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Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

Current Affairs is a very important part of the overall preparation strategy for various Competitive Entrance and Government Recruitment Exams. Free Time Learning offers Today Current Affairs provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs for UPSC, IAS/PCS, UPPSC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, SSC, CGL, Railway, APPSC, TSPSC, KPSC, TNPSC, TPSC, UPPSC, MPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, UKPSC, MPSC, and other competitive exams.

A)
World Bank
B)
Policy Commission
C)
World Health Organisation
D)
Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Correct Answer :   Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare


* Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Defence have signed MoU to set up dedicated Tele Manas Cell for Armed Forces.

* The special Tele Manas Cell will function as a dedicated mental health support helpline for all the armed forces of the country.

* There are total 51 Tele Manas cells functioning in all the States and Union Territories.

Published On : June 5, 2024
A)
June 5
B)
June 4
C)
June 3
D)
June 2

Correct Answer :   June 4


Every year, the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on June 4. This year (2024), it falls on a Tuesday.

History :

On August 19, 1982, the UN General Assembly’s special session focused on the plight that Palestinian and Lebanese children faced due to Israeli aggression during the Lebanon war. The assembly further pledged to protect the rights of the children in Lebanon. The UN General Assembly announced that every year, on June 4, International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression will be observed. Soon after, the United Nations expanded their scope to work for the rights of children all over the world.

Significance :

“Every day, children living in wars across the globe are facing unspeakable horrors. They are not safe sleeping in their homes or playing outside, learning in school or seeking medical care at hospitals. From killing and maiming, abduction and sexual violence, to attacks on education and health facilities, and the denial of humanitarian assistance that they desperately need, children are being caught in the crosshairs of warring parties at a staggering scale,” wrote the United Nations on their official website.

The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression serves as a reminder to the world about the plight of children affected by violence and aggression. It is a day to raise awareness, promote peace, and protect the rights of children worldwide, ensuring that they can grow up in a safe and nurturing environment.

Published On : June 4, 2024
A)
Missouri
B)
Michigan
C)
Minnesota
D)
Massachusetts

Correct Answer :   Michigan


Michigan, often referred to as “The Great Lakes State,” boasts a unique geographical advantage, with its shores touching four of the five Great Lakes. These are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie. The state’s nickname highlights its close connection with these vast bodies of freshwater, which play a critical role in its history, culture, and economy.

Which state of United States is Known as “The Great Lakes State”?

Michigan is known as “The Great Lakes State” due to its extensive shoreline along four of the five Great Lakes: Superior, Michigan, Huron, and Erie. Its geography is defined by water, with over 11,000 inland lakes complementing its Great Lakes coastline. This nickname underscores Michigan’s close association with these vast bodies of freshwater, which have played a vital role in its history, economy, and culture.

Michigan – A Land of Lakes :

Michigan is not only bordered by the Great Lakes but also dotted with more than 11,000 inland lakes. This abundance of water bodies means that in Michigan, one is never more than six miles from an inland lake or more than 85 miles from a Great Lake. This accessibility to water has made Michigan a prime location for water sports, fishing, and tourism.

The Great Lake State License Plates :

From 1969 to 1975 and again from 1977 to 1983, Michigan’s automobile license plates featured the legend “GREAT LAKE STATE.” This was a nod to the state’s extensive freshwater coastline and the significance of the Great Lakes to its identity and heritage.

The Wolverine State :

In addition to being known as “The Great Lakes State,” Michigan is also nicknamed “The Wolverine State.” This nickname is believed to have originated from a dispute in 1835 known as the Toledo War. This conflict was over a strip of land along the border between Ohio and Michigan, called the Toledo Strip. During this dispute, Ohioans reportedly described Michiganians as being as vicious and bloodthirsty as wolverines. Although no actual wolverines were involved, the nickname stuck and has become an enduring part of Michigan’s identity.

The Toledo War :

The Toledo War was a boundary dispute between the state of Ohio and the Michigan Territory. The conflict centered around the Toledo Strip, a piece of land that both regions claimed. While the “war” did not result in any significant violence, it did lead to heightened tensions and a few minor skirmishes. Ultimately, the dispute was resolved in 1836 when President Andrew Jackson intervened, granting the disputed land to Ohio. In exchange, Michigan was given statehood and a significant portion of the Upper Peninsula.

Michigan’s Natural Beauty and Heritage :

Michigan’s landscape is a testament to its rich natural heritage, shaped significantly by the Great Lakes and its numerous inland lakes. The state’s identity is intertwined with its waterways, offering residents and visitors alike a chance to connect with nature, enjoy recreational activities, and appreciate the natural beauty that defines Michigan. Whether known as “The Great Lakes State” or “The Wolverine State,” Michigan’s legacy is deeply embedded in its unique geography and historical narratives.

Published On : June 4, 2024
A)
Iraq
B)
Afghanistan
C)
Pakistan
D)
Bangladesh

Correct Answer :   Pakistan


Dr. Helen Mary Roberts, a Christian lady, became the first woman to be promoted to the rank of one-star officer in Pakistan’s 77-year military history. Her ascension coincides with increased attention being paid to atrocities against minorities in the nation with a majority of Muslims, particularly against Christians. In a historic move, the Pakistani Army elevated Dr. Helen Mary Roberts, a Christian woman, to the esteemed rank of Brigadier in the nation with a majority of Muslims.

Need for Rank of One star Officer in Pakistan :

The appointment of Roberts as a rank one-star officer in the Pakistan Army takes place at a time when the nation’s atrocities on minorities, particularly Christians, have come under scrutiny. A Muslim mob in Punjab’s Sargodha district attacked a Christian factory owner, vandalized his home, and set fire to many properties on the pretext of blasphemy, prompting incensed Christian citizens to take to the streets earlier. Robert’s ascent to an elite rank in the Army has been viewed by the Christian community as a ray of hope amidst these tensions.

About Dr. Helen Mary Roberts :

Dr. Helen Mar Roberts is a senior pathologist in the Pakistan Army Medical Corps, Brig. She has been serving in the Army for 26 years. The Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR),  the media and public relations wing of the Pakistan Armed Forces, was quoted as saying that the brigadier was “another living example of merit and national representation” in the Army.

The ISPR statement further said Dr. Roberts considers it an honour to serve her country and nation while emphasising that decisions within the Pakistan Army are made without regard to religious, linguistic, or gender discrimination.

Before Brigadier Robert’s promotion, Major-General Nigar Johar broke gender barriers in the male-dominated Pakistani Army by becoming the first female officer to be promoted to the rank of lieutenant general in 2020. The officer was also appointed as the first female surgeon general of the Army.

According to data released by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics in 2021, there are 96.47 per cent Muslims in the country, followed by 2.14 per cent Hindus, 1.27 per cent Christians, 0.09 per cent Ahmadi Muslims and 0.02 per cent others.

Published On : June 4, 2024
A)
Gurugram
B)
Noida
C)
Ghaziabad
D)
Jaipur

Correct Answer :   Gurugram


Zupee partners with Gurugram Cyber Police for the Cyber Warriors Program, training 1,100 interns in cyber security to promote responsible digital citizenship and combat cyber threats.

In a bid to bolster cyber security awareness, Zupee, India’s largest skill-based Ludo platform, has partnered with Gurugram Cyber Police for the 11th edition of the Cyber Security Summer Internship Program, titled ‘Cyber Warriors’. The month-long internship aims to train selected candidates in cyber security under the guidance of experts, fostering responsible digital citizenship and tackling real-world cyber threats.

Partnership Overview :

Zupee joins forces with Gurugram Cyber Police to lead the Cyber Warriors Program, emphasizing the importance of cyber safety in an increasingly digital world.

Internship Details :

15,000 applications were received, with 1,100 interns selected, including working professionals and college students, to undergo immersive cyber security training.

Key Participants :

Commissioner of Police, Gurugram, Vikas Kumar Arora, alongside other dignitaries, inaugurated the event, underlining the commitment to enhancing cyber crime detection and prevention.

Industry Insights :

Ashwani Rana, Chief of Policy at Zupee, highlights the significance of promoting a safe cyber environment to contribute to India’s digital economy growth.

Program Impact :

DCP-South Gurugram, Siddhant Jain, emphasizes the program’s growth from its inception with 22 interns to 1,100 bright minds today, reflecting the nation’s increasing focus on cyber security.

Expert Testimony :

Dr. Rakshit Tandon, Cyber Security Expert, underscores the program’s success in nurturing cyber security experts who now serve in key organizations, demonstrating its long-term impact.

Collective Efforts :

The collaboration between Zupee and Gurugram Cyber Police signifies a concerted effort to equip individuals with crucial cyber security skills, paving the way for a safer digital future.

Published On : June 4, 2024
A)
Clara Brugada
B)
Rocio Nahle García
C)
Beatriz Gutiérrez Müller
D)
Claudia Sheinbaum

Correct Answer :   Claudia Sheinbaum


Climate scientist and former mayor of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, has been elected as the first woman to be elected as President of Mexico. She will also be the first Jewish leader of Jewish heritage to hold the office, Politico reported.

Sheinbaum (61) received nearly 58 per cent of the vote, according to preliminary results from the Mexican electoral office.

Sheinbaum’s opposition candidate Xochitl Galvez, backed by a coalition of the National Action (PAN), Institutional Revolutionary (PRI) and Democratic Revolution (PRD) parties, has received votes between 26.6 per cent and 28.6 per cent.

Jorge Alvarez Maynez of the Citizens’ Movement has received votes between 9.9% and 10.8 per cent. According to the quick count results, participation in Mexico’s Presidential election was between 58.9 per cent and 61.7 per cent of nearly 100 million eligible voters, according to CNN report.

After expressing gratitude to the voters for their support, Sheinbaum called it a historical moment. Sheinbaum stated, “For the first time in 200 years of the Republic, I will become the first woman president of Mexico.” She said, “We have achieved a plural, diverse and democratic Mexico,” according to a Politico report.

She further said, “Although many Mexicans do not fully agree with our project, we will have to walk in peace and harmony to continue building a fair and more prosperous Mexico.”

Sheinbaum’s party, Morena, is expected to have a majority in the legislature, according to projections by the Mexican electoral office. Such a majority would enable her to make constitutional changes that have eluded Mexico’s incumbent President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, Politico reported.

She is a close confidant of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who was not allowed to run for office again after his six-year term. It was the biggest election day in Mexico, which has a population of around 130 million people.

Obrador congratulated Sheinbaum on her win, CNN reported. In a video posted on X, Obrador stated, “With all my affection and respect I congratulate Claudia Sheinbaum who came out victorious with an ample margin. She will be the first (female) President of Mexico… but also the President, possibly, with most votes obtained in all of the history of our country.”

In addition to the Presidential elections, over 20,000 political positions need to be filled, including all seats in the lower house and the Senate and regional and municipal offices, according to Politico report.

Thousands of soldiers were deployed in Mexico to facilitate a peaceful voting day. Despite the security arrangements, a town council candidate was shot to death hours before the election, the report said. One man was kidnapped while voting in a polling station in another town..

Source : DD News

Published On : June 4, 2024
A)
June 3
B)
June 2
C)
June 1
D)
May 31

Correct Answer :   June 3


Bicycles are one of the oldest and most essential means of transportation. Cycling is not only enjoyable but also a healthy and environmentally friendly mode of transport. Beyond its nostalgic charm, biking offers numerous practical benefits and contributes to environmental sustainability. To emphasise these advantages and encourage bicycle use, June 3 is celebrated as World Bicycle Day.

Aim : This day aims to promote physical activity through cycling.

The World Health Organization (WHO) underscores that cycling is an effective way to achieve recommended activity levels, making it an important practice for maintaining health and well-being.

World Bicycle Day 2024: History

World Bicycle Day was first marked on June 3, 2018, following a resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on April 12, 2018, during its 72nd Regular Session. The resolution was supported by all 193 member states, encouraging the inclusion of bicycles in regional, subnational and international development programs and policies.

The day aims to promote various benefits of cycling, including strengthening education, promoting tolerance, preventing diseases, encouraging physical exercise and facilitating social inclusion.

World Bicycle Day 2024: Significance

With growing concerns about the lack of physical activity, pollution, and its associated health hazards, bicycles have become a clean, affordable and environmentally friendly mode of transportation. World Bicycle Day promotes the use of bicycles to help achieve cleaner air and the conservation of nature, addressing both health and environmental issues effectively..

Source : News18

Published On : June 3, 2024
A)
Deoria
B)
Farrukhabad
C)
Hamirpur
D)
Mathura

Correct Answer :   Farrukhabad


Mughal Ghat is one of the significant ghats located on the banks of the Ganges River in Farrukhabad. It was constructed by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.

Uttar Pradesh is India’s fourth largest state by area, covering 240,928 square kilometers. It is also the most populous state and has the highest number of districts in the country. Each district in Uttar Pradesh has its unique characteristics and historical significance. One such notable district is Farrukhabad, which is home to the renowned Mughal Ghat.

An Overview of Uttar Pradesh :

Uttar Pradesh is known for its diverse culture and unique traditions. It is also home to several religious cities, attracting numerous domestic and international tourists annually. The state is divided into 75 districts, which are grouped into 18 administrative divisions. It also includes 822 community development blocks, 351 tehsils, and 17 municipal corporations.

Geographic Extremes of Uttar Pradesh :

* Easternmost district: Ballia
* Northernmost district: Saharanpur
* Westernmost district: Shamli
* Southernmost district: Sonbhadra

Largest and Smallest Districts of Uttar Pradesh :

* Largest district by area: Lakhimpur Kheri (7,680 sq km)
* Smallest district by area: Hapur (660 sq km)

District of Uttar Pradesh is Related to Mughal Ghat :

Mughal Ghat is located in the Farrukhabad district of Uttar Pradesh. This historic ghat, situated on the banks of the Ganges River, was constructed by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. It is renowned for its architectural significance and historical connection to the Mughal dynasty, serving as a major bathing site for Mughal queens and rulers.

Historical Significance of Mughal Ghat :

Mughal Ghat is one of the significant ghats located on the banks of the Ganges River in Farrukhabad. It was constructed by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. Historical accounts suggest that Aurangzeb was aware of the medicinal properties of the Ganges water, which led him to commission the construction of several ghats along the river.

Mughal Ghat served as a major bathing site for Mughal queens and rulers. It was not only a place for ritualistic bathing but also held importance due to its strategic location along the Ganges.

Why Mughal Ghat is Famous?

Mughal Ghat is renowned for its historical and architectural significance. It represents the Mughal era’s architectural style and Aurangzeb’s influence in the region. The ghat is also famous for its connection to the Mughal dynasty and the cultural practices associated with it.

Published On : June 3, 2024
A)
Amethi
B)
Chandauli
C)
Prayagraj
D)
Sambhal

Correct Answer :   Prayagraj


Anand Bhawan holds a prominent place in the historical landscape of Uttar Pradesh and related to Prayagraj district in Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh, India’s fourth-largest state, is renowned for its diverse cultures and unique traditions. With the highest population density in the country, it also boasts the largest number of districts. Amidst the varied regions and districts of Uttar Pradesh, there lies a significant connection between a district and Anand Bhawan, a historical edifice with profound significance.

An Overview of Uttar Pradesh :

Uttar Pradesh, formerly known as the United Provinces, encompasses a vast expanse of 240,928 square kilometers, constituting approximately 7.33% of India’s total land area. With a population of over 240 million as of 2011, it accounts for nearly 16.5% of India’s population, making it the most populous state in the country.

Which District of Uttar Pradesh is related to Anand Bhawan?

Anand Bhawan is related to Prayagraj district in Uttar Pradesh. Constructed in 1930 by Motilal Nehru, it initially served as the ancestral home of the Nehru family and later became the headquarters of the Indian National Congress. Today, it stands as a significant historical landmark in Prayagraj, preserving the legacy of India’s struggle for independence and housing a museum dedicated to the nation’s freedom movement.

Introduction to Anand Bhawan :

Anand Bhawan holds a prominent place in the historical landscape of Uttar Pradesh, particularly in Prayagraj district. Constructed in 1930 by Motilal Nehru, it served as the ancestral home of the Nehru family. Initially intended as a residence, it later transformed into the headquarters of the Indian National Congress.

Historical Significance of Anand Bhawan :

Over time, Anand Bhawan evolved from a personal residence to a symbol of India’s struggle for independence. It witnessed numerous pivotal moments in the nation’s history, hosting discussions, meetings, and strategizing sessions led by prominent freedom fighters.

Published On : June 3, 2024
A)
Vermont
B)
Oregon
C)
Kansas
D)
Maine

Correct Answer :   Maine


Maine, located in the northeastern United States, is known as “The Pine Tree State.” Its nickname stems from its vast forests, covering over 17 million acres, dominated by the majestic white pine. The state’s reverence for this symbol is evident in its official state tree, the white pine, and its incorporation into various state emblems. Maine’s rich forestry heritage and commitment to conservation further reinforce its identity as “The Pine Tree State.”

The Origin of the Nickname “The Pine Tree State”?

Maine earned its moniker, “The Pine Tree State,” for a multitude of reasons, with its vast expanses of pine forests being chief among them. Covering over 17 million acres, these forests have been an integral part of Maine’s identity and economy for centuries. The towering white pine, with its distinctive needles and stately presence, became a symbol of the state’s resilience and natural abundance.

State Symbols :

The significance of the pine tree is deeply ingrained in Maine’s culture and history, reflected in various state symbols. The white pine holds the esteemed position of being Maine’s official state tree, chosen for its majesty and widespread presence throughout the region. Moreover, the pine cone—a symbol of regeneration and growth—is incorporated into the state flower, the white pine cone and tassel.

Recognition and Representation :

Maine’s reverence for the pine tree extends beyond its natural landscapes. The state quarter, part of the United States Mint’s 50 State Quarters Program, features a depiction of a majestic white pine towering over the coast—a nod to Maine’s maritime heritage and its enduring connection to the forest. This recognition on a national platform underscores the significance of the pine tree in Maine’s identity.

Economic Importance :

Beyond its symbolic value, Maine’s forests play a pivotal role in the state’s economy, supporting industries such as forestry, logging, and paper manufacturing. The abundance of timber resources has fueled economic growth and provided livelihoods for generations of Mainers. However, with a growing emphasis on sustainable forestry practices, there is a concerted effort to balance economic prosperity with environmental conservation.

Published On : June 3, 2024