Correct Answer : Option (C) - April 04
Every year, International Day of Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action is observed on April 04. It is observed for the establishment and development of people affected by the harmful effects of explosive mine action across the world. As these mines and explosive elements cause serious threats to the lives, safety, and health of the civilian population.
This is impacting the social and economic levels of these people at national and local levels. Therefore, for 20 years, the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) has been focusing on the needs of the people affected by explosive hazards. This will help the lives of civilians on the grounds of a humanitarian basis.
HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR MINE AWARENESS 2022 : The day has a history since the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention opened for signature in 1997 in 164 countries.
According to the inter-agency policy, the United Nations Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Mine Action (IACG-MA) has 12 departments, agencies, funds, and programs that monitor the system-wide coherence of mining and its related activities.
The IACG-MA has come up with the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research and the World Bank for this purpose.
Finally, in 2018, the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) convened, coordinated, and drafted the UNMAS strategy for 2019 to 2023.
THEME FOR INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR MINE AWARENESS 2022 : The theme for this year is marked by the United Nations Mine Action Service theme 'Safe Ground, Safe Steps, Safe Home'.
The term 'Safe Ground'
was established in the global campaign 'turning minefields into playing fields'
launched in 2019
by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.Source : India Today