Correct Answer : Option (B) - 12th August
Every year on August 12, World Elephant Day is observed with an aim to acknowledge Elephants’ significance in our ecosystem. The day underlines the awareness of the threats that elephants face in their daily lives. Whether poaching, mistreatment in captivity, or habitat loss, every single factor plays a role in animal abuse.
Elephants are considered sacred in many cultures and are essential for maintaining a healthy ecosystem. Thus, it is essential to understand their significance and take steps to protect them at all costs. The campaign World Elephant Day was initiated in 2012 to bring awareness to the disturbing situations of African and Asian elephants.
World Elephant Day: What is the history behind World Elephant Day?
* World Elephant Day was launched on August 12, 2012, to bring attention to the situation of African and Asian elephants.
* It was first observed by Canadian filmmakers Michael Clark and Patricia Sims with the Thailand-based Elephant Reintroduction Foundation.
* In 2012, Patricia Sims founded an organization called the World Elephant Society. Her organization has succeeded to create awareness about the dangers confronted by the elephants and the inevitability to protect them globally.
World Elephant Day: What are some important facts about Elephants?
* Elephants have a thick skin of 2.5 –centimeters or more.
* Elephants are generally constantly eating.
* They can spend up to 75 percent of the day just eating.
* Baby elephants can stand within 20 minutes of their birth, while they can start walking within an hour.
* Elephant’s temporal lobe is associated with memory and is larger and denser than humans. Thus, they never forget.
* There are around 4.15 lakh African elephants life in the wild.
* African elephants are larger than Asian elephants. Their ears are also larger and are shaped like the African continent.
* Wild elephants can live till 60-70 years of age.
* Elephants are expressive and are adept at showing emotions like empathy, grief, and compassion.
Elephants pick up seismic vibrations by their feet to communicate with each other.Source : Business Standard