significance :

* National Press Day is observed to commemorate the establishment of the Press Council of India (PCI) in 1966. The day holds immense historical and cultural value as it highlights the crucial role played by the press in a democratic society.

* The Press Council of India is a statutory body which was established to ensure the freedom of the press and to maintain and improve the standards of journalism. The quasi-judicial body was re-established in the year 1979 under the Press Council Act, 1978.

* The day is an occasion to celebrate the importance of a free and responsible press in a democratic nation. It emphasises the need for ethical journalism that upholds truth, accuracy, and fairness. The significance of the day is primarily focused on promoting and protecting the freedom of the press, which is the backbone of democracy.

* On this day, various events and activities are organised across the country to discuss and promote the importance of a free and unbiased press.

* In essence, National Press Day serves as a platform to celebrate the achievements of the press while also addressing the challenges it faces. It underscores the need for responsible journalism and the role of the press in safeguarding the democratic values of a nation..

Source : CNBC

Published On : November 16, 2023

Correct Answer :   Third

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Wednesday (15th Nov 2023) said India is expected to overtake Japan and Germany to emerge as the third largest economy in the world by 2027.

Addressing the Indo-Pacific Regional Dialogue here, Ms Sitharaman said India's economic growth is estimated to be just under 7 per cent during the year, the highest among major economies, despite global headwinds.

The Indian economy is therefore on the right track and is heading towards a bright future, she said.

Amidst supply-chain disruptions and economic turbulence due to contemporary conflicts that impact the Indo-Pacific, irrespective of whether they are occurring in relatively distant Ukraine or in relatively-proximate Israel or Yemen, and despite the palpable tensions prevalent in the South- and East China Sea, the Indian economy stands out as a bright spot, she said.

"Even according to the usually conservative estimates of the IMF, the Indian economy is set to emerge as the world's third largest economy by 2027, hopping over Japan and Germany, as its GDP crosses the USD 5 trillion level. By 2047, India aspires to be a developed economy," she said.

Talking about India's 'Blue economy', she said, it accounts for roughly 4 per cent of the GDP and represents a sea of opportunities.

India has 9 states and 4 Union Territories situated on the coast, 12 major and 200+ non-major ports situated along its coastline, and a vast network of navigable waterways for international and domestic trade, she said.

According to the UNCTAD, India was the 2nd largest exporter of ocean-based goods and services among developing countries in 2020.

Observing that Indo-Pacific is undoubtedly the world's most economically dynamic region, Ms Sitharaman said it encompasses 60 per cent of global GDP, and almost 50 per cent of global merchandise trade..

Source : NDTV

Published On : November 16, 2023

Correct Answer :   Faridabad

The 9th edition of the India International Science Festival (IISF) 2023 will be held at Faridabad, Haryana from January 17th-20th, 2024.

India’s mega Science Fair will be held at the Campus of Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI) and Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB) of Department of Biotechnology in Faridabad.

The theme of the present edition is 'Science and Technology Public Outreach in Amrit Kaal'. IISF 2023 aims to provide a platform for inspiring public at large and individuals with diverse levels of interests like students, educators, scientists, researchers, industry professionals, entrepreneurs and science communicators.

IISF 2023 will have a total of 17 themes to showcase scientific achievements offering diverse benefits to participants and the general public.

The event holds interface among all stakeholders through various activities such as seminars by national and international experts, interactions with speakers, exhibitions, competitions, workshops, knowledge-sharing activities, technology shows, etc.

The IISF is dedicated towards fostering creativity in Science, Technology and Innovation for the advancement of prosperous India. This event was initiated under the visionary leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi through collaborative efforts of the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati.

Since 2015, the IISF has hosted eight editions in different geographical regions of India and expanded as a mega science festival. In 2021, the Department of Space and the Department of Atomic Energy became an integral part of IISF..

Source : PIB

Published On : November 16, 2023
NTPC Limited
Vedanta Limited
Gas Authority of India Limited
Larsen & Toubro Limited

Correct Answer :   Gas Authority of India Limited

Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), the country’s leading gas firm, has successfully executed the world’s first ship-to-ship liquefied natural gas (LNG) transfer.

This innovative approach aims to reduce shipping costs and cut emissions significantly, marking a pivotal moment for GAIL as it explores unconventional methods to enhance its business operations.

GAIL’s LNG Contracts and Conventional Shipping Process :

* GAIL has secured contracts for 5.8 million tonnes per annum of LNG from the United States.
* Traditionally, this volume is transported to India via LNG ships, covering a vast distance of approximately 19,554 nautical miles for a round trip.
* The journey, which includes transiting through the Suez Canal and Gibraltar, takes around 54 days and emits about 15,600 tonnes of CO2.

The Challenge of Emissions in LNG Shipping :

* Emissions in LNG shipping are typically managed through advanced technology or altering the cargo’s destination.
* GAIL, however, has taken a novel contractual approach, optimizing the vessels’ paths to achieve a substantial reduction in CO2 emissions.

GAIL’s Innovative Ship-to-Ship Transfer :

* In a recent operation, GAIL’s hired vessel, Castillo De Santisteban, performed a ship-to-ship (STS) transfer mid-way through its journey.
* The LNG cargo was transferred to another chartered vessel, Al Gharrafa of QatarGas, making this the world’s first STS transfer.
* The QatarGas vessel then proceeded to Dahej in Gujarat to discharge the cargo originally planned for GAIL’s vessel, subsequently returning from Gibraltar to the next loading port.

Significant Environmental and Economic Benefits :

* This innovative maneuver resulted in a remarkable savings of about 8,736 nautical miles, equivalent to 7,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions.
* Additionally, it reduced the voyage duration for GAIL’s chartered vessel from 54 days to approximately 27 days.
* The optimized gain for GAIL in this charter exceeded USD 1 million, marking a win-win situation for both GAIL and QatarGas.

Scaling Up the Concept :

* GAIL officials suggest that the proof of concept demonstrated in this operation has the potential to be scaled up across the entire LNG shipping industry.
* By implementing unique contractual arrangements, owners and charterers could significantly reduce shipping distances, leading to substantial carbon emission savings.

Implications for the LNG Shipping Industry :

* Scaling up this concept could result in distance savings of 2,09,664 nautical miles per year with a corresponding emission saving of 1,67,731 tons of CO2.
* Moreover, it could contribute to a significant increase in vessel utilization.
* This innovation aligns with GAIL’s commitment to sustainability and could pave the way for transformative changes in the LNG shipping industry.

Recognition and Awards :

* GAIL’s commitment to innovation, coupled with its recent achievements, has earned the company the ‘Innovation Award – India and Midstream Project of the Year‘ at the Asian Oil and Gas Awards.
* This recognition highlights GAIL’s leadership in adopting pioneering solutions to address environmental and economic challenges in the oil and gas sector.

Floating CNG Station and Further Initiatives :

* In addition to the STS transfer, GAIL has made strides in environmental initiatives, including the installation of the first floating Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) station.
* This station, situated in the Ganges in Varanasi, serves as a refueling point for boats running on eco-friendly fuel.
* The CNG dispensing infrastructure manages variable water levels and has resulted in the conversion of diesel and petrol engines to CNG-propelled engines..

Source : India Times

Published On : November 16, 2023
David Cameron
Liz Truss
Zakir Ahmed
James Cleverly

Correct Answer :   David Cameron

British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, in a wider cabinet reshuffle, sacked Secretary of State for Home Department Suella Braverman on Monday (13 November 2023).

The development came after the minister’s recent incendiary comments about the policing of pro-Palestinian protests in the UK.

Current Foreign Secretary James Cleverly will replace Braverman as the interior minister. But significantly, Britain’s former Prime Minister "David Cameron" has been made foreign minister – marking his return to politics.

In a post on X confirming the appointment, Cameron wrote, “While I have been out of front-line politics for the last seven years, I hope that my experience – as Conservative Leader for eleven years and Prime Minister for six – will assist me in helping the Prime Minister to meet… vital challenges.”

Who is David Cameron?

* Cameron is a former UK Prime Minister (between 2010 to 2016) and a senior Conservative party leader. Like many prominent UK politicians, he studied at the elite Eton College before graduating from Oxford University.

* He was given the mandate to change and modernise the Conservative Party and was elected its leader in December 2005, following the party’s weak electoral performance. The party did bounce back, and in 2010 it formed a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats and came to power. Cameron became Prime Minister, making him the youngest UK PM in 198 years at the age of 43.

* Under Cameron, the Conservatives won two general elections – in 2010 and 2015. But following the Brexit vote of 2016, he resigned from the post and was succeeded by Theresa May as PM..

Source : Indian Express

Published On : November 15, 2023

Correct Answer :   1,037

The “One Station One Product” initiative by the Indian Railways, which provides uniquely designed sale outlets for locals to sell indigenous products, is now operational at 1,037 stations nationwide.

The scheme, designed by the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad, provides distinctive outlets that give high visibility to indigenous products, benefiting local craftsmen. A senior railway official noted that the scheme is gaining momentum, and more stations are expected to have these outlets soon.

‘One Station One Product’ scheme – Tamil Nadu leads :

* Launched on May 20 last year after a successful 15-day pilot project, the scheme has gained popularity among local artisans and workers. As of November 9 this year, 1,134 outlets are operational at 1,037 stations across 27 states. Tamil Nadu leads with 146 outlets at 137 stations, followed by West Bengal with a similar number at 123 stations, and Uttar Pradesh in third place with 112 outlets at 105 stations.

* Up to November 9, 39,847 direct beneficiaries have availed opportunities under this scheme. Considering five indirect beneficiaries for each allotment, the total beneficiaries amount to 1,43,232. The scheme has recorded total sales of Rs 49.58 crore.

OSOP scheme aims to enhance livelihoods :

* The OSOP scheme, announced in the Union Budget 2022-23, aims to enhance livelihoods through skill development for local artisans, weavers, and craftsmen. Sale outlets are provided at stations nationwide, allotted through a tendering process.

Indian Railways spreads the scheme :

* The policy emphasises reaching the scheme’s benefits to the target groups and providing opportunities to all applicants. To achieve this, the Indian Railways has adopted various public outreach measures, including advertising in newspapers, social media, public announcements, press notifications, and personal visits to artisans.

* Products sold at these outlets are indigenous to the respective areas and include artefacts, handicrafts, textiles, handlooms, toys, leather products, traditional appliances/instruments, garments, gems and jewellery, and locally made or grown processed and semi-processed food products..

Source : Financial Express

Published On : November 15, 2023
West Bengal

Correct Answer :   Jharkhand

Jharkhand is the 28th state of India. It was formed on November 15, 2000 after a long-standing tribal movement for statehood. Jharkhand was earlier a part of Bihar, more precisely it was then South Bihar.

15th November is the birth anniversary of tribal leader Birsa Munda who was a part of the tribal movement against the British in the 1870s.

He was arrested by the British when he got highly involved in the movement and died in a Ranchi jail at the young age of 25 in 1900. President Droupadi Murmu is scheduled to take part in the state’s foundation day celebrations this year at Morhabadi ground and also will visit the birthplace of Munda in Ulihatu village in Khunti district.

Jharkhand Foundation Day History, Significance :

* In 2000 a campaign was led by the BJP for a separate state from Bihar state which led to the passage of the Bihar Reorganization Act with the creation of Jharkhand as a new Indian state. It was formed on November 15th. Jharkhand Foundation Day 2023 coincides with the birth anniversary of tribal leader Birsa Munda, also known as Bhagwan Birsa.

* Jharkhand state is rich in minerals like coal, iron ore, copper ore, uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite, and dolomite. Agriculture is the main source of income for 80% population in Jharkhand. Rice is an important cultivation in Jharkhand. Chau is the most famous dance form of Jharkhand.

* On Jharkhand Foundation Day celebrations take place all over the state for their separation from Bihar and declaration as a separate State. Chau dance the famous dance form of the state is performed by the tribals on the occasion of Jharkhand  Foundation Day 2023.

* The Central University of Jharkhand also celebrates Jharkhand foundation day 2023. Quiz programs, Essay writing competitions, and story writing are conducted on the auspicious occasion at various institutions. It is one of the important State holidays..

Source : The Quint

Published On : November 15, 2023

Correct Answer :   Russia

Russia has signed a contract to supply Igla-S hand-held anti-aircraft missiles to India and allow production of the Igla there under licence, the Russian state news agency TASS quoted a top arms export official as saying on Tuesday.

The Igla-S is a man-portable air defence system (MANPADS) that can be fired by an individual or crew to bring down an enemy aircraft.

“We have already signed the corresponding document and now, together with an Indian private company, we are organising the production of Igla-S MANPADS in India,” TASS quoted Alexander Mikheyev, head of the state arms exporter Rosoboronexport, as saying.

India is the world’s largest arms importer and Russia remains its largest supplier despite the damage to the reputation of its army and weaponry from the war in Ukraine, where Russia has suffered numerous setbacks at the hands of a smaller but highly motivated and Western-equipped military.

According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Russia accounted for 45% of India’s arms imports between 2018 and 2022, with France providing 29% and the United States 11%.

Another Russian state news agency, RIA, quoted Mikheyev earlier as saying that “Rosoboronexport is working with Indian private and public enterprises to organise joint production of aviation weapons and integrate them into the existing aviation fleet in India”.

No details were provided about which Indian companies would be involved or when potential production would start.

Mikheyev said Rosoboronexport and Indian partners had provided the Indian Ministry of Defence with Su-30MKI fighter jets, tanks, armoured vehicles and shells.

At the beginning of the year, India and Russia also started joint production of AK-203 Kalashnikov assault rifles..

Source : The Hindu Businessline

Published On : November 15, 2023
Rani Rampal
Ishita Malaviya
Shital Mahajan
Smriti Mandhana

Correct Answer :   Shital Mahajan

* Indian skydiver Shital Mahajan jumped off a helicopter from the height of 21,500 ft in front of the world's highest peak, Mt Everest.

* She became the first woman to do so.

* Mahajan landed at Kalapatthar peak at an altitude 17,444ft.

* Mahajan is a well-known Indian skydiver who holds several skydiving records and is the recipient of the fourth highest civilian award, the Padma Shri in 2001..

Source : AIR

Published On : November 15, 2023