Google News
logo
Daily & Latest Current Affairs in 2024

Current Affairs is a very important part of the overall preparation strategy for various Competitive Entrance and Government Recruitment Exams. Free Time Learning offers Today Current Affairs provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs for UPSC, IAS/PCS, UPPSC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, SSC, CGL, Railway, APPSC, TSPSC, KPSC, TNPSC, TPSC, UPPSC, MPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, UKPSC, MPSC, and other competitive exams.

A)
August 1
B)
August 2
C)
August 3
D)
August 4

Correct Answer : Option (A) - August 1


World Wide Web Day is celebrated on August 1 every year. The day is observed to commemorate the World Wide Web (www) and its impact on the world.

It was on August 1 in 1991 that Tim Berners-Lee posted a proposal for the World Wide Web on the alt.hypertext newsgroup; this day is, therefore, celebrated with great importance every year. The year 1989 marked the beginning of the Internet. From that point forward, it has continued to evolve.
 


World Wide Web Day History :

The World Wide Web, or simply ‘the Web’, was made by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 while he was working at CERN (the European Organisation for Nuclear Research).

In March 1989, Berners-Lee presented a proposal for a "distributed information system" to facilitate sharing and updating information between scientists at CERN. Berners-Lee and his colleague Robert Cailliau developed the first web browser, WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus), and the first web server, "httpd," in 1990.

The world's first website went live on August 6, 1991. It was a basic page that made sense of the World Wide Web project and gave data about how to access and utilize it. This site was hosted on Berners-Lee's NeXT computer, which likewise served as the world's first web server.


World Wide Web Day 2023 Importance :


World Wide Web Day is huge as it is an opportunity to reflect the effect of the web on our lives and to praise the creativity and genius of Tim Berners-Lee and the numerous other people who have added to its development.

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
July 31
B)
August 1
C)
August 2
D)
August 3

Correct Answer : Option (B) - August 1


Muslim Women's Rights Day is observed across the nation on August 1 to celebrate the enactment of the law against triple talaq.

The central government enacted the law on August 1, 2019, that has made the practice of instant triple talaq a criminal offence.

The Union ministry of minority affairs on Saturday announced that Muslim Women's Rights Day will be observed across the nation on August 1 and it will celebrate the second anniversary of the enactment of the law against triple talaq.

Union minister for women and child development Smriti Irani, Union minister for environment, forest and climate change Bhupender Yadav and Union minister for minority affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi will attend a programme in Delhi to observe Muslim Women's Rights Day on Sunday (30 July 2023).

Different organisations across the nation will also observe August 1 as Muslim Women's Rights Day.

Union minority affairs minister Naqvi said after the law came into effect triple talaq cases have come down significantly. "Muslim women across the country have overwhelmingly welcomed this law. The government has strengthened self-reliance, self-respect and self-confidence of the Muslim women of the country and protected their constitutional, fundamental and democratic rights by bringing the law against the triple talaq," he added.

The Supreme Court in August 2017 declared the practice of triple talaq or a form of divorce based on the husband pronouncing divorce thrice in quick succession as 'unconstitutional'.

In December 2017, citing the Supreme Court judgment and cases of triple talaq in India, the government introduced the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill in Parliament. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha but was stalled by the opposition in the Rajya Sabha. The bill was reintroduced and passed by both the Houses of Parliament in July 2019. Consequently, the bill received assent from President Ram Nath Kovind. The legislation, which outlaws instant triple talaq, sets forth three years jail for violations and also make the violator liable to pay a fine..

Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
July 30
B)
July 31
C)
August 1
D)
August 2

Correct Answer : Option (C) - August 1


World Lung Cancer Day is observed every year on August 1 and it has been celebrated on the same date since 2012. It was first marked to raise awareness around the deadly disease and encourage more research on it to break the stigma around the disease.


World Lung Cancer Day 2023: History & Significance


The campaign for World Lung Cancer Day was recognized in the year 2012 though the momentum was set in the preceding years. The Forum of International Respiratory Societies organized the campaign in collaboration with the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer and the American College of Chest Physicians. The awareness around lung cancer picked pace since then and people got more aware of the signs and symptoms that they must look for in case of lung cancer.

The statistics in India hint that the cases of cancer cases may grow from 1.46 million in 2022 to 1.57 million in 2025. Lung and breast cancers in males and females are considered the leading types of cancers. Major types of lung cancer are classified on the basis of the appearance of cancer cells under the microscope: small-cell lung cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer spreads at a faster rate than non-small lung cancer. This day helps us to raise awareness about the disease and the importance of early detection and treatment.


About the Lung Cancer :


Lung cancer is recognized as one of the deadliest cancers and according to doctors of the Mayo Clinic, lung cancer begins when cells begin to grow abnormally in the lungs, and people who smoke at a higher risk of suffering from lung cancer but it can also affect a person who has never smoked.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. The signs and symptoms may not appear in the earlier stages but may be prominent at an advanced stage. According to National Cancer Institute, lung, and bronchus cancer are responsible for most deaths. Lung cancer was estimated to be 1,03,371 cases in 2022 and it featured in the top five leading sites for both males and females.

Over 80% of people who get lung cancers smoke frequently. Second-hand smoke, radon, air pollution, and a family history of lung cancer are other causes of cancer and may show symptoms like a persistent cough, difficulty in breathing, coughing blood, chest pain, and fatigue.

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
Amit Shah
B)
Rajnath Singh
C)
Smriti Irani
D)
Dharmendra Pradhan

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Dharmendra Pradhan


The Prime Minister inaugurated Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Samagam 2023 at Bharat Mandapam, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi on 3rd anniversary of NEP 2020.

On the sidelines, the Union Minister of Education and Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, "Shri Dharmendra Pradhan", launched the logo, slogan-Jan Jan Sakshar and mobile application of ULLAS: Nav Bharat Saksharta Karyakram at Bharat Mandapam, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.

Shri Pradhan said that the ULLAS mobile application marks a significant milestone in harnessing the potential of technology to facilitate widespread access to basic literacy.

This user-friendly and interactive app available both on android and ios and will serve as a digital gateway for learners to engage in diverse learning resources through the DIKSHA portal of NCERT.

The ULLAS app can be used for registration of learners and volunteers either through self-registration or by surveyors, he added. The Minister highlighted that ULLAS will focus on promoting functional literacy, vocational skills, and many important life skills like financial literacy, legal literacy, digital literacy, and empowerment of citizens to involve in nation-building of the country. It also fosters a culture of continuous learning and knowledge-sharing in communities across India, he added.

The ULLAS (Understanding Lifelong Learning for All in Society) initiative is poised to revolutionise education and literacy across the nation, by fostering a learning ecosystem that reaches every individual, bridging the gaps in basic literacy and critical lifeskills. It imparts basic education, digital and financial literacy and critical life skills to citizens aged 15 and above who lost on the opportunity to go to school. It is being implemented through volunteerism.

The new logo and slogan, "ULLAS: Nav Bharat Saksharta Karyakram," reflect the enthusiasm and vigour of the campaign. It symbolises the light of knowledge spreading across every corner of the country, empowering citizens with the power of education, and igniting the flame of curiosity and learning in every individual making Jan Jan Sakshar.

The scheme will motivate volunteers to take part in the scheme as DUTY or Kartavya Bodh towards the nation building and will incentivize the student volunteers through credits in school/ university and appreciation through other means like certificates, appreciation letters, felicitation, etc.

To learn more about ULLAS: Nav Bharat Saksharta Karyakram download the mobile application from Google PlayStore or iOS App store..

Source : PIB

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
Gandhinagar
B)
Jaipur
C)
New Delhi
D)
Bangalore

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Gandhinagar


The two-day long G20 EMPOWER Summit will begin 1st August 2023 in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. Union Minister for Women and Child Development Smriti Zubin Irani will inaugurate the summit.

G20 EMPOWER agenda : The inaugural session will see the launch of key outcomes under the G20 EMPOWER agenda this year including the G20 EMPOWER Tech Equity Digital Inclusion Platform, the Best Practices Playbook, the KPI Dashboard, and the adoption of the G20 EMPOWER Communique 2023.
 
Theme : The summit, organized around the theme- ‘Women-Led Development: ensuring a sustainable, inclusive, and equitable global economic growth’, will witness the participation of delegates from across G20 nations, invited guest countries and international organizations in addition to many global experts, policymakers and stakeholders.

Besides, a host of esteemed speakers, including Minister of State for Women and Child Development Dr Munjpara Mahendrabhai, Secretary in Ministry of Women and Child Development Indevar Pandey, Vice-President of World Bank Lakshmi Shyam Sunder, Executive Director of UN Women Sima Bahous will also address the inaugural session.
 
G-20 EMPOWER Chair, Dr Sangita Reddy, will elaborate on the journey of EMPOWER under India’s Presidency and the tangible outcomes achieved. The Ministry of Women and Child Development is the nodal Ministry for EMPOWER which is the G20 Alliance for Empowerment and Progress of Women’s Economic Progression.

It is a private sector led initiative under the Sherpa Track that aims to accelerate women’s leadership and empowerment in the private sector across G20 countries..

Source : AIR

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
Rajnath Singh
B)
Draupadi Murmu
C)
Amit Shah
D)
Narendra Modi

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Narendra Modi


Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be on a day’s Pune tour 1st August 2023. During this, the Prime Minister will be honored with the Lokmanya Tilak National Award.

PM will be the 41st recipient of this award. The award was instituted in 1983 by the Tilak Smarak Mandir Trust. This award is given every year on 1st August , the death anniversary of Lokmanya Tilak, to persons who have made remarkable and extraordinary contributions, working for the progress and development of the nation.
 

Earlier, former President Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma, Pranab Mukherjee, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Indira Gandhi, Dr. Manmohan Singh and eminent persons like N R Narayan Murthy, and Dr. E. Shridharan have been honored with this award.

Prime Minister will begin his Pune tour with darshan and worship at the Dagdusheth Ganpati temple. The Prime Minister will also flag off the metro rail to inaugurate the services of the completed second phase of the Pune Metro. The foundation of this project was laid by the Prime Minister himself in 2016..

Source : AIR

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
B)
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
C)
Department of Telecommunications
D)
Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Telecom Regulatory Authority of India


Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) and the Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DoT) have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on Monday (31st July 2023) to establish mechanism of technical and institutional cooperation in telecommunications.

The Ministry of Communications informed in a press release that the Trai Centre of Studies and Research (Trai CSR) was established as an entity within Trai with a mandate to conceptualise, coordinate, and enable technological studies in the telecom and broadcasting sectors.

Its task is to enable technology-driven growth in India by combining the energies of different industries and sectors. The MoU has brought the two parties, Trai CSR and C-DoT together to reach the common goal of establishing a mechanism of technical and institutional cooperation in the field of telecommunications.

P D Vaghela, chairperson of Trai expressed his pleasure on this auspicious occasion and said that the commencement of a formal partnership shall empower us to embark on a journey of understanding new emerging technologies.

Aim : The partnership aims to promote cooperation for research on regulatory practices and bridge gaps in our understanding. We will conduct technical sessions, seminars and conferences to share knowledge and for capacity building, he added.

Secretary of DoT, K Rajaraman also lauded the efforts of Trai and C-DoT for signing this MoU. Rajaraman said that the collaboration will open new doors in the domain of policy research, regulatory studies and knowledge dissemination..

Source : Business Standard

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
7.1%
B)
7.7%
C)
8.2%
D)
9.6%

Correct Answer : Option (C) - 8.2%


India's eight core sectors posted a growth of 8.2% in June 2023, according to data released by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry on July 31, 2023.

At 8.2%, the growth in India's eight key infrastructure sectors - coal, crude oil, steel, cement, electricity, fertilisers, refinery products, and natural gas - in June is the highest in five months.

Core sector growth for May has been revised up to 5.0% from 4.3%. In June 2022, core sector growth was 13.1%, thanks to a favourable base effect.

For April-June, core sector growth has been 5.8%, down from 13.9% in the first three months of 2022-23.

The sharp improvement in performance last month was down to improved output growth in six of the eight sectors, with only fertiliser and cement output growing at a slower pace in June compared to May on a year-on-year basis. However, cement production still grew at an impressive 9.4%, while fertiliser output was up 3.4%, down from 9.7% growth in May.

Of the other six sectors which saw improved performance in June, crude oil output contracted again - this time by 0.6%, compared to a fall of 1.9% in May.

"The tardy onset of the monsoon contributed to an improved performance of electricity, coal etc," noted Aditi Nayar, chief economist at ICRA.

Electricity production was up 3.3% in June compared to a growth of 0.8% in May, while coal output increased by 9.8%. The sector to post the highest growth was steel, whose output jumped by 21.9% - double the May growth rate of 10.9%.

With the eight core industries making up more than 40% of the weight of the Index of Industrial Production, Nayar expects industrial growth in June to be in the range of 4-6% "in spite of the moderation in the year-on-year performance of several available high-frequency indicators".

India's industrial output had grown by 5.2% in May, as per data released on July 12. Data for June will be released on August 11..

Source : Money Control

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
Chennai
B)
Kolkata
C)
Bengaluru
D)
Ahmedabad

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Bengaluru


India will be hosting a World Coffee Conference for the first time, with its fifth edition promoted by the International Coffee Organisation to be held in Bengaluru from September 25 to September 28, 2023.

ICO is the primary intergovernmental organisation dedicated to promoting coffee trade and fostering cooperation among coffee-producing and consuming nations. At a preview ceremony of WCC 2023 where its logo was unveiled here on Monday (31st July 2023), Coffee Board of India CEO and Secretary K G Jagadeesha announced that tennis player Rohan Bopanna would be the brand ambassador of the event.

ICO is organising the event in collaboration with the Coffee Board of India.

"WCC (2023) is being organised for the first time in Asia and it is set to bring immense benefits to coffee farmers in India," Jagadeesha said. "By promoting the coffees of India on a global stage, the event will create new opportunities and markets for these farmers".

'Sustainability through Circular Economy and Regenerative Agriculture' is the central theme for the event, featuring conferences, exhibitions, skill-building workshops, a CEOs & global leaders forum and a growers conclave, among programmes.

Producers, curers, roasters, exporters, policy makers and researchers from 80-plus countries are expected to take part in WCC 2023. Previous editions of the WCC were held in England (2001), Brazil (2005), Guatemala (2010) and Ethiopia (2016)..

Source : Hindustan Times

Published On : August 1, 2023
A)
Stuart Broad
B)
Moeen Ali
C)
Jofra Archer
D)
James Anderson

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Stuart Broad


England pacer Stuart Broad has announced his retirement from cricket. He will call it quits from the game after the ongoing Ashes series. Broad announced the decision at the end of the third day of the fifth Ashes Test at the Oval. The 37-year-old has played 167 Test matches, picking 602 wickets. He has also featured in 121 ODIs and 56 T20Is.



Career of Stuart Broad :

Broad, who made his Test debut against Sri Lanka in 2007, will go down as one of the great pacers in the sport – he sits at fifth on the all-time list of wicket-takers, and is one of only two fast bowlers to take over 600 wickets, alongside long-time bowling partner Jimmy Anderson.

He is the only English player with two hat-tricks to his name in Test cricket. His finest hour in Test cricket came against his arch-rivals Australia when put himself in cricketing folklore with a stunning 8/15 at Trent Bridge in 2015. Broad was still firing at all cylinders even at 37 years of age but decided to call time on his career while he was still at the top of his game, informing his decision to the captain last night.


Stuart Broad – ICC Ranking, Age, Career and Retirement :

Stuart Broad is a former English cricketer who played Test cricket for the England cricket team and was One Day and Twenty20 International captain. He retired from all forms of cricket on July 29, 2023.

* ICC Ranking : As of August 1, 2023, Broad is ranked 8th in the ICC Test bowling rankings with a total of 771 points.

* Age : Broad was born on June 24, 1986, and is 37 years old.

* Career : Broad made his Test debut for England in 2007 and went on to play 167 matches, taking 604 wickets at an average of 27.68. He also played 121 ODIs, taking 178 wickets at an average of 30.13, and 56 T20Is, taking 65 wickets at an average of 22.94.

* Retirement : Broad announced his retirement from cricket on July 29, 2023, at the end of the 5th Ashes Test against Australia. He said that he wanted to “finish at the top of the game”.

Broad was a highly successful bowler for England, and his retirement is a significant loss to the team. He was a master of swing bowling, and his ability to take wickets in both the early and late stages of an innings was a major asset. He was also a reliable fielder, and took some important catches in his career.

Broad will be remembered as one of England’s greatest bowlers, and his retirement marks the end of an era.

Published On : August 1, 2023