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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

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A)
April 15
B)
April 16
C)
April 17
D)
April 18

Correct Answer :   April 18


World Heritage Day is celebrated on April 18. It is marked to raise awareness about the importance of cultural heritage and the need to preserve it for future generations.

The day was established by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and was approved by the UNESCO General Conference in 1983.

World Heritage Day 2023 Theme : Every year, ICOMOS suggests a subject for its members, partners, and anyone interested in commemorating World Heritage Day to organize activities around. The theme for this year 2023 is "Heritage Changes".

The official website stated, “In keeping with the spirit of open, innovative, constructive intergenerational dialogue, and the strategic focus of ICOMOS Triennial Scientific Plan 2021-2024, as well as the 2020 ICOMOS resolution on Approaches to Cultural Heritage. the IDMS 2023 features the following theme: HERITAGE CHANGES.


World Heritage Day History : Before the late 19th century, the protection of historic buildings was solely a national concern, and laws related to this matter in Europe were established during this time. Although various associations existed in each country, they were limited to national boundaries.

Cultural internationalism, as we know it today, emerged after the First World War, with the establishment of the League of Nations, and particularly after the Second World War, with the creation of the United Nations and UNESCO.

The Athens Conference, which was held in 1931 and organized by the International Museums Office, along with the Athens Charter, drafted by Le Corbusier during the fourth Assembly of the International Congresses on Modern Architecture in 1933, and later published anonymously in Paris in 1941, are major stepping stones in the development of ideas.

ICOMOS marks the “International Day for Monuments and Sites" annually on April 18, which was officially recognized by the 22nd UNESCO General Conference in 1983.

World Heritage Day Significance : The aim of this day is to increase awareness of the value of cultural assets, the vulnerability of sites and monuments, and the measures necessary to protect and conserve them. The event highlights culture’s significance while acknowledging the numerous obstacles to achieving this goal. It encourages us to honor and appreciate the diverse cultural expressions around the world. It also seeks to promote the preservation of these cultural expressions.

Finally, World Heritage Day is observed to stay in touch with our cultural heritage and its traditions which have always reflected and shaped values, beliefs, and aspirations, and as such, define a people’s identity. Preserving our cultural history is crucial in maintaining our cultural identity as a people...

Source : News18

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
Uttar Pradesh
B)
Himachal Pradesh
C)
Madhya Pradesh
D)
Maharashtra

Correct Answer :   Himachal Pradesh


Himachal Pradesh has become the "first state" to create a DNA database of unidentified bodies, an official said Monday (17th April 2023).

* The process was started in April last year (2022) and so far records of 150 DNA samples of unidentified bodies have been stored in the database, he said.

* The database would help in identification of bodies which would turn out to be a big relief for the families searching for their loved ones and running from pillar to post with photographs and other details, Assistant Director (DNA), Directorate of Forensics Services, Junga, Vivek Sahajpal told PTI.

* The DNA samples of the relatives would be matched with the data/samples stored in DNA profiling database and accurate details would be available within seconds, he said, adding that besides identification of bodies, the DNA database would go a long way in criminal investigation of heinous crimes, identification of disaster victims, missing persons and repeated offenders.

* According to the police record, more than 100 bodies are recovered in different parts of the state every year which remain unidentified for lack of documents or identifiable articles found with them.

* The identification of bodies would not only help the family members in performing the last rites of the deceased but would also help in nabbing the criminal in cases where crime led to death, officials...

Source : Business Standard

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
Giriraj Singh
B)
Nityanand Rai
C)
Jyotiraditya Scindia
D)
Piyush Goyal

Correct Answer :   Giriraj Singh


Rural Development Minister "Giriraj Singh" 18 April 2023 launched ‘Sangathan Se Samriddhi’ campaign. It will empower marginalized rural households by bringing all eligible rural women into the fold of Self Help Groups (SHGs).

* Speaking on the occasion, the Minister said the government is targeting to bring 10 crore women under the purview of SHGs from the existing nine crore.
 
* Mr. Singh expressed happiness that the number of members, which was just 2.35 crore in May 2014, has now crossed nine crore. He stated that government has set a target that every woman associated with SHGs should be able to earn one lakh rupees per annum. He urged women to produce millets...

Source : AIR

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
Justice Ramesh Singh Talwar
B)
Justice Surya Prakash Kesarwani
C)
Justice Devendra Kumar Upadhyay
D)
Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan

Correct Answer :   Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan


Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan was on Tuesday (18th April 2023) appointed as the acting Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court as the incumbent acting Chief Justice demits office on April 19, 2023.

* Justice Sabina was appointed as the acting Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court in January.

* In February, the Supreme Court Collegium had recommended that she be appointed as the Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court.

* Apparently, her appointment has not come through as Justice Chauhan has been made acting Chief Justice of that high court.

* As per the provisions under the Constitution of India, Hon'ble President has appointed Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan, senior-most puisne Judge of Himachal Pradesh High Court as the acting Chief Justice of the same High Court with effect from April 20, 2023.

* Born in April 20, 1961, Justice Sabina demits office on Wednesday evening on attaining the age of 62.

* While Supreme Court judges retire at the age of 65, HC judges retire at 62.

* Justice Sabina was in news recently with her daughter Kalyani Singh being as an accused in the murder of national-level shooter and lawyer Sukhmanpreet Singh in Chandigarh in September 2015. .

Source : The Hindu

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
Nitin Gadkari
B)
Raj Kumar Singh
C)
Jitendra Singh
D)
Mansukh L. Mandaviya

Correct Answer :   Jitendra Singh


Science and Technology Minister "Dr. Jitendra Singh" 17th April 2023 launched - YUVA PORTAL in New Delhi, which will help in connecting and identifying potential young Start-Ups. Dr Singh also launched the One Week - One Lab programme.
 
* Speaking on the occasion, he underlined that unless the stakeholders' participation is broad-based, particularly in the Industry, the StartUps may not remain sustainable for want of proper industry mapping and the right aptitude.

* Highlighting India's global excellence in technology, innovation and Start-Ups, Dr Jitendra Singh said, each of the 37 CSIR Labs is dedicated to a different exclusive area of work.

* The Minister said, the One Week - One Lab programme will offer the opportunity to the CSIR labs to showcase the work being done by them so that others can avail of it...

Source : AIR

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
Delhi
B)
Bengaluru
C)
Pune
D)
Mumbai

Correct Answer :   Bengaluru


Bengaluru has topped the list of Indian cities in terms of highest digital transactions in the year 2022, a report by French payment and transactional services firm has stated.

* The city recorded 29 million transaction worth ₹6500 crore in 2022.

* Second on the list is Delhi which amounted 19.6 million transaction worth ₹5000 crore followed by Mumbai with 18.7 million transactions worth ₹4950 crore.

* On number 4 is Pune with 15 million digital transactions worth ₹3280 crore and Chennai with 14.3 million transactions worth ₹3,550 crore, the report has stated.

* In the report titled ‘India Digital Payments Annual Report,’ payment modes like UPI, Debit and Credit cards, Prepaid Payment Instruments – Mobile and Prepaid cards processed 87.92 billion transactions worth ₹149.5 trillion.

* As per the report, UPI clocked over 74.05 billion transactions in volume and ₹126 trillion in terms of value. Its transactions volume and value almost doubled since last year as it recorded 91 percent increase in volume and over 76 percent increase in value in Year 2022 as compared to Year 2021..

Source : Mint

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
USD 320 Million
B)
USD 280 Million
C)
USD 230 Million
D)
USD 190 Million

Correct Answer :   USD 230 Million


The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will provide a loan of USD 230 million to Bangladesh to help the rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts in the northeastern part of the country affected by devastating floods in May–June 2022.

* The agreement between ADB and the government of Bangladesh was signed in Dhaka on Monday (17th April 2023).

* Record rainfall in northeastern Bangladesh in May–June 2022 caused massive flooding, especially in the low-lying Haor region, affecting 7.2 million people.

* The assistance under the Flood Reconstruction Emergency Assistance Project will help in the reconstruction, improvement of resilience, and economic recovery of northeastern districts of Brahmanbaria, Habiganj, Kishoreganj, Moulvibazar, Mymensingh, Netrokona, Sherpur, Sunamganj, and Sylhet.

* The project will address the climate change impacts by developing innovative climate-resilient infrastructure under the build-back-better principles in line with the government’s national adaptation plan, said ADB Country Director Edimon Ginting.

* The project will also help improve living conditions, livelihoods, and climate resilience in the flood-affected northeast region of Bangladesh by reducing flood risk, and improving climate-resilient irrigation infrastructure and water delivery services. The loan will also help in rehabilitating rural roads, rail track,s and river embankments.

* In partnership with reputable national and international research institutes, the project will support climate-smart agriculture technologies and livelihood support to the flood-affected people. The improvement in agriculture value chains will enhance food security, nutrition, employment, poverty reduction, and rural livelihoods, said the ADB.

* The project will also support water management through alternative wetting and drying technology, direct seeded rice, and the use of solar irrigation for climate adaptation and mitigation...

Source : AIR

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
Arjun Munda
B)
Raghubar Das
C)
Dharmendra Pradhan
D)
Narendra Singh Tomar

Correct Answer :   Arjun Munda


Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda launched (18th April 2023) Marketing and Logistics Development for Promotion of Tribal Products from North-Eastern Region (PTP-NER) scheme in Manipur.

* The scheme has been introduced for the benefit of Scheduled Tribes of the North-Eastern Region. It has the vision to strengthen livelihood opportunities for tribal artisans through increased efficiency in procurement, logistics and marketing of tribal products from North Eastern States.
 
* The scheme will apply to the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.

* As part of the scheme, it is planned to initiate empanelment of tribal artisans from North Eastern Region by organizing 68 Tribal Artisan Melas from 18 April 2023 onwards in various districts of the region..

Source : AIR

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
USA
B)
Russia
C)
Sri Lanka
D)
Bangladesh

Correct Answer :   Bangladesh


The High Commission of India opened its 16th Visa application centre in Kushtia town of Southwestern Bangladesh on Sunday (16th April 2023).

* The inauguration of the new Indian Visa Application Centre (IVAC) was done by High Commissioner Pranya Verma. Member of Parliament from Kushtia-3, Mahbubul Alam Hanif, was also present on the occasion.

* This IVAC will provide greater ease and convenience to the residents of Kushtia and its adjoining areas seeking visa services for visiting India.

* Speaking to the media after the inauguration of the new Centre, High Commissioner Pranay Verma underlined efforts being made to constantly improve visa facilities for the people of Bangladesh.

* He highlighted recent steps taken by the High Commission to facilitate smoother visa services for the citizens of Bangladesh. High Commissioner expressed hope that the new Centre will further strengthen the people-to-people contacts that bind the two countries and which are at the core of India-Bangladesh relations rooted in their shared sacrifices during the Liberation War of 1971.

* The new IVAC centre will serve as a new platform for promoting tourism, trade and people-to-people exchanges between India and Bangladesh. It reinforces our shared vision of a peaceful and prosperous region where our people can travel, collaborate and exchange ideas with ease and convenience, said the press release issued by the High Commission of India in Bangladesh.

* The Indian High Commission operates its largest visa operation centre in the world in Bangladesh. The highest number of foreign tourists to India come from Bangladesh including those who avail of the medical, tourist, business and student visa  facility. In the year 2019-20, more than 16 lakh visas were issued in Dhaka...

Source : AIR

Published On : April 18, 2023
A)
April 16th
B)
April 17th
C)
April 18th
D)
April 19th

Correct Answer :   April 17th


World Hemophilia Day is celebrated every year on April 17th to honor the birth anniversary of Frank Schnabel.

* World Hemophilia Day was initially celebrated in 1989 with the objective of advocating for improved diagnosis and accessible care for individuals with hemophilia.

History and Significance : World Hemophilia Day is observed on April 17 in commemoration of Frank Schnabel's birthday, the founder of the World Federation of Hemophilia.

* The World Federation encourages people worldwide to illuminate in red as a symbol of solidarity with those affected by haemophilia.

World Hemophilia Day Aim : The day aims to raise awareness among individuals and caregivers about haemophilia and other blood-related disorders.

World Hemophilia Day Theme 2023 : The theme for World Hemophilia Day in 2023 is "Access for All: Partnership. Policy. Progress. Engaging Government, Integrating Inherited Bleeding Disorders into National Policy."..

Source : Mint

Published On : April 17, 2023