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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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Correct Answer :   9

* Apart from the member countries, non-G20 countries are also invited to the G20 summit every year.

* This time India has invited 9 non-G20 countries under its chairmanship which include Bangladesh, Egypt, UAE, Netherlands, Mauritius, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore and Spain.

* The theme of India's G20 presidency is in line with the key template of PM Modi's foreign policy - "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam" or "One Earth, One Family, One Future".

* The 20 summit will be held in New Delhi on 9 and 10 September 2023. 

Published On : September 7, 2023

Correct Answer :   Sanchi

In Madhya Pradesh, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan inaugurated the country's first solar city Sanchi on 6th Sep 2023. On this occasion, he said that Sanchi would soon become a net zero city.

Mr. Chouhan said that as per the wish of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, we have inaugurated the first Solar City in Madhya Pradesh.

The Chief Minister called upon the people to plant trees and make maximum use of renewable energy. He also announced the start of an irrigation system with solar pumps for the farmers.

Roof-top solar panels have been installed in all institutions like railway stations, schools, government offices, street lights, and post offices in Sanchi. Solar study lamps are also being used in homes in the city.

Annually about 13 thousand 747 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced in Sanchi Solar City, which is equivalent to more than two lakh adult trees. Along with this, there will be a saving of more than seven crore rupees annually in the energy-related expenditure of the government and the citizens..

Source : AIR

Published On : September 6, 2023
Amit Jatia
Vivek Sankaran
Arvind Krishna
Rajesh Nambiar

Correct Answer :   Rajesh Nambiar

Indian IT and tech trade body Nasscom announced the appointment of Rajesh Nambiar, Chairman and Managing Director, Cognizant India, as its new Chairperson. Nambiar is succeeding Anant Maheshwari, former President, Microsoft India as the new Chairperson of the trade body.

Nambiar takes on the new role from his previous role as Vice Chairperson succeeding Anant Maheshwari, Former President, of Microsoft India. Nambiar along with President Debjani Ghosh, will continue to work with the nasscom Executive Council, industry, and the government in strengthening India’s position as a global technology hub while navigating the current volatile macro environment.

About the NASSCOM

The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is the apex body for the Indian technology industry. It is a non-profit organization that was founded in 1988. NASSCOM’s membership comprises over 3000 companies, including both Indian and multinational organizations that have a presence in India. The membership spans across the entire spectrum of the industry from start ups to multinationals and from products to services, Global Service Centers to Engineering firms.

NASSCOM’s mission is to build the architecture integral to the development of the technology sector through policy advocacy, and help in setting up the strategic direction for the sector to unleash its potential and dominate newer frontiers..

Source : Business Today

Published On : September 6, 2023
Ashwini Vaishnaw
Dharmendra Pradhan
Piyush Goyal
Mansukh L. Mandaviya

Correct Answer :   Dharmendra Pradhan

Union Ministry of Education "Dharmendra Pradhan" signed an agreement with global software major Adobe to help children develop creative expression in classrooms using the application Adobe Express.

Training and certification in creativity and digital literacy will be provided to about 20 million students and 5,00,000 teachers by 2027 using Adobe Express-based curriculum. The partnership was signed here on Tuesday (5th Sep 2023).

Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said in the time of digitisation, new ideas, new innovation and creativity, the partnership will create a new standard and benchmark for students. He congratulated the education ecosystem for having a collaborative MoU with an important multinational and global company.

Adobe’s vice president and MD Prativa Mohapatra said Adobe’s creativity and digital skilling programs have touched the lives of millions of students across India. “With ground-breaking generative AI at the core of Express, we’re excited to empower India’s classrooms with the latest technology to revolutionise how students and educators can use creativity to turn ideas into stunning content,” Ms. Mohapatra said.

Under the programme, Adobe will provide schools across the country with free access to Adobe Express Premium and the professional development of educators.

“Curriculum, training and certification based on Adobe Express tools and capabilities will be rolled out to empower students and educators with topics covering creativity, generative AI, design, animation, video and other emerging technologies,” a release said. Students and teachers will be able to use Express, which according to Adobe, is an easy content creation application with generative AI capabilities.

5,00,000 Educators in schools and higher education institutions will be up-skilled to use Express for creating digital learning content for classrooms and enabling creative skills among students. Educators will receive Adobe Creative Educators certification upon completion of training,” the release added..

Source : The Hindu

Published On : September 6, 2023

Correct Answer :   BEL

Bharat Electronics Limited & Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) sign MoU to tap opportunities in Short Range Air Defence Systems’ domain Navratna Defence PSU Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), Israel’s leading aerospace and defence company, have inked an MoU for co-operation in addressing India’s requirements in the domain of Short Range Air Defence Systems.

The MoU was signed by Mr K V Suresh Kumar, Director (Marketing), BEL, and Mr Avi Elisha, VP and General Manager, Missile Systems Division, IAI, in the presence of Mr Bhanu Prakash Srivastava, CMD, BEL, in Bengaluru on 1s September 2023.  

The partnership marks yet another significant step towards cementing the synergy between the two companies which have a long history of association. BEL and IAI are engaged in several joint development/production/product support programmes for the Indian Defence forces.

Aim : The MoU aims at leveraging IAI and BEL’s capabilities and is in sync with the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ and ‘Make in India’ policies of the Government of India.

Mr Bhanu Prakash Srivastava, CMD, BEL, said : “BEL considers IAI, Israel, as a key strategic partner. This MoU is envisaged to boost the cooperation between the two companies in the field of Short Range Air Defence Systems. It will empower the Indian industry to make significant contributions towards equipping our forces with state-of-the-art Short Range Air Defence Systems.”

Mr Boaz Levy, IAI's President and CEO, said : “BEL and IAI have a successful partnership in the field of Air Defence in India.

Together, we are providing the Indian Armed Forces with high-end Air Defence capabilities that meet their high-end operational requirements on one hand and ‘Make in India’ requirements on the other. Hence, it is only natural that we expand this cooperation to the Short Range Air Defence domain.”,

Source : PSU Connect

Published On : September 6, 2023
Bharti Airtel

Correct Answer :   Paytm

Paytm has unveiled the Paytm Card Soundbox, a device that allows merchants to accept both mobile and card payments, including Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and RuPay, through its Soundbox.

This new product will assist merchants in scaling their businesses by offering a "tap and pay" solution via credit and debit cards.

The new in-store payments option also provides audio-based confirmations using Paytm Soundbox. After the successful launch of Paytm Pocket Soundbox and Paytm Music Soundbox, the introduction of Paytm Card Soundbox enhances convenience for merchants.

According to Paytm, the Card Soundbox addresses two critical issues for merchants: accepting card payments and receiving instant audio alerts for all transactions. This device combines the efficacy of a POS unit, UPI QR code card, and even a soundbox confirming the transaction. The combination of Soundbox technology with NFC or contactless debit and credit card payments aims to be the single-point payment method. The device also offers both audio and visual payment confirmations through an LCD display.

Key Features :

* Built-in "tap and pay" functionality for card payments up to ₹5,000.
* Powered by 4G network connectivity for fast payment alerts.
* Features a 4W speaker for clear payment alerts.
* Long battery life of up to five days.
* Offers alerts in 11 languages, customizable by the merchant through the Paytm for Business app.
* NFC-enabled smartphone users can make payments using the tap feature.

Vijay Shekhar Sharma, Founder & CEO of Paytm, emphasized the company's commitment to solving payment and financial services challenges for India's small businesses. He stated that Paytm Card Soundbox bridges the gap between mobile and card payments, offering a simple and efficient solution for merchants..

Source : Business Today

Published On : September 6, 2023
Taneti Maamau
Kausea Natano
Sato Kilman

Correct Answer :   Sato Kilman

Vanuatu’s parliament elected "Sato Kilman" as the nation’s new prime minister on Monday (4th Sep 2023) after a court upheld a vote of no-confidence in the nation’s former leader and amid China-US rivalry in Pacific Islands.

Kilman, a former prime minister and leader of the People’s Progressive Party, was elected prime minister by 27 of 50 lawmakers in a secret ballot.
Vanuatu was plunged into political crisis last month when opposition parties lodged a no-confidence petition criticising then leader Ishmael Kalsakau for actions including signing a security pact with Australia.

Opposition lawmakers said the security pact with Australia compromised Vanuatu’s “neutral” status and could jeopardise development help from China, its biggest external creditor.

A Vanuatu court on Monday (4th Sep 2023) dismissed an appeal against a ruling that the no-confidence motion had been won by the opposition parties.
Vanuatu has been at the centre of a strategic rivalry between China and Western countries in the region. The United States and its allies are seeking to dissuade Pacific Islands nations from establishing security ties with China, after it signed a security pact with the Solomon Islands.

A police commissioner before entering politics, Kilman served as deputy prime minister in Kalsakau’s government until May, when he was removed from cabinet.

He has previously served two stints as prime minister, in 2012 and in 2015 for eight months.

As prime minister, Kilman expelled 12 Australian Federal Police from Vanuatu in 2012, after he was stopped while transiting through an Australian airport and his adviser was arrested by Australian police on tax fraud charges...

Source : Scmp

Published On : September 6, 2023
Pine Labs

Correct Answer :   Hitachi

Hitachi Payment Services, a subsidiary of Japan-based Hitachi Ltd, on Tuesday (5th Sep 2023) announced the launch of India's first-ever UPI-ATM as a White Label ATM (WLA) named Hitachi Money Spot UPI ATM, with the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).

In the announcement, the company said the ATM will offer cardless cash withdrawals, eliminating the need for physical cards. A UPI-ATM allows users to withdraw cash from multiple accounts using the United Payments Interface (UPI) app. WLAs are operated by non-banking entities.

 The company said it will drive financial inclusion by facilitating easy access to banking services in areas where traditional banking infrastructure and card penetration is limited.

In the announcement, NPCI, said, "We are delighted to empower customers with this innovative and customer-friendly enhancement for ATM transactions. The launch of the UPI ATM will mark a significant milestone in banking services by seamlessly integrating the convenience and security of UPI into traditional ATMs. This innovative concept is designed to provide quick access to cash even in the remote areas of India without the need for a physical card."

Notably, Hitachi Payment Services is the only White Label ATM operator to offer a cash deposit facility. It offers the facility across 3,000 locations in India.

"This novel offering empowers any bank customer to experience the convenience of QR-based UPI cash withdrawals. UPI has been the fastest growing payment mode in the country and accounts for more than 50 per cent of digital transaction volumes," said Sumil Vikamsey, managing director and chief executive officer (Cash Business) at Hitachi Payment Services.

Hitachi has over 65,500 ATMs (including 27,500 cash recycling machines) and 9,500 WLAs under management. In addition, it caters to over 3 million merchant touchpoints and processes over 7 million digital transactions daily..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : September 6, 2023

Correct Answer :   Indonesia

Indonesia has granted its first golden visa to Sam Altman, the CEO of OpenAI, a pioneering firm in artificial intelligence. The Indonesian immigration authority issued a 10-year visa to Altman, acknowledging his global renown and potential contributions to the nation.

Indonesia's Immigration Director General has said that Altman "has an international reputation and may bring benefits to Indonesia", Bloomberg reported. He believes the visa will serve as an incentive for high-profile foreign investors. Alongside the extended visa period, Altman is set to benefit from priority security screening at airports and streamlined entry and exit procedures.

The golden visa programme was launched just a week ago as a strategic move to bolster economic growth in Indonesia. Under the scheme, foreign nationals willing to make significant financial commitments to the country are permitted to stay for a period ranging from five to 10 years.

For instance, a five-year residency is guaranteed to anyone investing $350,000 in local public enterprises, savings accounts or government securities.

Although Altman's investment plans in Indonesia are not yet public knowledge, his recent visit to Jakarta to deliver a speech on the future of artificial intelligence hints at his keen interest in the nation's technological landscape. The visa could potentially pave the way for collaborations that boost Indonesia's standing in the world of AI and technology..

Source : Mint

Published On : September 6, 2023
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6 September 2023

Correct Answer :   3 September 2023

Former Indian umpire Piloo Reporter, a pioneer who was among the first neutral umpires to officiate in Test cricket, passed away (3 September 2023) in Mumbai at the age of 84, leaving behind a remarkable legacy.

Piloo Reporter had been battling Cerebral Contusion disease, and he was under the loving care of his wife and two daughters during his illness.

An Illustrious Umpiring Career :

Reporter's illustrious umpiring career spanned 28 years, during which he presided over 14 Tests and 22 one-day internationals. Notably, he officiated in the 1992 World Cup held in Australia and New Zealand.

In addition to international matches, Reporter also had a role in 13 first-class matches, where he served as a match referee in two instances.

Piloo Reporter embarked on his umpiring journey with the Delhi Test between India and England in December 1984. His remarkable career culminated with his last appearance in the Mumbai Test between the same teams in February 1993.

In the realm of One-Day Internationals (ODIs), Reporter's journey began with the India-Australia clash in Delhi in September 1984. He concluded his ODI umpiring career in Rajkot, presiding over the match between India and Sri Lanka in February 1994.

Born : 24 September 1938, Mumbai

Died : 3 September 2023, Mumbai.

Source : Free Press Journal

Published On : September 6, 2023